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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the city of Gunzenhausen
Map of Germany, position of the city Gunzenhausen highlighted

Coordinates: 49 ° 7 '  N , 10 ° 45'  E

Basic data
State : Bavaria
Administrative region : Middle Franconia
County : Weissenburg-Gunzenhausen
Height : 416 m above sea level NHN
Area : 82.73 km 2
Residents: 16,616 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 201 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 91710
Primaries : 09831, 09836
License plate : WUG, GUN
Community key : 09 5 77 136
City structure: 34 parts of the community

City administration address :
Marktplatz 23
91710 Gunzenhausen
Website :
Mayor : Karl-Heinz Fitz ( CSU )
Location of the city of Gunzenhausen in the Weißenburg-Gunzenhausen district
Gunzenhausen Absberg Alesheim Muhr am See Bergen (Mittelfranken) Burgsalach Dittenheim Ettenstatt Haundorf Heidenheim (Mittelfranken) Höttingen Langenaltheim Markt Berolzheim Meinheim Nennslingen Pappenheim Pfofeld Polsingen Solnhofen Theilenhofen Treuchtlingen Weißenburg in Bayern Westheim Raitenbuch Pleinfeld Gnotzheim Ellingen Landkreis Donau-Ries Landkreis Roth Landkreis Ansbach Landkreis Eichstättmap
About this picture

Gunzenhausen is a town in the district of Weißenburg-Gunzenhausen in Central Franconia . The state-approved resort is located on the Altmühlsee . With around 16,000 inhabitants, Gunzenhausen is the second largest, and in terms of area, with 82.73 square kilometers, the third largest municipality in the district.

Gunzenhausen, aerial photo (2016)
Gunzenhausen from the west


Geographical location

Gunzenhausen is located in the northwest of the Weißenburg-Gunzenhausen district in the West Middle Franconia region , in the middle of the Franconian Lake District and southeast of the Altmühlsee at an altitude of 416  m above sea level. NHN , on the south-eastern edge of the Frankenhöhe . This forms a wide area to the northwest, which slopes gently to the southeast. The rocks of the subsoil come from the middle Keuper period (mainly sandstone Keuper ). The Jura mountains of the Franconian Alb rise to the south and east of the Gunzenhausen area. B. the Hahnenkamm .

The Altmühl flows through the city . Other natural rivers in the municipality are the Wurmbach and Hambach . In the course of the creation of the Franconian Lake District, the Altmühlsee was dammed north of Gunzenhausen. He gets his water over the Altmühl feeder and delivers it over the Altmühl and the Altmühlüberleiter . To the north of Gunzenhausen are some smaller ponds. The municipality of Gunzenhausen is characterized by hills and meadows. In addition to the Cronheimer Forest , the town has foothills of the Lower Forest , the Haundorfer Forest and the Graefensteinberg Forest . In the far north lies the Wiesmet wetland . The surveys include the Wurmbacher Berg , the Bühl and the Büchelberg . In the west, the border with the Ansbach district runs . The nature reserve bird sanctuary flat water and island zone in the Altmühlsee is partly located in the municipality . In the south of the Altmühlsee is the Shepherd's Island . The first geodetic reference point in Bavaria to determine geographic coordinates was set up in Gunzenhausen .

The neighboring communities are:

Arberg Muhr am See , Haundorf , Ornbau , Arberg Haundorf
Arberg , Unterer Wald (community-free area) Neighboring communities Pfofeld , Theilenhofen
Wassertrüdingen , Unterschwaningen Gnotzheim Dittenheim

City structure

There are 34 officially named parts of the municipality (the type of place is given in brackets ):

Cronheim, Nordstetten, Unter- and Oberhambach have different area codes 09836.

There are the districts of Cronheim, Aha, Frickenfelden, Pflaumfeld, Laubenzedel, Nordstetten, Oberasbach, Stetten, Unterwurmbach and Wald. There are also the residential areas Unterhambacher Mühle , Leonhardsruh and Fischhaus , which are not recognized as official districts . The village of Specksrod has gone.


Prehistoric finds

Numerous excavation finds in the area of ​​the city prove the settlement already in prehistoric times.

