Heinrich Marzell

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Heinrich Marzell (born January 23, 1885 in Munich , † November 20, 1970 in Erlangen ) was a German botanist who was particularly concerned with the popular names of plants and with plants in customs. Its official botanical author's abbreviation is " Marzell ".


After graduating from high school in 1904, Heinrich Marzell studied botany , chemistry and German studies at the Wilhelmsgymnasium in Munich and then taught chemistry and biology at the Gunzenhausen secondary school . Important work was the treatment of the German names in the flora by Gustav Hegi , a dissertation on the subject of the animals in German plant names , a contribution to the German vocabulary, the acceptance of which proved to be difficult due to the interdisciplinary orientation. In 1911 he received his doctorate from the University of Würzburg . Further contributions to plants in an ethnological context were made in the Handbuch des Deutschen Superstlaubens . His main work, however, is the five-volume dictionary of German plant names (1943–1979; 1st delivery of 1st volume 1937), the last three volumes of which were edited by Heinz Paul from the estate.

Marzell had been a member of the Leopoldina since 1939 , and in 1953 he received the Leibniz Medal of the German Academy of Sciences in Berlin .

Fonts (selection)

  • Old Bavarian folk botany. In: Leaves on Bavarian Folklore. 1st series, 1909, pp. 1-16.
  • Folklore from herbal books of the 16th century. In: Journal of the Association for Folklore. Volume 24, 1914, pp. 1-19.
  • The native flora in folk customs and beliefs. Leipzig 1922 (= science and education. Volume 177).
  • Our medicinal plants. Their history and their position in folklore. Ethnobotanical forays. Munich 1922; 2nd edition, entitled History and Folklore of German Medicinal Plants , Stuttgart 1938; Reprinted there in 1967.
  • Bavarian folk botany. Popular notions about plants in Bavaria on the right bank of the Rhine. Nuremberg 1925.
  • What is the popular name of Marguerite? In: Folklore gifts. John Meier for his seventieth birthday. De Gruyter, Berlin 1934, pp. 130-137.
  • Folk medicine. In: Adolf Spamer (ed.): The German folklore. Volume 1. Berlin / Leipzig 1934, pp. 168-182.
  • Dictionary of German plant names. (with the assistance of Wilhelm Wissmann and Wolfgang Pfeifer ): Volumes I – V, Leipzig, Stuttgart and Wiesbaden 1943–1979, Volumes III (from column 481) and IV (from the estate) ed. by Heinz Paul, Volume V (register volume) 1958 with Wilhelm Wissmann; Reprint (licensed edition) Cologne 2000. ISBN 3-88059-982-3 .
  • Our medicinal plants, their history and their place in folklore. 2nd edition under the title History and Folklore of German Medicinal Plants. Stuttgart 1938, reprinted there in 1967.
  • Heavenly bread and devil's ladder. Popular plant names from Bavaria. Munich 1951 (= Bavarian Local Research, 3).
  • The toad as a pest remedy at Paracelsus. In: Die Medizinische Welt 45, 1966, pp. 2441-2443.


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Annual report on the K. Wilhelms-Gymnasium in Munich. ZDB -ID 12448436 , 1903/04