Ilyushin Il-20 (1948)

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Ilyushin Il-20
Type: Attack aircraft
Design country:

Soviet Union 1923Soviet Union Soviet Union



First flight:

December 5, 1948

Number of pieces:

1 prototype

The Ilyushin Il-20 ( Russian Ильюшин Ил-20 ) was a Soviet attack aircraft design . The single-engine all-metal two-seater was designed in 1948 and was not mass-produced.


Work began in 1947. The hull was armored with 15 mm thick sheet steel. To improve visibility while the bomb was being dropped in level flight, the pilot's cockpit was relocated to the bow of the fuselage, directly above the engine. The first flight through Vladimir Kokkinaki took place at the end of 1948.

The project was not pursued any further in the beginning jet engine era.

Technical specifications

Three-sided tear
Parameter Data
crew 2 (pilot and radio operator / gunner)
length 12.59 m
span 17.00 m
height 4.1 m
Wing area 44.0 m²
Wing extension 6.6
Empty mass 7,892 kg
Takeoff mass normal 9,500 kg
maximum 10,250 kg
Engine a 12-cylinder V-engine MF-47F with 3,000 hp (2,206 kW) takeoff power
Top speed 515 km / h at an altitude of 2,800 m
Rise time 8 minutes at an altitude of 5,000 m
Range 1,680 km
Summit height 7,750 m
Armament four rigid 23 mm MK NS-23s, each with 150 rounds in the wings,
a movable 23 mm twin MK NS-23 in the defensive stand
Bomb load up to 1,000 kg,
four 100 kg bombs or
two 500 kg bombs or
eight 82 mm rockets at underwing outstations

The other Il-20

The Il-20 is not to be confused with the much better known ECM / ELINT variant of the Ilyushin Il-18 , see Ilyushin Il-20 .

Also referred to as the Il-20 is a civil version of the tactical bomber Ilyushin Il-28 , which was used by Aeroflot as a cargo aircraft around the mid-1960s .


  • Rudolf Höfling: Ilyushin since 1933 . 1st edition. Motorbuch, Stuttgart 2013, ISBN 978-3-613-03604-8 , p. 62/63 .

Web links

Commons : Ilyushin Il-20 (1948)  - Collection of Pictures, Videos and Audio Files