Numerus fort on the Limes

Watchtower foundation at the Schlossbuck

Around 90 AD the Romans occupied the areas north of the Danube , which had been inhabited by the Celts until then, and penetrated into the area around Gunzenhausen. A numerus fort was built here on the Limes to control and secure the border of the areas incorporated into the Roman Empire . The Alemanni , invading from the northwest, destroyed the complex around 241 AD.

From the first documentary mention to 1806

Former coat of arms (until 1937)

A document from the year 823 (August 21, 823) provides the first reliable written reference to Gunzenhausen: Emperor Ludwig the Pious transferred the monastery “Gunzinhusir” to the imperial monastery Ellwangen . In the Middle Ages , the Ellwang abbots enfeoffed the aristocratic families of Truhendinger and Oettinger with Gunzenhausen until the rule passed to Burkhard von Seckendorff in 1349 . In 1368, Burgrave Friedrich von Nürnberg acquired the city, which then became the property of the Hohenzollern family . For the first time, the city received the right to hold annual fairs , permission to build extensive fortifications with city ​​walls , towers and moats, as well as the large city church, and it flourished in the first decades of the Hohenzollern rule.

The Hohenzollern branch line of the Margraviate Brandenburg-Ansbach owned and ruled the territories around Gunzenhausen. Architecturally, the absolutist Prince Karl Wilhelm Friedrich (1712–1757), also known as the “Wilde Margrave”, who expanded Gunzenhausen into his personal residence , shaped the baroque image of the city in the 18th century.

At the end of the Old Kingdom , Gunzenhausen, which was part of the Franconian Circle from 1500 , fell to the Kingdom of Bavaria in 1806 .

Gunzenhausen was the seat of the Gunzenhausen district office established in 1862, which became the Gunzenhausen district in 1939 . In 1972 this district was merged with the Weißenburg district as part of the regional reform and Gunzenhausen lost its status as a district town.

Period of National Socialism and the Second World War

West Central Franconia was a structurally weak agricultural region with mostly small farms, a predominantly Protestant population and a relatively high proportion of Jews in many places. In Gunzenhausen in 1933 there were 184 citizens of the Jewish faith with a total population of 5,686. Middle Franconian Protestantism had a great affinity with National Socialism. The NSDAP had become very strong in Middle Franconia under its Gauleiter Julius Streicher towards the end of the 1920s. She constantly agitated with numerous speeches, mass rallies and SA marches . Almost the entire circulation of the anti-Semitic newspaper Der Stürmer was sold in Nuremberg and Middle Franconia until 1933. The NSDAP achieved above-average results in elections: in 1930 it was already 35% (compared to almost 19 percent in the Reich average), in 1932 66%, on March 6, 1933 the NSDAP received 67.5% compared to the Reich average of 43.9% of the votes .

