Max Miller (historian)

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Max Miller , actually Maximilian Miller , (born October 17, 1901 in Baustetten near Laupheim , † June 26, 1973 in Stuttgart ) was a German Roman Catholic clergyman , historian and archivist .


Max Miller attended the Bad Waldsee Latin School , passed the state examination and was a high school student at the Catholic College St. Josef in Ehingen . He entered the Wilhelmsstift in Tübingen in 1919 and studied Catholic theology with the aim of becoming a priest at the University of Tübingen , where he also attended the history lectures given by Johannes Haller .

In 1924 he passed the theological state exam and received 1925 in Rottenburg the priesthood . After his vicariate at the Church of St. Michael zu den Wengen in Ulm , on the initiative of the Württemberg Ministry of Culture, he was appointed as a research assistant at the Stuttgart State Archives and the Ludwigsburg branch archive in 1926, and from 1926 to 1929 he compiled a collection of materials on the history and wealth of the secularized monasteries Basis for the churches' right to tax according to § 35 of the Reichsdeputationshauptschluss . In 1929 he became a councilor and archivist at the Stuttgart State Archives. In 1930 he was with the scientific historical work The organization and management of Neuwürttemberg under Duke and Elector Friedrich to Dr. phil. PhD. In 1940, with his work Die Söflinger Briefe and the Klarissenkloster Söflingen near Ulm ad Donau in the late Middle Ages, he became Dr. theol. PhD.

During the Second World War he worked as an archivist and also in the hospital pastoral care. In 1943 he was called up as a medic in the Wehrmacht and deployed in France . In 1944 he was taken prisoner of war on Walcheren , a peninsula in the Dutch province of Zeeland , where he was a camp chaplain. In 1945 he returned to Stuttgart.

He resumed his service in the Württemberg archive administration and became deputy director Karl Otto Müller and head of the Ludwigsburg State Archive . In 1951 he became director of the main state archive in Stuttgart and thus also head of the Stuttgart archive department. With the establishment of the state of Baden-Württemberg in 1952, he also became a consultant for archives at the Baden-Württemberg State Ministry and thus head of the state archive administration. Under his leadership, the rebuilding and expansion of the archive administration was implemented after the end of the war. Most recently he was the chief state archive director.

In 1962, on behalf of the then Prime Minister Kurt Georg Kiesinger , he set up a central documentation center for Jewish fates in Baden and Württemberg at the time of National Socialism .

Miller was a full member from 1937 to 1954 and chairman of the Württemberg Commission for State History from 1952 to 1954. From 1954 to 1969 he was chairman of the newly founded commission for historical regional studies in Baden-Württemberg . He has published numerous writings. 158 works were published under his direction, for example the Historical Atlas of Baden-Württemberg. His estate is in the main state archive in Stuttgart.

Since his ordination he was active as a priest, among others in the Catholic Marienhospital in Stuttgart. In 1956 he was appointed Knight of the Order of Knights of the Holy Sepulcher by Cardinal Grand Master Nicola Cardinal Canali and invested on April 29, 1956 by the later Cardinal Lorenz Jaeger , Grand Prior of the German Lieutenancy . He belonged to the Commandery St. Marien in Stuttgart. He was also a member of the Catholic student association AV Guestfalia Tübingen .


Fonts (selection)

  • Eugene Bolz . Statesman and Confessor , 1951.
  • (Ed. :) Baden-Württemberg (=  handbook of the historical sites of Germany . Volume 6 ). Alfred Kröner, Stuttgart 1965.
  • The history of Württemberg from the founding of the Empire to today , 1971.
  • The time of the expulsion of Bishop Joannes Baptista Sproll von Rottenburg from 1938 to 1945 , 1971, together with Paul Kopf.


  • Eberhard Gönner : Max Miller in memory , in: Der Archivar 29 (1976), Sp. 157-164.
  • Regina Keyler: Max Miller's estate (1901–1973) , Repertories of the Main State Archives Stuttgart 2003
  • Theodor Ackermann, Archivalische Zeitschrift, Volume 71 , 1975, p. 78 ff.
  • German biographical encyclopedia (DBE) , KG Saur 1999, p. 143

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. a b c d e "On the person of Max Miller" , Baden-Württemberg State Archives, viewed on December 29, 2013