Otto Geigenberger (born June 6, 1881 in Wasserburg am Inn , † July 6, 1946 in Ulm ) was a German painter .
He was a son of the sculptor Heinrich Geigenberger . Out of six siblings, Paul became a sculptor, August a well-known caricaturist and illustrator . His children, the twins Anneliese and Hanns-Otto Geigenberger, were born in 1914 and later studied painting and graphics at the Munich Academy. He was a member of the German Association of Artists .
Otto Geigenberger studied painting in Munich at the Königliche Kunstgewerbeschule in Munich under Max Arthur Stremel and Maximilian Dasio . At the Polytechnic he graduated as a drawing teacher . After brief teaching at woodcut schools in Oberammergau and Berchtesgaden , he settled in Munich as a freelance painter in 1905 and married. With his brother August he founded a craft workshop for children's book illustrations and children's toy designs. Geigenberger spent six months on study trips to Paris , one year to Rome to the Villa Massimo , and also to southern France , Luxembourg , Belgium , Holland , Austria and, above all, to Italy , where he painted watercolors in various places every year.
During the National Socialist era , Geigenberger's pictures were judged inconsistently. On February 12, 1937, at a meeting of the municipal art advisory board of the City of Munich in the presence of the Reich Chamber of Culture President and Commissioner for the Separation of Degenerate Art Adolf Ziegler, 255 objects of art - mainly pictures - were separated from the municipal art gallery and banned to the depots. Below was a picture of Geigenberger. On August 25 of the same year, a new commission headed by Ziegler confiscated a painting by Geigenberger in the old Pinakothek of the Bayerische Staatsgemäldesammlung in addition to 109 pictures. On the other hand, reproductions of Geigenberger's pictures were printed in the magazines Deutsche Kunst für alle (1938, 1939, 1941, 1942) and Westermanns Monatshefte (1937, 1938), among others . Wilhelm Rüdiger published an article on his 60th birthday in the leading art magazine Die Kunst im Deutschen Reich in 1941 . In 1943/44 he was banned from painting and selling. In 1944 he was invited to the exhibition of German artists and the SS in Breslau with the picture “Hünengräber in Heide bei Fallingbostel”.
His works are in state and municipal museums and in the hands of various collectors at home and abroad. Otto Geigenberger received the Albrecht Dürer Medal from the city of Nuremberg. He was a member of the Munich Secession , the Berlin Secession , the Association of Berlin Artists and, after 1945, the New Group in Munich and the Ulm Artists' Guild .
His closer painter friends included Josef Kutter , Anton Kerschbaumer , Julius Sailer , Florian Bosch , Max Liebermann , Rudolf Großmann , Leo Putz and the sculptor Bernhard Bleeker .
On July 6, 1946, he died unexpectedly after an operation in Ulm.
Honors and prizes
The cities of Munich and Wasserburg am Inn have named streets after Otto Geigenberger.
- 1928: Albrecht Dürer Prize and the Dürer Medal.
- 1934/35: Study guest stay in the Villa Massimo , Rome.
- 1940: Participation in the Great German Art Exhibition
- Geigenberger, Otto . In: General Artist Lexicon . The visual artists of all times and peoples (AKL). Volume 51, Saur, Munich a. a. 2006, ISBN 3-598-22791-4 , p. 61.
- Geigenberger, Otto . In: Hans Vollmer (Hrsg.): General Lexicon of Fine Artists of the XX. Century. tape 2 : E-J . EA Seemann, Leipzig 1955, p. 217 .
- Otto G [Eigenberger]. In: Ulrich Thieme (Hrsg.): General Lexicon of Fine Artists from Antiquity to the Present . Founded by Ulrich Thieme and Felix Becker . tape 13 : Gaab-Gibus . EA Seemann, Leipzig 1920, p. 340–341 ( Text Archive - Internet Archive ). In the entry of his brother August (1875–1909).
- Mortimer G. Davidson (Ed.): Art in Germany 1933-1945. Painting. Volume 2/1 ISBN 3-87847-095-9 , and Volume 2/2 ISBN 3-87847-096-7 . Grabert, Tübingen 1991. Volume 2/1: Three illustrations No. 391 to 393; Volume 2/2: Short biography in German, English, French p. 294 f.
- Jobst Knigge : The Villa Massimo in Rome 1933–1943 - Struggle for artistic independence. 2013 ( edoc.hu-berlin.de PDF).
- Literature by and about Otto Geigenberger in the catalog of the German National Library
- Otto Geigenberger. A résumé.
- ↑ kuenstlerbund.de: Full members of the Deutscher Künstlerbund since it was founded in 1903 / Geigenberger, Otto ( Memento of the original from March 4, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (accessed on August 3, 2015).
- ↑ a b Jobst Knigge: The Villa Massimo. 2013, p. 88.
- ^ Armin Second: Franz Hofmann and the municipal gallery. In Klaus-Peter Schuster: National Socialism and “Degenerate Art”, the “Art City” Munich 1937. Munich 1987, revised 5th edition, Munich 1998, ISBN 3-7913-1888-8 . Pp. 275-279.
- ^ Dagmar Lott-Reschke: Munich's New State Gallery in the Third Reich . In Klaus-Peter Schuster: National Socialism and “Degenerate Art”, the “Art City” Munich 1937. Munich 1987, revised 5th edition, Munich 1998, ISBN 3-7913-1888-8 . P. 292 f.
- ↑ Geigenberger, Otto . In: Hans Vollmer (Hrsg.): General Lexicon of Fine Artists of the XX. Century. tape 2 : E-J . EA Seemann, Leipzig 1955, p. 217 .
- ↑ a b Geigenberger, Otto . In: General Artist Lexicon . The visual artists of all times and peoples (AKL). Volume 51, Saur, Munich a. a. 2006, ISBN 3-598-22791-4 , p. 61.
- ↑ a b Mortimer G. Davidson: Art in Germany 1933–1945, painting. Volume 2/2, p. 294.
- ^ Jobst Knigge: The Villa Massimo…. 2013, p. 15.
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German painter|
|DATE OF BIRTH||June 6, 1881|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Wasserburg am Inn|
|DATE OF DEATH||July 6, 1946|
|Place of death||Ulm|