In the discrimination of the Jewish population, the then district town and its surroundings stood out. Since the NSDAP local group was founded in 1922/1923, there have been increasing numbers of anti-Semitic incidents. The Jewish cemetery was desecrated and the synagogue windows smashed. Right-wing extremists suspected Jews of being communists. In 1928/1929 there was a wave of anti-Semitic propaganda, which also led to attacks on Jewish merchants. The Jewish community tried - with little success - to take action against the suspicions and the attacks. In 1932 Heinrich Münch, who was elected mayor for 10 years without a party, joined the NSDAP and the SA . He was an ardent admirer of Adolf Hitler and also turned out to be a radical anti-Semite. When Adolf Hitler came to power at the end of January 1933, the Jews were henceforth unprotected against National Socialist arbitrariness. One of the persecutors of the Jews was the tax officer Johann Appler , who had joined the NSDAP in 1928. In 1929 he became local chairman and in 1930 district leader of the NSDAP. In 1931 Appler founded a local group of the SS . He was an anti-Semite known far beyond the county boundaries. Appler was appointed second mayor on April 27, 1933 at the suggestion of the powerful city council and supreme SA leader in Gunzenhausen, SA-Sturmbannführer Karl Bär. Karl Bär was the third strong man of the National Socialists in Gunzenhausen. Bär was an old fighter of the NSDAP and worked as a tax secretary in the financial administration. From 1929 he sat on the city council of Gunzenhausen, in 1926 he had joined the SS and was the director of SA terror in public. Before 1933, several criminal proceedings had been pending against Bär in connection with his SA activities. After 1933, a "local action committee to ward off Jewish lies and atrocity propaganda" under the leadership of Appler took over the anti-Semitic agitation. "Arbitrary arrests, boycotts of Jewish shops, public denunciation, medical treatment bans" were only part of the measures. On April 1, 1933, the nationwide boycott of Jewish shops in Germany and Gunzenhausen took place. The non-Jewish population was put under pressure, u. a. not to buy in Jewish shops, not to be treated by a Jewish doctor and, for example, not to go to the restaurant of “Simon Strauss”. The innkeeper and his son were mistreated by the SA as early as 1933. On June 30, 1933, around 100 National Socialists gathered in front of Jewish houses and shops and demanded that Jews living in the town be taken into protective custody. The police dispersed the crowd but put three Jewish residents in jail. In 1934 Münch wrote to Goebbels : "A large part of economic life ... is in Jewish hands ... Politically, the Jews have always been democrats." In addition to politics, Appler also made a career in financial administration. After the unexpected death of Mayor Münch in July 1935, Julius Streicher installed Appler as First Mayor. The first Hitler memorial of the German Reich was erected in Gunzenhausen in April 1933 under National Socialist leadership. The Völkischer Beobachter described Gunzenhausen as the "best district". The Hensoltshöhe Deaconess Motherhouse also sought closeness to the regime not only with its commitment to the German Christians . A close relationship was also maintained with Julius Streicher, who determined many things in Gunzenhausen's politics.

In March 1934, SA men beat a Jewish citizen who had complained to Mayor Münch about attacks by the SA on life and property. On so-called Palm Sunday , March 25, 1934, the 22-year-old SA-Obersturmführer Kurt Bähr, the nephew of the SA-Sturmbannführer and SA boss of Gunzenhausen Karl Bähr, had sought a dispute with the owner of the clothing store Sigmund Rosenfelder, so that he feared worse . Late in the afternoon Kurt Bähr and his SA men attacked Simon Strauss's inn. First they beat the German national mayor of Gundelsheim, Leopold Baumgärtner, from Simon Strauss's inn, because “he drank his beer at a Jew's house”. Then they attacked the innkeeper Simon Strauss and his son and seriously injured the son. Thereupon Bär gave an anti-Semitic inflammatory speech in front of the inn. A crowd and 15–20 SA men and labor service members had gathered there. First of all, the innkeeper family was brought to the city prison "for protection" in front of the audience. The unconscious son Julius Strauss was repeatedly dropped and trampled on by the SA men who were carrying him. The mother Strauss, who was worried about her son, received several slaps from Kurt Bär. That greeted the larger crowd, which had meanwhile gathered together, with shouts such as “hit it”. In larger and smaller groups of mostly 50 to several hundred people, the crowd, led by Kurt Bär and his people, marched through the old town in front of the Jewish property until 11 p.m. With shouts such as “Jews must get out”, house and apartment entrance doors were opened by force and 29 Jewish men and 6 women, some of them in nightgowns, were accompanied to prison under abuse and were taken into “protective custody”. The perpetrators were SA men, citizens and police officers as well as the first mayor Münch. The number of those involved in the acts of violence is given as 750 to 1500 people. These events occurred on a few streets in the center. Two men were killed in the violence. Around 11 p.m. the secret organizer of the pogrom, Obersturmbannführer Karl Bär, came to the prison. He released the women and detained the men until the next evening. The attacks were reported in the press around the world: New York Times , Manchester Guardian and the Neue Wiener Journal . This prompted the Nazis to open court proceedings in Ansbach . In the following two trials, the judges spoke of the pogrom as a “cleansing thunderstorm”. The two Jewish residents who died were once the 65-year-old privateer Max Rosenau. He had inflicted stab wounds on himself for fear of the mob breaking into his house, which led to his death. And on the other hand, the 30-year-old businessman Jakob Rosenfelder, a Social Democrat who was found hanged in a shed. The trial of 24 SA members who were involved in the incident was a constitutional farce. The majority of the SA people were sentenced to low prison terms. But they remained at large. A few weeks later one of the ringleaders, 22-year-old Obersturmführer Kurt Baer, ​​shot Julius Strauss and seriously injured his father. Both had testified against him before the district court in Ansbach . Bär was sentenced to life imprisonment, but was released after three years.

