Lords of Hirrlingen

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Entry in the Württemberg register of nobility and arms

The Lords of Hirrlingen were a medieval south-west German noble family who named themselves after the place Hirrlingen .

In the year 1000, the couple Werner and Himiltrud, later connected to the Hirrlingers, founded the Hugshofen monastery in the Alsatian Weilertal. Folmar, probably Werner's son and Himiltrud, then transferred the Hirrlingian monastery to the Strasbourg bishop's church in 1061 . But the Hirrlingers continued to exercise the bailiwick through the Benedictine monastic community . Kuno, Werner's son, and his wife Uta were related to the Hirsau Monastery at the turn of the 11th to the 12th century , perhaps the abbot Folmar von Hirsau (1120–1156) was a son of both.

Ulrich (I.) von Hirrlingen († 1123), the son of Kunos and the Uta, had close ties to the Staufer dukes of Swabia , such as the report by the historiographer and bishop Otto von Freising (1138–1158) on the siege of the Palatinate Limburg (1117) shows. Ulrich had married Helica, the widow of Hermann († 1094), the slain bailiff of the St. Georgen monastery in the Black Forest , around 1105 , and after the death of his wife (around 1110) he held monastery properties. In 1114, on a state parliament in Rottenacker , Ulrich had the property of the monastic community at the instigation of the new St. Georgen monastery bailiff, Duke Berthold III. von Zähringen (1111–1122) to be restituted. In 1122, after the death of Berthold, Ulrich occupied the property again; by a judgment of the court court of Emperor Heinrich V at the end of 1124, the Black Forest monastery finally regained its property from the Hirrlingers.

Ulrich (II.) Von Hirrlingen († 1152), the son of Ulrich (I), had to waive St. Georgen's goods on the basis of the court judgment, but was involved in the establishment of the St. Georgen priory in origining in 1127 ( at Schelklingen ) involved. Ulrich (II.) As well as his son Ulrich (III.) († after 1173) subsequently appeared as followers and advisors to the Hohenstaufen kings Konrad III. (1127 / 38–1152) and Friedrich I. Barbarossa (1152–1190), whereby the noble Hirrlingers were sometimes referred to as counts . After 1173, after the death of Ulrich (III.) And the extinction of the Hirrling main line, Friedrich Barbarossa inherited Hirrling ownership and power positions in Swabia, a. a. also in the Swabian town of Herrlingen , which got its name from the Hirrlingers. The Hirrlingers had been able to expand the positions around Herrlingen since Ulrich (I.) and probably with the support of his wife Helica.

After the death of Ulrich (III.) (After 1173) a side line of the Hirrling family, the Lords of Bühl , took over the successful name Horningen, Hurningen . These "younger" Hirrlingers can then be traced well into the 13th century without a precise chronological and dynastic classification and the like. a. a Gottfried or Sigeboto von Hirrlingen would be possible.

Due to the marriage of Albrecht II with Judenta von Ortenburg-Hirrlingen there was a relationship to the Habsburgs .

It remains to point out the family relationships of the Hirrlingers. Perhaps the Hirrlingers derived from the Counts of Mâcon , the "Alberichen" of the early Middle Ages. Perhaps this explains the relationship between the Hirrlingers and the Counts of Achalm . It is also questionable whether there were family ties to the Hohenbergers, while the Counts of Hohenberg were probably related to the Hirrlingers.


  • Michael Buhlmann: The Lords of Hirrlingen and the St. Georgen Monastery in the Black Forest . (= Vertex Alemanniae, H. 15) St. Georgen 2005
  • Hans Jänichen, Gerhard Kittelberger: Hirrlingen. In: Max Miller , Gerhard Taddey (Hrsg.): Handbook of the historical sites of Germany . Volume 6: Baden-Württemberg (= Kröner's pocket edition . Volume 276). 2nd, improved and enlarged edition. Kröner, Stuttgart 1980, ISBN 3-520-27602-X , p. 341.
  • Hans Jänichen: Dominion and territorial relationships around Tübingen and Rottenburg in the 11th and 12th centuries. Part 1: The free lords . (= Writings on Southwest German Regional Studies, Vol. 2) Stuttgart, 1964