Harry Pross

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Harry Pross (born September 2, 1923 in Karlsruhe , † March 11, 2010 in Weiler-Simmerberg ) was a German journalist and journalist .


Pross came from a middle-class family. His father was the director of a metalworking company with around 300 workers. After graduating from high school, Pross was drafted into the Wehrmacht in 1941 and seriously injured by shrapnel while retreating from the Russian front in Romania . The doctors wanted to amputate his right arm. However, his mother insisted on taking him home and looking after him. The wounds of the war and the remains of bullets left in his body have hindered his life ever since. P. 1

In 1945/46 he began studying social sciences in Heidelberg and heard, among others, Alfred Weber , Viktor von Weizsäcker , Willy Hellpach , Hans von Eckardt and Gustav Radbruch . In 1949 Pross received his doctorate with a thesis on the sociology of knowledge on the Bündische Jugend at the Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg . With a Harkness scholarship , he continued his studies at the Hoover Library ( Stanford University ) in 1952 and, while traveling through the United States , got to know the McCarthy agitation against suspected left-wing intellectuals, which was intensified by the election campaign of Republican Dwight D. Eisenhower .

As a journalist Pross worked for the Rheinpfalz (1948), the magazine Ost -problem (1949-1952) and the Haagse Post (1953-1954). In 1955 he married Heddy Weerth (1917-2004). 1955–1960 he was editor of the Deutsche Rundschau , 1955–1969 co-editor of the Neue Rundschau and 1963–1968 editor-in-chief of Radio Bremen .

Pross taught at the University for Work, Politics and Economics in Wilhelmshaven , at the Ulm School of Design and followed the call of the Free University of Berlin in 1968 . There he taught as a full professor at the Institute for Journalism until his early retirement in 1983 due to war injuries.

From 1989 to 1995 he taught at the St. Gallen School of Journalism . Guest lectures have taken him to Barcelona, ​​Bucharest, Madrid, Málaga, Moscow, Rome, Sao Paulo and Tel Aviv, among others. In 2001 Pross was awarded the Kurt Tucholsky Prize for literary journalism. After retiring from the University of Berlin in 1983, he developed and directed the international Kornhaus seminars in his home town of Weiler im Allgäu . He selected changing topics from the field of communication and had them examined by high-ranking experts from different perspectives. He has also published countless articles in newspapers, magazines, edited volumes and on the radio.

Harry Pross typed the media in 1970 depending on their production and reception conditions:

  • primary media are means of elementary human contact without a device,
  • Secondary media require devices to be produced, but not to be perceived.
  • tertiary media require devices on the part of the producer as well as the consumer.

International Kornhaus seminars

  • 1984 Kitsch as a social product
  • 1985 Home and homelessness
  • 1986 Meals in Change
  • 1987 friends and others
  • 1988 dialect and maturity
  • 1989 Anniversary and memorize
  • 1990 Europe of the Regions
  • 1991 fairy tales, messages of freedom
  • 1992 From playing
  • 1993 On dealing with time

Works (selection)

