Julius Smend

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Julius Smend (born May 10, 1857 in Lengerich , † June 7, 1930 in Münster ) was a German theologian .


Julius Smend comes from the old family of lawyers and theologians, who served as pastor in the Reformed community of Lengerich in Westphalia for three generations in a row in the 18th and 19th centuries . His brother was the theologian Rudolf Smend . The liberal-theological thinking in his family should also be formative for him, as well as the love for music, especially for Johann Sebastian Bach , which his parents gave him.

Julius Smend passed his Abitur at the age of nineteen at the Paulinum Gymnasium in Münster. He then studied theology in Bonn , Halle (Saale) and Göttingen . In Bonn he had been a member of the Alemannia Bonn fraternity since 1876 , together with his close friend, the historian Friedrich Philippi . In 1880 he started a synodial vicariate in Paderborn. After an eleven-month vicariate in Minden , which began the following year , he was ordained in April 1881 and moved to Bonn as an assistant preacher . There he also wrote his licentiate thesis , which had the Lord's Supper on the subject. In 1885 he became pastor in Seelscheid , which was then a small farming community. In 1890 he married Helene Springmann from Osnabrück. In 1891 he became a full professor at the Friedberg seminary , where he was also entrusted with pastoral care. He now began to go public with larger publications. In 1893 he was offered a chair in practical theology at the University of Strasbourg . His work The Protestant German Masses up to Luther's German Mass , which is regarded as his main work, dates from 1896. Together with the liturgist Friedrich Spitta , he founded the monthly for worship and church art (MGkK) in the same year . Both thus founded the so-called older liturgical movement , which endeavored to give the evangelical worship a form that should enable an appropriate performance of a worship in the evangelical spirit. Their movement found its first practical application at the St. Thomas Church in Strasbourg . In 1906 the church book he had compiled for the Protestant communities, Vol. 1, was published . This also included his ideas of a character of the divine service that had to take into account the patristic, scholastic and orthodox heritage and formulate the language of prayer in a more contemporary way, but should also allow space for silence. In the same year Smend took over the rectorate at the Strasbourg University.

In 1914 Smend became a co-founder and first dean of the Evangelical Theological Faculty in his hometown of Münster. In 1926 he was at the age of 68 years emeritus . The successor to his chair for practical theology was Wilhelm Stählin . Julius Smend's son Friedrich Smend , born in 1893 , also became a theologian and music researcher.

Fonts (selection)

  • Chalice refusal and the giving of the chalice in the Western Church. A contribution to the history of cult . Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1898
  • Church register for Protestant communities.
  • The Protestant German masses up to Luther's German mass. Goettingen 1896.
  • Celebration hours. Brief considerations for the Sundays and feast days of the church year. Göttingen 1892. 2nd edition 1897.
  • Schleiermacher's political sermon from 1806 to 1808: Speech on the assumption of the rectorate of the Kaiser Wilhelms-Universität Strasbourg . Strasbourg: Heitz, 1906.
  • Lectures and essays on liturgy, hymnology and church music . Gütersloh: Bertelsmann, 1925



Letters from Julius Smend are in the holdings of the Leipzig music publisher CF Peters in the Leipzig State Archives .

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Ernst Elsheimer (ed.): Directory of the old fraternity members according to the status of the winter semester 1927/28. Frankfurt am Main 1928, p. 493.
predecessor Office successor
Hermann Ehrenberg Rector of the University of Münster
Gerhard Schmidt
Hermann Kretzschmar President of the New Bach Society
Walter Simons