Heinz Rauch

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Heinz Rauch (born November 23, 1914 in Schönefeld near Leipzig , † December 19, 1962 in Warsaw ) was a German politician ( KPD / SED ), Spain and resistance fighter . He was head of the State Central Administration for Statistics and a member of the GDR Council of Ministers .


Rauch came from a working class family. After completing his banking apprenticeship, he found a job at Dresdner Bank . In 1933 he joined the KPD in Leipzig . In July 1933 he emigrated to Sweden via Denmark . In August 1934, Rauch achieved a certain amount of publicity through an extradition request and also got in touch with the well-known Swedish lawyer Georg Branting (1887-1965), son of the former Swedish Prime Minister Hjalmar Branting (1860-1925). He was arrested in November 1934. In 1935/36 he worked as a tool fitter in Stockholm . In the summer of 1936, Rauch went to Spain and took part in the Spanish Civil War as a member of the International Brigades . First he was with the XIV., Then with the XI. Brigade. He attended the Pozo Rubio officer's school near Albacete . After being seriously wounded, he was made a lieutenant . In 1938 Rauch was transferred to the Spanish Communist Party . In the same year Rauch returned to Sweden. From 1940 he was a member of the exile leadership of the KPD. In 1940 he married the Swedish communist Märta Jansson (1919–1962). In July 1940 he went to Norway for several months to do illegal work with German soldiers . In 1941, Rauch was commissioned to contact the illegal Central Committee of the Communist Party of Norway in Oslo . On March 2, 1942, Rauch was expatriated at the instigation of the National Socialists (List 264). In 1944 he was a delegate of the KPD state conference in Sweden.

Rauch met via Danzig on January 19, 1946 - with Georg Henke (1908–1986), Sepp Miller (1883–1964), Wolfgang Steinitz (1905–1967) and Paul Verner (1911–1986) - at the Stettiner Bahnhof in Berlin a. At his own request, he went back to his Saxon homeland and attended the state party school in Ottendorf until March 1946 . In April 1946 he was a participant in the Berlin KPD party congress and the unification party convention of the SPD and KPD to the SED . In 1946/47 he was the SED secretary in Bautzen and a member of the Eastern Saxony district committee, and in 1947/48 head of the Soviet news office for Eastern Saxony. In 1947 Rauch became a member of the Association of Those Persecuted by the Nazi Regime . From 1948 to 1950 he was head of the agitation department at the federal board of the Free German Trade Union Federation in Berlin. In 1948 the family followed him to the Soviet occupation zone . His wife Märta got a job in foreign trade . In November 1950 Rauch was appointed press officer in the Ministry of Labor and in February 1951 as chairman of a review commission in the government apparatus. From 1951 he worked as a consultant at the Central Statistical Office, from January 1952 as the head's first deputy. After a correspondence course at the party college "Karl Marx" in Berlin (1953-1955) and a visit to the party college at the Central Committee of the CPSU in Moscow (1956/57) Rauch succeeded Fritz Behrens in October 1957 as head of the state central administration for statistics. On July 19, 1958, he was appointed a member of the State Planning Commission and on July 4, 1962, a member of the Council of Ministers of the GDR. Since the 4th party congress of the SED in April 1954 he was a member of the Central Revision Commission of the SED.

Rauch was killed with his wife and two of his three sons on December 19, 1962 in a plane crash near Warsaw Airport .



Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ New Germany of July 20, 1958.
  2. ^ New Germany of July 5, 1962.
  3. ^ New Germany of April 7, 1954.
  4. ^ Po tragicznej katastrofie "Viscounta" na Okęciu: Ustalono już listę ofiar katastrofy . In: Dziennik Bałtycki . tape XVIII , no. 302 . Danzig December 21, 1962, p. 1–2 ( online [accessed May 13, 2013]).