Johann von Oppeln-Bronikowski

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Johann von Oppeln-Bronikowski (also: Bronikovsky , Polish Jan Oppeln-Bronikowski , * 1678/1679/1680 in Kunowo near Samter , Greater Poland , † 1765 in Potsdam ) - Swedish and Polish officer , Prussian major general , knight of the order Pour le Mérite .


Bronikowski came from the old, very branched German-Polish noble family Oppeln-Bronikowski , who were wealthy in Greater Poland and Neumark . His father Sigismund was a Swedish major . At the age of 15, Johann joined the Swedish service and spent seven years in Swedish Pomerania , after which he switched to the Polish army and served there for 14 years. In 1725 he was awarded the King Friedrich Wilhelm I commissioned the first Prussian Hussar - Regiment organize and resigned as captain into the Prussian army. In 1729 he established the first independent hussar corps and was promoted to major. In the years 1730 and 1731 Bronikowski made many trips to Poland and Hungary to buy horses for the Prussian cavalry . For the next nine years he commanded hussars who stood on the Prussian-Polish border and was promoted to colonel in 1740 . During the Silesian Wars he distinguished himself in the Battle of Tschaslau , received the order Pour le Mérite and was appointed major general. During the Battle of Hohenfriedberg he commanded the cavalry reserve . In 1747 he was adopted with an honorary salary of 600  thalers . Because of his services in the training and organization of the first Prussian hussars, he was called the original hussar or progenitor of the hussars . Later, (after the Battle of Torgau ), Zieten was also called the Hussar Father . In the Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie it says: “ ... is the Prussian Hussar's 'progenitor' and represents their Swedish-Polish element. Unfortunately his name is missing on the plaques at the foot of the Berlin equestrian statue of Frederick the Great . "



  1. According to König (lit.) * 1678; ADB (Lit.) * 1679; after Priesdorff (Lit.) * 1780.
  2. ^ According to Priesdorff (Lit.) only died in July 1767.