One day before the Reichspogromnacht in 1938, the city bought the synagogue from the Israelite religious community , so it was spared from pillage as a municipal property due to the intervention of the district fire inspector Wilhelm Braun. A week later, symbolically, the domes were brought down. The Jewish cemetery on Leonhardsruhstrasse was also desecrated and largely destroyed, the remains were repaired in 1948, which is a memorial stone. At the beginning of November 1938, 64 Jewish citizens are said to have lived in Gunzenhausen. In January 1939 the declaration of the " Jew-free city" followed. The synagogue was used commercially until it was demolished in 1981.

Air raid : On April 16, 1945, 100 Martin B-26 “Marauder” bombers of the US 9th Air Fleet attacked Gunzenhausen in five waves . 358 buildings were destroyed and 141 residents were killed, including 46 children. A few days later, US troops occupied the city.

After 1945

June 2019 Gunzenhausen was supported by a gypsy moth infested -Plage.


In the course of the municipal reform , 14 previously independent municipalities came to Gunzenhausen. On April 1, 1971, the communities of Cronheim , Laubenzedel, Nordstetten, Pflaumfeld, Schlungenhof, Stetten, Streudorf, Unterasbach, Unterwurmbach and Wald were incorporated. On July 1, 1971, Oberasbach was added. Büchelberg followed on January 1, 1978. Aha and Frickenfelden completed the series of incorporations on May 1, 1978.


City council election 2020
Turnout: 55.4% (2014: 57.4%)
Gains and losses
compared to 2014
 % p

City council

The city ​​council is the municipal representative body in Gunzenhausen. The citizens decide on the composition every six years. The last election took place on March 15, 2020.

Distribution of seats in 2020 in the city council
A total of 24 seats


Karl-Heinz Fitz (CSU) has been First Mayor since March 2020. He had previously been elected second mayor by the local council on March 16, 2014 with 50.5% of the valid votes, replacing Joachim Federschmidt (SPD), who was only slightly defeated by 49.5% in this election.

coat of arms

Gunzenhausen coat of arms
Blazon : "A golden half-timbered house in blue over a silver wave beam."

Community partnerships

Gunzenhausen has partnerships with the French Isle in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region (since 1985) and with the US-American Frankenmuth in Michigan (since 1962).

In 1954 the sponsorship for the displaced Sudeten Germans from the city of Weipert in the Ore Mountains was taken over, and in 1996 for the community of Auschowitz in the Marienbad district .


Evangelical Marienkirche

Evangelical City Church (Marienkirche)

The late Gothic Protestant town church of St. Maria (1448–1496) stands on the foundation walls of a Romanesque predecessor building on the site of the former Roman fort and contains medieval frescoes, in particular a large-scale St. Christopher wall painting. The tomb of the knight Paul von Absberg († 1503) with a dog lying at the knight's feet as an attribute, which today adorns tourist flyers as "Kiri the church dog", is also preserved from the Gothic period. After remodeling in the 18th century, a crucifix in front of the triumphal arch and a pulpit designed by the margravial court sculptor Giuseppe Volpini are part of the interior. The choir windows were designed by Hans Gottfried von Stockhausen in 1990.

Hospital Church

Hospital Church

The Heilig-Geist-Kirche (Spitalkirche) was founded in 1352 by knight Burkhard von Seckendorff; rebuilt in the baroque style , u. a. with a rich stucco ceiling , it was built in 1701. The medieval hospital building burned down in the Thirty Years War . A new building from 1761 based on plans by Johann David Steingruber was a retirement home until 1969 and a youth center after renovation in 1980. A model on the outer wall of the hospital church documents the appearance of the entire complex around 1728. The Limes with a watchtower once ran through the middle of the area. In the 13th century, the city castle of the Counts of Truhendingen stood on its remains in this area, which fell into disrepair after the family died out in the 16th century and nothing has survived.

