Hermann Röhrs

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Hermann Röhrs (born October 21, 1915 in Hamburg ; † October 11, 2012 in Heidelberg ) was a German educator and full professor at the University of Heidelberg .

life and work

Röhrs took part in the Second World War in Russia as an infantryman. This war interrupted his almost completed dissertation with Wilhelm Flitner . After the fifth wound in the winter of 1944/1945, a stay in a hospital allowed him to finish his dissertation after all. Röhrs then worked as a comparative educational scientist at the University of Hamburg , at the Mannheim Business School , at the University of Marburg and in Heidelberg ( Christian Theobald Caselmann took over the chair of educational science at the Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg in 1958 ) and worked in the World Association for Renewal of education (WEE) with. He is considered the spiritual father of the International Comprehensive School Heidelberg (IGH) and the nestor of German peace education . In this context he also dealt with the thoughts of the Reformed theologian and Irishman Johann Amos Comenius , who studied at Heidelberg University from 1613 to 1614 and is considered one of the founders of education at the beginning of modern times.

He determined peace as the goal for an anthropological-ethical process of humanizing school life, as a process of satisfying one's coming to oneself in the sense of self-agreement that leads to the finding of the self. This liberation is at the center of his philosophy: It is tied to the other and the responsibility to be borne for him, if man is to become a being ready, able and ready for peace in an epoch of world peace. The dialogic principle of the Jewish religious philosopher Martin Buber is essential : "To approach others" characterizes the basic attitude of peace education for Röhrs. Peace education and education for peace are central tasks of schools.

For him, work schools , experiential education and reform education are becoming the core of a modern world education . With Aloys Fischer , Georg Kerschensteiner and other innovators in the educational movement, he advocates a variety of equivalent courses of study, institutions and teacher personalities that can do justice to the work class and at the same time the character, the emotional experience and the individuality of the students.

Röhrs also supervised theses at the nursing school of the University of Heidelberg , which dealt with questions of care and education in poorer continents. Together with the political scientist Dolf Sternberger, he got involved with female students who did not receive any financial support from home because their father refused to study women.

Röhrs is also known for his writings on Jean-Jacques Rousseau and on " History of Education and Philosophy" (complete edition, vol. 13), which have been published several times . A complete edition is available: The "Allgemeine Erziehungswissenschaft" (Vol. 1), "The School in Modern Society" (Vol. 2), "Comparative and International Educational Science", (Vol. 3), "Peace Education" (Vol. 4 and 8), "Sport and Games" (Vol. 5), "The Pedagogy of the Third World", (Vol. 9), "The Reform Pedagogy and Internal Educational Reform", (Vol. 12) and "The Studies on Pedagogy of the Present "(Vol. 14).

The "Memories and Experiences - Perspectives for the Future" (Vol. 11) begin around 1925 with childhood, include the post-war period and Weimar, the Hitler regime, the student days and the university career.

In addition to internationality, interdisciplinarity was one of Hermann Röhrs' main goals, which set him apart like no other. In the mid-1960s, at Röhrs' suggestion, work began on an interdisciplinary colloquium on youth problems, which included Johannes Rudert, Alexander Mitscherlich , Carl Friedrich Graumann , Ernst Topitsch , Heinz Leferenz and Herbert Krimm .

The successor to Hermann Röhrs on the Heidelberg chair was the educationalist Volker Lenhart .

Fonts (selection)

As an author

  • with Morio Hasegawa: Yūgi to supōtso. Sport and play - a mutual relationship, Tamagawa Daigaku Shuppanbu Tokyo 1987 (in Japanese script).
  • Reform pedagogy. Origin and course from an international point of view , 3rd ed. Dt. Studien-Verlag Weinheim 1991 (1st + 2nd ed. Schroedel Verl. Hannover), ISBN 978-3-89271-265-7 .
  • Collected Writings . 15 volumes, including: Volume 12: Reform pedagogy and internal educational reform. Deutscher Studienverlag, Weinheim 1998, ISBN 3-89271-825-3
  • The schools of reform education today. Handbook of educational reform school ideas and school reality. Cornelsen Verlag , Berlin 1994, ISBN 3-590-14480-7
  • Reform pedagogy and its prospects for educational reform. Auer Verlag , Donauwörth 1991, ISBN 3-403-02103-3

As editor

  • Social pedagogy and its theory. Academic series: selection of representative texts, pedagogy. Academic Publishing Company, Frankfurt 1968


  • Volker Lenhart , Ulrich Baumann et al. (Ed.): Comparative educational science. Festschrift for Hermann Röhrs on his 65th birthday , Akad. Verl.-Ges. Wiesbaden 1981.
  • Christine R. Auer: Hermann Röhrs: Language acquisition in "International Preparatory Classes," examples from his correspondence , University Archives Heidelberg Rep. 211, November 2017.

Web links


  1. a b Laudation Volker Lenhart for Hermann Röhrs: In: Correspondence Educational Science Seminar University of Heidelberg, Rep. 211/119 , University Archives Heidelberg.
  2. ^ Website of the World Association for the Renewal of Education
  3. so z. B. Thesis Luise von Buch (further training as a teaching nurse): On the question of African thinking and Western learning. The background of educational difficulties and tasks in adult education using the example of Malawi , sister school of the University of Heidelberg 1971 (70 sheets), co-supervisors Dietrich Ritschl and Hans-Werner Gensichen , estate of the sister school Uni HD Acc 43/08, as well as correspondence from the educational science seminar at Heidelberg University , Rep. 211/202, vol. Heidelberg University Archives.
  4. ^ Correspondence of the Educational Science Seminar University of Heidelberg , University Archives Heidelberg Rep. 211/215.
  5. 29 texts from classics of social education, arranged according to 5 chapters