as an author

  • Bracke. Poems . 1945.
  • The east and the world. An experiment based on Soviet caricatures . Hermit Press, Frankfurt / M. 1952.
  • Georg Weerth and his relationship with Friedrich Engels . On the occasion of the 100th anniversary of his death on July 30, 1956 . In: Mitteilungen aus der Lippe history and regional studies , Vol. 25 (1956), pp. 167–177.
  • German politics 1803-1870. Documents and materials . Fischer, Frankfurt / M. 1962 (Fischer-Bücherei; 415).
  • Before and after Hitler . On German social pathology . Walter-Verlag, Olten 1962.
  • Literature and politics. History and programs of literary and political magazines in the German-speaking area since 1870 . Walter-Verlag, Olten 1963.
  • Youth, Eros, Politics. The history of the German youth movement . Scherz Verlag, Bern 1964.
  • Dialectic of Restoration. An essay . Walter-Verlag, Olten 1965.
  • Mass Media Morale. Prolegomena to a theory of journalism . Kiepenheuer & Witsch, Cologne 1967.
  • Journalism. Theses for a basic colloquium . Luchterhand Verlag, Neuwied 1970.
  • Sons of Cassandra. Attempt on German intellectuals . Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1971.
  • Protest. About the relationship between form and principle . Luchterhand Verlag, Neuwied 1971.
  • Most of the news is wrong. For a new communication policy . Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1972 (Urban pocket books; 816).
  • Media research. Film, radio, press, television . Verlag Habel, Darmstadt 1972 (Knowledge of the Present).
  • Political symbolism. Theory and Practice of Public Communication . Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1974 (Urban pocket books; 866).
  • Introduction to Communication Studies ” . Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1976, ISBN 3-17-002547-3 (together with Hanno Beth ).
  • Politics and journalism in Germany since 1945. Time-related positions . Piper, Munich 1980, ISBN 3-492-00513-6 .
  • Constraints. Essay on symbolic violence . Kramer Verlag, Berlin 1981, ISBN 3-87956-142-7 .
  • Book of friendship . Herder, Freiburg / B. 1991, ISBN 3-451-04044-1 (Herder Spectrum; 4044).
  • Protest society. On the effectiveness of the objection . Artemis & Winkler, Munich 1992, ISBN 3-7608-1941-9 .
  • Memoirs of a Resident 1923–1993 . Artemis & Winkler, Munich 1993, ISBN 3-7608-1945-1 (autobiography).
  • The person in the media network. Orientation in diversity . Artemis & Winkler, Düsseldorf 1996, ISBN 3-538-07042-3 .
  • Communication theory for practice . In: Axel Kutsch , Horst Pöttker (Hrsg.): Communication science - autobiographical. To the development of a science in Germany . Westdeutscher Verlag, Opladen 1997, ISBN 3-531-12879-5 , pp. 120-138 (= journalism. Quarterly books for communication research ; special edition 1).
  • Newspaper report. German press in the 20th century . Böhlau, Weimar 2000, ISBN 978-3-7400-1125-3 .

as editor

  • Foreign policy . Fischer, Frankfurt / M. 1958 (Das Fischer-Lexikon; Vol. 7; together with Golo Mann ).
  • The destruction of German politics. Documents 1871-1933 . New edition Fischer, Frankfurt / M. 1983, ISBN 3-596-23491-3 (collection of documents on German politics since Bismarck's founding of the empire).
  • German press since 1945 . Scherz-Verlag, Bern 1965.
  • Media communication rituals. Walks through everyday media life . Guttandin & Hoppe 1983, ISBN 3-922140-18-1 (together with Claus-Dieter Rath).
  • Kitsch. Social and political aspects of a question of taste . List, Munich 1985, ISBN 3-471-78423-3 .


  • Hanno Beth (Ed.): Spring reading. Journalism between distance and commitment. Harry Pross for his 60th birthday. Clemens Zerling Verlag, Berlin 1983, ISBN 3-88468-015-3 .
  • Christian Weischer (Ed.): Dialogues. Ten years of the Kornhaus seminar. Festschrift for Harry Pross for the 70th Lagrev Verlag, Munich 1993, ISBN 3-929879-21-2 .
  • Günter Bentele : Harry Pross was 75. In: Journalism. Volume 44 (1999), issue 1.
  • Roland Links (Ed.): Kurt Tucholsky Prize for Literary Journalism 2001 to Harry Pross. Kurt Tucholsky Society, Berlin 2001 (on behalf of the Kurt Tucholsky Society).
  • Bernd Kramer (Hrsg.): Praise of the anarchy. Experienced and exquisite. Essays on Camus , Gustav Landauer , Martin Buber , B. Traven , Erich Mühsam , Leo Tolstoi . Kramer Verlag, Berlin 2003, ISBN 3-87956-290-3 (published on the occasion of Harry Pross' 80th birthday).
  • Vicente Romano: Semblanza. Harry Pross in memoriam . March 19, 2010 (Spanish, 5 p., Obituary for Harry Pross on rebelion.org - Vicente Romano was a friend and journalistic partner of Harry Pross).
  • Klaus Beck : Harry Pross - Signal Economy and New Communication Policy . In: Media & Communication Studies. tape 63 , 2015, p. 557-575 (19 p., Overview of Pross' scientific work in the series' Classics of Communication and Media Studies Today ', with numerous references).

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. See Vicente Romano: Semblanza (obituary).
  2. ^ Harry Pross: Journalism: Theses for a basic colloquium. Luchterhand, Neuwied 1970, p. 129.