Catholic parish church St. Marien

Catholic parish church St. Marien, from the west

On May 1, 1960, the Catholic Marienkirche was inaugurated by the Eichstätter Bishop Joseph Schröffer . She has the patronage of the Immaculate Conception . It was built by the Ingolstadt architect Josef Elfinger from limestone from the Altmühljura.


  • A piece of the battlements and three towers have been preserved from the medieval city fortifications : the Blasturm (15th century), the Färberturm (around 1300) and the Stork Tower (around 1450). The blow tower, built in 1466 and raised in 1603, got its name from the fact that the town band used to play its festival choirs and the town music master played hymns from the tower on public holidays. The Färberturm (also called Diebsturm) belonged to the Weißenburger Tor, which was demolished in 1827. The Storchenturm (also known as the Three Brothers Tower) was badly damaged in the Thirty Years' War and converted into a residential building in the 18th century; it is now privately owned.
  • The historic market square is characterized by important baroque buildings that either came into being during the reign of the “ Wild Margrave ” or were given their present-day appearance: today's town hall (in this role since 1974), a complex originally made up of two separate buildings in the 16th century, was his Residence where he died in 1757. The city bailiwick (built in 1749/50), the former administrative building on the market square (1726, since 1805 city pharmacy), the Palais Heydenab (residence of a margravial bailiff, today a bank) and the Zocha-Palais (today the city ​​museum ) all date from the same era . The Sparkasse had a carillon with figure carousel built.
  • The former hunting lodge of the "Wild Margrave" (1749) with a spacious courtyard garden and historical trees is located above the town center and has been used as the guest house for events since 1982.
  • Several half-timbered houses are spread across the cityscape. The most noticeable one, which a corporal of the "Wild Margrave" had built in 1753, is located near the Altmühl. There are Erzgebirge exhibits from Gunzenhausen's twin town Vejprty (German Weipert).
  • Remnants of the Limes ( UNESCO World Heritage Site since 2005) in the Burgstallwald east of the city were restored in 1980. A signposted hiking trail leads to a reconstructed picket fence and a watchtower.
  • The Altmühlpromenade and the Altmühlsee are popular leisure areas in summer. This also includes the sports and leisure pools Waldbad am Limes and Solebad Juramare.
  • Gunzenhausen houses the so-called auxiliary hospital Gunzenhausen in order to be able to care for patients in the event of a nuclear attack . It was built in 1965 and can be visited.
  • The Schorschbock 57, the most alcoholic beer in Germany with 57.5% alcohol by volume , is brewed in the Schorschbräu brewery.

Architectural monuments



Gunzenhäuser parish fair

The Gunzenhäuser Kirchweih (Franconian "Kerwa" or "Körwa") is an annual folk festival on the Schießwasen. Initially, the consecration of the town church of St. Maria , which took place under Otto von Eichstätt , was celebrated on Trinity . In 1401 Frederick V gave the city the right to hold an eight-day fair on Pentecost. For the rededication of the hospital church in 1601, the date was moved to the birth of the Virgin Mary (in September). From 1884 the parish fair was expanded into a commercial folk festival. A flower parade has been taking place since 1912. During the two world wars, the fair was interrupted.

Economy and Infrastructure


The Gunzenhausen train station is located near railroad tracks Treuchtlingen-Würzburg , Gunzenhausen Pleinfeld and Nördlingen-Gunzenhausen . Only museum railways and freight trains run on the latter. Gunzenhausen is also on federal roads 13 and 466 . Local public transport is ensured by the transport association for the greater Nuremberg area .

The following long-distance cycle routes run through the city :

Two long-distance hiking trails in the Altmühltal Nature Park start in Gunzenhausen:

East of Gunzenhausen, the Limesweg (route 46) of the Franconian Alb Association leads about 39 km to Wilburgstetten an der Wörnitz , where the Limes hiking trail of the Swabian Alb Association connects.

