In Germany, inspector is - apart from an older and more general usage, for example for "estate manager" (see Fritz Reuter ) - a service or abstract official designation in public administration for civil servants . She belongs to the senior service category , starting with grade A 9 . It is the entrance office of the high service. In the old civil service law, which was valid until April 2009, the civil servant on probation had the title "Inspector for employment" before being awarded office for the first time. However, this regulation no longer exists, since the appointment takes place immediately upon appointment as a probationary civil servant. In the preparatory service, the job title is "Inspector Candidate"; each with an addition of the subject area or the name of the employer.
The official designation is a so-called basic office designation according to the federal pay regulations. This means that an addition is placed in front of either the employer or the career path, e.g. government inspector (in the administrative service of state authorities and constitutional bodies of a state or the federal government), Bundesbank inspector (at the Deutsche Bundesbank), community (administrative) inspector (at Municipalities, in cities instead city (administrative) inspector), district (administrative) inspector (in the case of districts), government building inspector (in the case of the state building administration in the construction service, in municipalities, cities and districts, instead of government, municipality, town or district building inspector) , Fire inspector (in senior fire service ), tax inspector (in senior financial service). Which additions may be used is regulated differently by the individual employer , see the article title of office .
Promotion offices are:
- Chief Inspector (grade A 10),
- Bailiff (grade A 11),
- Amtsrat (formerly Oberamtmann) (salary group A 12) and
- Oberamtsrat (salary group A 13, final office of the senior service or also interlocking office , because the incoming office with the basic office designation "Council" of the higher service is also assigned to salary group A 13)
The training consists either of a three-year course at a university of applied sciences (with practical and theoretical phases changing every six months) with a bachelor's degree or an early diploma degree (e.g. Diplom-Verwaltungswirt (FH) , Diplom-Finanzwirt (FH) ) at an administrative college or from a previously completed university course with a shortened preparatory service or, only in careers with a special subject , from a university course without preparatory service. The latter two technical college courses can be completed at any technical college.
Similarly, the inspector corresponds to the rank of the lieutenant in the Bundeswehr ( army and air force ) or the lieutenant in the sea ( German navy ), but these positions are not comparable positions, because on the one hand it is a service as a soldier and on the other hand no university degree is required; only the general or subject-specific higher education entrance qualification is required. However, after their appointment, many officers study at a university of the German Armed Forces or in certain subjects at a civil university. On the other hand, the content of officer training corresponds to training at an administrative college. In addition, the officer career in the Bundeswehr includes the two civilian careers of senior and senior service.
The term inspector was also used in the area of the church hierarchy for a dean .
The name Inspector has been around in Germany for several centuries. She named an office that exercised a supervisory or control function, mostly as a superior. In the armies there were inspectors and general inspectors , in the school administration there were them. In the Lutheran churches, the term referred to a superordinate function that corresponds to a superintendent or president .
The term inspector is used most widely within the Austrian executive ( federal police , judicial station and community guards ). The official title of these staff members is Executive Staff . The sole application designation inspector is obtained after completing the executive basic training. In the ranks of the executive, there are also the usage terms Revierinspektor, group inspector, district inspector, department inspector, control inspector and chief inspector, ascending in the hierarchy . Up until the end of the Federal Security Guard Corps, it was also used as the general inspector (Vienna) and central inspector (other BPD ) for senior officials. See also: ranks of the Austrian security executive .
The following relevant official titles are in use here: controller, senior controller, specialist inspector, specialist senior inspector
The following relevant official titles are in use here: State School Inspector, District School Inspector, Vocational School Inspector
Post and telecommunications management
As far as civil servants are still in use in the field of postal and telecommunications administration, the following relevant official titles are in use: inspector, chief inspector, specialist inspector, specialist chief inspector, central inspector, telecommunications inspector, postal inspector
The following relevant official titles are in use here: specialist inspector, specialist senior inspector
The fire brigade in Austria also knows the inspector. There is, for example, the fire inspector or the inspection officer.
- Hans-Walter Scheerbarth, Heinz Höffken, Lutz Schmidt and Hans Joachim Bauschke : Civil service law . Verlag W. Reckinger GmbH & Co. KG, Siegburg, 6th, completely revised and expanded edition, 1992, ISBN 978-3-7922-0057-5
- the Federal Salary Act, entry offices for civil servants
Footnotes, individual references
- commonly "inspector career ", but in the police "commissioner career ", in the Bundeswehr unschaft an officer career (whereby the generals / admiralty are also officers, but in the higher service). Note: The soldiers of the Bundeswehr are not civil servants, but civil service law applies to them by analogy.
- General German Conservations Lexicon. Fifth volume. Leipzig 1835. p. 573
- For example, laid down in church ordinances, cf. Karl von Rotteck : State Lexicon or Encyclopedia of Political Sciences. Volume 5. 1837. p. 319