Heinrich Marzell (born January 23, 1885 in Munich , † November 20, 1970 in Erlangen ) was a German botanist who was particularly concerned with the popular names of plants and with plants in customs. Its official botanical author's abbreviation is " Marzell ".
After graduating from high school in 1904, Heinrich Marzell studied botany , chemistry and German studies at the Wilhelmsgymnasium in Munich and then taught chemistry and biology at the Gunzenhausen secondary school . Important work was the treatment of the German names in the flora by Gustav Hegi , a dissertation on the subject of the animals in German plant names , a contribution to the German vocabulary, the acceptance of which proved to be difficult due to the interdisciplinary orientation. In 1911 he received his doctorate from the University of Würzburg . Further contributions to plants in an ethnological context were made in the Handbuch des Deutschen Superstlaubens . His main work, however, is the five-volume dictionary of German plant names (1943–1979; 1st delivery of 1st volume 1937), the last three volumes of which were edited by Heinz Paul from the estate.
- Old Bavarian folk botany. In: Leaves on Bavarian Folklore. 1st series, 1909, pp. 1-16.
- Folklore from herbal books of the 16th century. In: Journal of the Association for Folklore. Volume 24, 1914, pp. 1-19.
- The native flora in folk customs and beliefs. Leipzig 1922 (= science and education. Volume 177).
- Our medicinal plants. Their history and their position in folklore. Ethnobotanical forays. Munich 1922; 2nd edition, entitled History and Folklore of German Medicinal Plants , Stuttgart 1938; Reprinted there in 1967.
- Bavarian folk botany. Popular notions about plants in Bavaria on the right bank of the Rhine. Nuremberg 1925.
- What is the popular name of Marguerite? In: Folklore gifts. John Meier for his seventieth birthday. De Gruyter, Berlin 1934, pp. 130-137.
- Folk medicine. In: Adolf Spamer (ed.): The German folklore. Volume 1. Berlin / Leipzig 1934, pp. 168-182.
- Dictionary of German plant names. (with the assistance of Wilhelm Wissmann and Wolfgang Pfeifer ): Volumes I – V, Leipzig, Stuttgart and Wiesbaden 1943–1979, Volumes III (from column 481) and IV (from the estate) ed. by Heinz Paul, Volume V (register volume) 1958 with Wilhelm Wissmann; Reprint (licensed edition) Cologne 2000. ISBN 3-88059-982-3 .
- Our medicinal plants, their history and their place in folklore. 2nd edition under the title History and Folklore of German Medicinal Plants. Stuttgart 1938, reprinted there in 1967.
- Heavenly bread and devil's ladder. Popular plant names from Bavaria. Munich 1951 (= Bavarian Local Research, 3).
- The toad as a pest remedy at Paracelsus. In: Die Medizinische Welt 45, 1966, pp. 2441-2443.
- Peter Dilg: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 16, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1990, ISBN 3-428-00197-4 , p. 351 f. ( ). In:
- Literature by and about Heinrich Marzell in the catalog of the German National Library
- Author entry and list of the described plant names for Heinrich Marzell at the IPNI
- Annual report on the K. Wilhelms-Gymnasium in Munich. , 1903/04
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German botanist|
|DATE OF BIRTH||January 23, 1885|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Munich|
|DATE OF DEATH||November 20, 1970|
|Place of death||gain|