East of Gunzenhausen there is a small aerodrome , the aerodrome Gunzenhausen-Reutberg with paved runway. From there tourist flights over the Franconian Lake District are possible.

Established businesses

  • Schaeffler Plant Gunzenhausen, formerly GMN, (automotive supplier engine components)
  • Headquarters of the Feurich upright and grand piano factory founded in Leipzig in 1851
  • Headquarters of the internationally active boiler manufacturer now Bosch Industriekessel , formerly Loos International
  • Headquarters of the internet hosting company Hetzner Online GmbH
  • Headquarters Pressmetall Gunzenhausen [PMG] GmbH & Co. KG (automotive supplier)
  • Müller + Ziegler GmbH & Co. KG, factory for electrical measuring devices
  • Kaspar Lüther GmbH & Co. KG, zinc die-cast products as well as turned and milled parts


The weekly advertising paper Stadtzeitung Weißenburg appears in the city . The local daily newspaper is the Altmühl-Bote, founded in 1849 .




The Gunzenhausen District Hospital is located in the southern part of Gunzenhausen am Reutberg. Together with the district hospital in Weißenburg, it belongs to the Altmühlfranken Clinic .


The vehicle registration authority is one of the few district authorities in the Weißenburg-Gunzenhausen district to have a secondary service in Gunzenhausen. The Weißenburg employment agency has an office in Gunzenhausen. The city also has the tax office and a police station, which is also responsible for water protection police tasks in the region.

In 2015, as part of the relocation of authorities to strengthen rural areas , the Bavarian state government decided to establish a state office for schools , which was set up in Gunzenhausen from 2016 and started operations at the beginning of 2017. The examination office of the Bavarian State Ministry for Education and Culture, Science and Art , whose branch has been Gunzenhausen since 2017 , is also affiliated .

City personalities

sons and daughters of the town

Working in Gunzenhausen

  • Heinrich Stephani (1761–1850), theologian and educator; Dean in Gunzenhausen
  • Heinrich Eidam (1849–1934), chief medical officer and Limes researcher
  • Johann Appler (1892–1978), member of the Reichstag; Mayor of Gunzenhausen during the National Socialism
  • Ernst Lechner (1925–2013), former member of the state parliament and vice-president of the Bavarian state parliament
  • Ingo Friedrich (* 1942), Vice President of the European Parliament ; lives in Gunzenhausen
  • JD Salinger (1919-2010), American writer; was employed after the Second World War as an employee of the US intelligence service in Gunzenhausen


Web links

Commons : Gunzenhausen  - Collection of images, videos and audio files
Wikivoyage: Gunzenhausen  - travel guide

