Friedrich Hermann Rein (born February 8, 1898 in Mitwitz , Upper Franconia ; † May 14, 1953 in Göttingen ) was a German physiologist and university professor .
Hermann Rein graduated from high school in Schweinfurt with the Abitur. After his participation in the First World War as a naval pilot, he first joined the "Eiserne Schar" free corps. Rein studied natural sciences (physics) from February 1919 and soon afterwards medicine at the University of Würzburg and from 1921 in Munich . He worked at the Physiological Institute in Würzburg with Maximilian von Frey , where he received his doctorate in medicine in 1924 . In 1926 he received his habilitation in physiology in Freiburg im Breisgau . In the same year he accepted a professorship for physiology in Freiburg and in 1932 moved to the University of Göttingen as a full professor , turned the largely insignificant Institute of Physiology into a globally recognized teaching and research facility and advocated his “non-Aryan” colleague Rudolf Ehrenberg a. As early as 1932 Rein was a member of the German Academy of Natural Scientists "Leopoldina" . In 1933 he was elected a full member of the Göttingen Academy of Sciences .
On November 11, 1933, he signed the professors' commitment to Adolf Hitler and the National Socialist state at German universities and colleges . Although Rein did not join the NSDAP , he became a sponsoring member of the SS in 1934 and joined the NS-Fliegerkorps . From 1937 he was director of the Aviation Medical Research Institute, which was subordinate to the Reich Aviation Ministry under Hermann Göring . Because of the double burden, he was released from teaching. After the beginning of the Second World War , he became a senior war doctor and consulting physiologist in the Air Force . On August 18, 1942, Adolf Hitler appointed him extraordinary member of the Scientific Senate of the Army. In October 1942 he was one of the speakers at the conference “Medical Questions in Distress at Sea and Winter Death”, which reported on human experiments in the Dachau concentration camp . In 1943 Rein founded a branch of the Aeronautical Medical Research Institute in Göttingen . Together with Hubertus Strughold , Franz Büchner , Theodor Benzinger and Siegfried Ruff , he was one of the coordinators of the entire aviation medical science during National Socialism. In 1944 he was accepted into the scientific advisory board of the General Commissioner for Sanitary and Health Care , Karl Brandt . In 1942 he was elected a corresponding member of the Prussian Academy of Sciences .
After the Second World War, Rein, who had already been certified as anti-National Socialist during the “Third Reich” in 1945, became rector of the University of Göttingen in 1946 and wrote the university publication The Present Situation of the University . In 1952 he became director of the Max Planck Institute for Medical Research and Physiology in Heidelberg. Since 1949 he was a full member of the German Academy of Sciences in Berlin .
Since 1936, Rein has been the author or co-author of the university textbook and standard work Introduction to Human Physiology , in which all areas of human physiology are presented in detail, in detail and comprehensively. In the meantime, the Rein- Schneider is available in numerous revisions with the cooperation of appropriate specialist authors. 1977 appeared human physiology in a 19th revised edition, Springer-Verlag (Berlin, Heidelberg, New York) editors were Robert F. Schmidt and Gerhard Thews .
The Society for Microcirculation and Vascular Biology awards a Hermann Rein Prize in memory of Hermann Rein.
Awards and honors
- In 1929 Rein was awarded the Adolf Fick Prize . This is considered to be the most important award in the field of German-speaking physiology.
- 1943 Cothenius Medal from the Leopoldina
- Hermann Rein Prize for outstanding achievements in the field of experimental or clinical research in microcirculation and vascular biology, donated by Deutschland GmbH; the prize is endowed with € 2,000
- Hermann-Rein-Strasse in Göttingen
- The direct current conductor properties and electromotive forces of the human skin and their evaluation for the investigation of functional states of the organ. JF Lehmann, Munich (1926). In: magazine f. Biol. Vol. 85, pp. 195-247; Freiburg i. B., Med. Hab.-Schr., 1926
- Introduction to human physiology. J. Springer, Berlin 1936. XI, 464 p. M. 366 Fig.
- (and staff): Practical course in physiology. Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Göttingen 1942 (3rd completely revised edition)
- Gerhard Müller-Strahl: Rein, Hermann. In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 21, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 2003, ISBN 3-428-11202-4 , p. 340 f. ( Digitized version ).
- International Biographical Archive 27/1953 of June 22, 1953
- Ernst Klee : The dictionary of persons on the Third Reich . Who was what before and after 1945 . 2nd Edition. Fischer-Taschenbuch-Verlag, Frankfurt am Main 2007, ISBN 978-3-596-16048-8 .
- Rainer Driever: Hermann Rein 1898–1953 , Göttingen City Archives 2014 (extensive curriculum vitae based on archive holdings)
- Volker Zimmermann: Medicine in Göttingen during the National Socialist dictatorship. In: Würzburg medical history reports. Volume 9, 1991, pp. 393-416; here: pp. 405–408.
- Katharina Trittel: Hermann Rein and aviation medicine. Striving for knowledge and delimitation . Paderborn: Ferdinand Schöningh 2018. ISBN 978-3-506-79219-8 .
- Literature by and about Hermann Rein in the catalog of the German National Library
- ^ Esther Abel: K. Trittel: Hermann Rein and the aviation medicine. Reviewed for H-Soz-Kult. H-Soz-Kult , April 10, 2019, accessed April 14, 2019 .
- ↑ a b c d e f Ernst Klee : The personal dictionary for the Third Reich. Who was what before and after 1945 . Fischer Taschenbuch Verlag, second updated edition, Frankfurt am Main 2005, ISBN 978-3-596-16048-8 , p. 486.
- ^ Christiane Borschel: The Physiological Institute of the University of Göttingen 1840 to the present. Medical dissertation Göttingen 1987, p. 153.
- ↑ Holger Krahnke: The members of the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen 1751-2001 (= Treatises of the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen, Philological-Historical Class. Volume 3, Vol. 246 = Treatises of the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen, Mathematical-Physical Class. Episode 3, vol. 50). Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Göttingen 2001, ISBN 3-525-82516-1 , p. 199.
- ↑ Karl Heinz Roth : Deadly Heights: The negative pressure chamber experiments in the Dachau concentration camp and their significance for aeronautical research of the ›Third Reich‹ . In Ebbinghaus / Dörner: Structures, paradigms and mentalities in aeronautical research of the ›Third Reich‹ 1933 to 1941: The way to the Dachau concentration camp . In: 1999. Journal for the Social History of the 20th and 21st Century 15 (2000), Issue 2, pp. 49–77, especially pp. 52 and 55
- ↑ Ulrich Beushausen u. a .: The medical faculty in the Third Reich . In H.Becker / H.-J.Dahms / C.Wegeler (eds.): The University of Göttingen under National Socialism . Munich 1998, pp. 183-286
- ^ Members of the previous academies. Hermann Rein. Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences , accessed June 1, 2015 .
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Rein, Friedrich Hermann|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German physiologist and university professor|
|DATE OF BIRTH||February 8, 1898|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Mitwitz , Upper Franconia|
|DATE OF DEATH||May 14, 1953|
|Place of death||Goettingen|