|Mountains||Central Bohemian Uplands|
|Development||Construction of the castle in the 13th century|
Hazmburk (German Hasenburg ) is one of the most striking mountains of the Bohemian Central Uplands , crowned by the ruins of the Gothic Hazmburk Castle . The silhouette of the mountain is considered to be the symbol of the Central Bohemian Uplands . The resident noble family Zajíc von Hasenburg named themselves after the castle .
Location and surroundings
The Hasenburg lies in front of the Bohemian Uplands to the south and is located about ten kilometers south of Lovosice ( Lobositz ) and 15 kilometers west of Roudnice nad Labem ( Raudnitz ). Directly at the foot of the mountain are the communities of Klapý ( Klapay ) and Slatina as well as the desert Podhora manor. The Rosovka flows at the southern foot of the mountain .
The Gothic castle was built by the Lords of Lichtenburg at the end of the 13th century and was originally called Klapý. In 1335 the complex became the property of Zbyněk Zajíc von Waldeck (Zajíc z Valdeku) from the Busitz family , who received the castle from King John of Luxembourg as a gift. Accordingly, the rabbit (Zajíc) in its crest , the system was now as Hasenburg designated. As a result, Zajíc von Waldeck had the castle extensively rebuilt. New palas , new kennels , farm buildings, a new cistern and the two striking towers were built. Further modifications were made in the 15th century. After the Hussite Wars - during which the occupation successfully resisted the sieges by the Hussites several times - the castle was no longer used and fell into disrepair. In 1586 it was called desolate.
The steep slopes of the mountain are demolition areas of several landslides in 1882, 1898, 1900 and 1939, during which houses and streets in Klapý were destroyed.
To the north there is an impressive panorama of the Bohemian Central Uplands from Oblík ( Hoblik ) in the west to Sedlo ( Hoher Geltsch ) in the east. When visibility is good, the ridge of the Jeschken can also be seen far to the east. The holy mountain of the Czechs, the Říp ( Georgsberg ), rises to the southeast like a “cheese bell” . In the south, the view is limited by the flat mountain ranges of the Džbán ( Krugwald ).
Routes to the summit
- The best starting point for the ascent is the place Klapý, from there a yellow hiking trail leads directly to the summit
- Another starting point is the Slatina pod Hazmburkem stop on the Lovosice – Louny railway line , from where you follow the blue waymarks via Slatina .
Look at the rabbits castle of Libochovice from
- The impregnable Hazmburk Castle on kr-ustecky.cz