Individual evidence

  1. "Data 2" sheet, Statistical Report A1200C 202041 Population of the municipalities, districts and administrative districts 1st quarter 2020 (population based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
  2. Geodetic Reference Point Gunzenhausen ( Memento of September 8, 2015 in the Internet Archive ), Bavarian Surveying Administration, accessed on August 17, 2015.
  3. Gunzenhausen community in the local database of the Bavarian State Library Online . Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, accessed on December 25, 2019.
  4. Annual report of the historical association in the Rezat district, Volume 6, p. 7.
  5. ^ Gunnar Beutner: The Gunzenhausen Pogrom 1934 - Beginnings of Nazi Terror in West Central Franconia. In: Heike Tagsold (Ed.): “What do we need an order when it comes against Jews?” The Gunzenhausen pogrom 1934. Antogo Verlag, Nuremberg 2006, ISBN 3-938286-04-0 , (= Nuremberg Institute for NS Research and Jewish history of the 20th century eV (Ed.): Hefte zur Regionalgeschichte, No. 4), p. 7ff.
  6. ^ Wolfram Selig: Pogrom von Gunzenhausen. In Wolfgang Benz (Ed.): Handbook of Antisemitism Volume 4: Events, Decrees, Controversies. KG Saur, 2011, ISBN 3-11-025514-6 , p. 274 ff.
  7. ^ Gunnar Beutner: The Gunzenhausen pogrom 1934. Beginnings of the Nazi terror in Gunzenhausen. In Heike Tagsoll: ›What do we need an order‹ .. , Nuremberg 2006.
  8. Ulrike Jureit: Pictures of an uncanny transformation: The mobilized province in the Third Reich. In Thomas Medicus (ed.): Fatal change. Views from the Province 1933–1949. 129ff. Hamburg 2016, ISBN 978-3-86854-302-5 .
  9. ^ Gunnar Beutner: The Gunzenhausen Pogrom 1934 - Beginnings of Nazi Terror in West Central Franconia. In: Heike Tagsold (Ed.): “What do we need an order when it comes against Jews?” The Gunzenhausen pogrom 1934. Antogo Verlag, Nuremberg 2006, ISBN 3-938286-04-0 , (= Nuremberg Institute for NS -Research and Jewish history of the 20th century e.V. (Ed.): Hefte zur Regionalgeschichte, No. 4), p. 10.
  10. Gunzenhausen high school students touched hot iron. Still a street named after Nazi mayor. In: Altmühl-Bote , June 28, 2003.
  11. Gunzenhausen high school students touched hot iron. Still a street named after Nazi mayor. In: Altmühl-Bote , June 28, 2003. Compare: The DGD in Nazi times. Declaration of March 4, 1999 on the Hensoltshöhe Foundation's website, accessed on June 7, 2017.
  12. ^ Wolfram Selig: Pogrom von Gunzenhausen. In Wolfgang Benz (Hrsg.): Handbuch des Antisemitismus. Volume 4: Events, Decrees, Controversies. KG Saur, 2011, ISBN 3-11-025514-6 , p. 275.
  13. ^ Gunnar Beutner: The Gunzenhausen Pogrom 1934 - Beginnings of Nazi Terror in West Central Franconia. In: Heike Tagsold (Ed.): “What do we need an order when it comes against Jews?” The Gunzenhausen pogrom 1934. Nuremberg 2006, pp. 14-18.
  14. Werner Falk: An early hatred of Jews. In: Nürnberger Nachrichten of March 25, 2009, accessed on June 7, 2017.
  15. Thomas Medicus (Ed.): Fatal change. Views from the Province 1933–1949. Hamburg 2016, ISBN 978-3-86854-302-5 . P. 15f.
  16. Memorial sites for the victims of National Socialism. A documentation, volume 1. Federal Agency for Civic Education, Bonn 1995, ISBN 3-89331-208-0 , p. 144.
  17. ^ Stephanie middle school Gunzenhausen: Jewish life in Gunzenhausen. (illustrated)
  18. ^ Commemoration of the victims of the air attack on Gunzenhausen 70 years ago . April 15, 2015.
  19. chs / dpa: Gypsy moth: caterpillar plague in Gunzenhausen and Gera. In: Spiegel Online . June 18, 2019, accessed May 9, 2020 .
  20. ^ Wilhelm Volkert (ed.): Handbook of Bavarian offices, communities and courts 1799–1980 . CH Beck, Munich 1983, ISBN 3-406-09669-7 , p. 477 .
  21. ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 730 .
  22. Mayor of Gunzenhausen after the Second World War. Gunzenhausen community, accessed on August 9, 2020 .
  23. Entry on the Gunzenhausen coat of arms  in the database of the House of Bavarian History
  24. Cathérine Simon: Cold War: The last bunker for the victims of nuclear war. In: . June 3, 2015, accessed October 7, 2018 .
  25. 614 years Gunzenhäuser Kirchweih , City of Gunzenhausen, accessed on October 28, 2015.
  26. ^ Path 46: Limes path of the Franconian Alb Association
  27. Offices with water protection police tasks , Bavarian Police , accessed on November 24, 2015.
  28. New State Office for WUG: Municipalities can apply as a location ( memento from March 10, 2015 in the Internet Archive ), BR, accessed on March 30, 2015
  29. Bernd Noack: Gunzenhausen's secret hero. In: . September 22, 2009, accessed May 9, 2020 .
  30. ^ Cord Aschenbrenner: A Franconian town and a pogrom. In: June 25, 2014, accessed May 9, 2020 .