Army Group C

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The Army Group C was a major unit of the Army of the Wehrmacht during the Second World War . She was high command of changing armies and numerous special troops.


Army Group C was set up on August 26, 1939 from Army Group Command 2 in Frankfurt . Initially, Army Group C commanded all the troops on the Western Front , but after the attack on Poland was over, the command was limited to the southern part of the Western Front. Army Group C managed the frontal breakthrough of the Maginot Line in June 1940. After the campaign in the west , the Army Group was initially relocated to home and on April 20, 1941 to East Prussia under the camouflage designation "Section Staff East Prussia" . On June 21, 1941 (one day before the attack on the Soviet Union ) it was renamed Army Group North .

It was reorganized on November 26, 1943 by being separated from the staff of the Commander-in-Chief South ( Luftwaffe ) from which the staff of the Commander-in-Chief Southwest was also formed. Army Group C was deployed in Italy .

On April 29, 1945, the partial surrender of the German armed forces was signed after the western allies invaded what remained of northern Italy. This only came about after long negotiations that came to be known as Operation Sunrise .
Two by Colonel General Heinrich von Vietinghoff (called Scheel) and the Supreme SS and Police Chief in Italy, obergruppenführer and General of the Waffen-SS Karl Wolff officer (Lieutenant Colonel Victor von Schweinitz and sturmbannführer Eugen Wenner ) signed at Caserta , the surrender of Army Group C , as its commander was also the Commander in Chief Southwest . The deed of surrender was signed in the presence of British Field Marshal Harold Alexander , Commander in Chief of the Allied Forces in the Mediterranean, and was announced on May 2nd - the day the surrender took effect. This officially ended the war in Italy. On the same day, after the Battle of Berlin, the capital's partial capitulation with the Red Army came into force.

Commander in chief

after reorganization:

Chiefs of the General Staff

after reorganization:

Structure of the Army Group

Army group troops
  • Army Group Intelligence Regiment 639 (1st lineup)
  • Army Group Intelligence Regiment 598 (2nd lineup)
date Subordinate major associations
1. Setup
September 1939 7th Army , 1st Army , 5th Army , Army Division A
October 1939 7th Army, 1st Army
July 1940 1st Army, 12th Army , 2nd Army
September 1940 7th Army, 6th Army , 2nd Army. 1st Army
November 1940 2nd Army, 11th Army
December 1940 2nd Army, 11th Army, Panzer Group 3
April 1941 11th Army, Panzer Group 3
May 1941 18th Army , 16th Army , Panzer Group 4
Further see Army Group North
2. Setup
December 1943 10th Army , 14th Army
April 1944 10th Army, 14th Army, Army Division of Pliers
August 1944 10th Army, 14th Army, Army of Liguria
November 1944 10th Army, Liguria Army Group
March 1945 10th Army, 14th Army, Army of Liguria

See also

Individual evidence

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