|coat of arms||Germany map|
|State :||North Rhine-Westphalia|
|Administrative region :||Muenster|
|Height :||77 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||90.79 km 2|
|Residents:||22,660 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||250 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||49525|
|Area code :||05481|
|License plate :||ST, BF, TE|
|Community key :||05 5 66 040|
|LOCODE :||DE LCH|
|City structure:||12 districts|
City administration address :
|Tecklenburger Strasse 2
|Mayor :||Wilhelm Möhrke (independent)|
|Location of the city of Lengerich in the Steinfurt district|
The city lies between Münster (29 km southwest) and Osnabrück (16 km northeast), on the southern slope of the Teutoburg Forest . The urban area extends a maximum of 11.5 kilometers in north-south direction and a maximum of 14 kilometers in east-west direction.
Lengerich has city partnerships with the cities of Leegebruch ( Brandenburg ), Wapakoneta ( Ohio , USA ), Warta ( Poland ), which are maintained both by the city and by private associations. For example, there is a regular student exchange with Wapakoneta .
Lengerich includes the districts of Antrup, Aldrup, Exterheide, Hohne, Intrup, Niederlengerich, Niedermark, Ringel, Schollbruch, Settel , Stadtfeldmark and Wechte.
All parts of the city have the same postcode Lengerich - 49525.
- Population: 23,191, of which:
- male: 11,485
- female: 11,706
- Protestant: 10,337
- Roman Catholic: 3,855
- other or none: 8,999
(As of June 30, 2019)
According to the 2011 census , the majority of the population was 55.3% Protestant , 16.9% Roman Catholic and 27.8% were non-denominational , belonged to another religious community or did not provide any information. The number of Protestants and Catholics has fallen since then. Currently (as of December 31, 2019) of the 23,227 inhabitants, 10,163 (43.7%) are Protestants, 3,814 (16.4%) are Roman Catholic and 40% either belong to another religion or are non-denominational.
Origin and development of the place
During the Middle Ages and the early modern period, Lengerich belonged to the County of Tecklenburg . This became part of the Kingdom of Prussia in 1707 . After the establishment of the German Empire in 1871 and the dissolution of Prussia in 1946, the area of the County of Tecklenburg was largely preserved as the Tecklenburg district (which Prussia had created in 1816). The state of North Rhine-Westphalia as the legal successor to Prussia dissolved the Tecklenburg district on January 1, 1975, so that Lengerich has been in the Steinfurt district since then.
Lengerich can look back on a very long history of settlement. Thus, in the peasantry a 4,000 year old cornice megalithic discovered and restored. Today it is one of the sights of the city of Lengerich.
The individual Lengerich farmers were mentioned in documents earlier than the town of Lengerich itself. So around 1050 Ringel was mentioned as "Hringie" and 1088 Hohne as Westhohne. In 1147 Lengerich himself first appeared in a document. The Roman-German King Konrad III. confirmed to the abbess of the women's monastery in Herford her possessions and privileges in Lengerich.
A market in Lengerich was occupied in the 14th century.
In 1727 Friedrich Wilhelm I of Prussia , also known as the soldier king, granted Lengerich city rights. This also opened the first modest local government. At that time the city had 614 inhabitants and 150 houses.
In 1857, Friedrich Wilhelm IV. Of Prussia received the honor drink from the city of Lengerich at the Berkemeyer inn on the occasion of the 150th anniversary of the County of Tecklenburg being part of Prussia .
On April 1, 1927, the Lengerich-Land community was incorporated. On April 1, 1930, a small area (38 ha) was ceded to the neighboring town of Tecklenburg.
On January 1, 1975, parts of the area with then around 300 inhabitants were assigned to the municipality of Lienen and the city of Tecklenburg.
At the northeast entrance to the church square in the old town stands the Römer, one of the landmarks of the city of Lengerich. This is a gatehouse whose construction time can roughly be dated to the second quarter of the 13th century; Dates that differ greatly from this up to the 15th century are possible. Previously only referred to as stone work in documents , the gatehouse has been called Römer since the early 18th century . The origin of this name and the original use of the Roman have not been handed down historically.
In the course of its history, the gatehouse was used as a town hall, prison, storage room, classroom and apartment, among other things. Up until the 20th century, numerous additions were added, such as a warehouse adjacent to the south, a farm building adjacent to the north and several eastward extensions. The last major renovation took place in 1979, the last extensive renovation in 2001. Since 1980 the Römer has housed a small restaurant. A large room on the second floor serves as a guest room, as a conference room or is also used for special occasions such as civil weddings.
According to records, the first traders and traders in the city were in the 16th century. During this time, wool and animal fat were traded alongside agricultural products. In 1662 a paper mill was put into operation. There have been a few watermills, shoemakers, joiners and blacksmiths before. Many of these mills can still be seen today, but hardly any in their original and functional condition. Around 100 years ago there was talk of a Lengerich national drink, a top-fermented beer (called Grüsing or Gräsing) that was brewed in many houses.
The Lengerich Conclusion
During the Thirty Years' War , a piece of German history was written in the city on July 11, 1645. In preparation for the peace treaties of 1648 in Osnabrück and Münster, representatives of the warring parties met for the Lengerich Conclusum . The parties agreed that the imperial estates and free imperial cities would have a say in domestic and foreign policy issues in the Holy Roman Empire during the forthcoming peace negotiations.
City Councilor and Mayor
Since the local elections on May 25, 2014 , the Lengerich City Council has a total of 32 members, who are distributed among the individual parties as follows (with comparative figures from the 2009 local elections):
Mayor is the pharmacist Wilhelm Möhrke (independent), the predecessor in office was Friedrich Prigge (CDU).
coat of arms
Blazon : "In blue an upright golden anchor, from whose ring two golden crossed linden branches emerge, each with three leaves downwards, which are crossed again on the anchor."
Due to historical concerns - the anchor was the exclusive coat of arms of the County of Lingen, with which Lengerich could not be associated - it was initially returned in 1939. According to more recent research, however, the anchor was granted to the Count of Tecklenburg by an imperial privilege in 1475 as an increase in the coat of arms at the express request of Count Otto, who was then ruling, without any relationship to the County of Lingen , which did not even exist at the time (according to the Münster State Archives of June 27 1946, St.A. 1363). The linden twigs were probably created by confusing the water lily leaves on the coat of arms of the county of Tecklenburg . Since historical concerns no longer existed, the old coat of arms was taken up again in 1949 by the city of Lengerich.
The blazon of the coat of arms in the period from March 1, 1939 to 1949 is described as follows: “In silver (white) over a raised green mountain of three, covered with a silver (white) shield with two blue bars, three bars of red water lily pads. "
The Dreiberg symbolizes the location on the southern slope of the Teutoburg Forest , the small shield is the coat of arms of the influential noble family from Münster zu Vortlage, who lived in Lengerich from the 13th to the 17th century. The water lily leaves come from the coat of arms of the county of Tecklenburg , to which the city previously belonged.
The city of Lengerich also maintains city partnerships
- Leegebruch in Brandenburg (since 1991)
- Wapakoneta in Ohio, USA (since 1994)
- Warta (Łódź) in Poland (since 1996)
Culture, religion and sights
In terms of culture, Lengerich has a relatively large number of attractions for a city of this size. In 2004 the Gempthalle was restored to a cultural center so that various events can take place there. There is also an intact club life. In addition, the university and theater cities of Münster and Osnabrück can be reached by car and train in around 20 minutes.
At the foot of the Kleeberg, the cemetery chapel, inaugurated in 1926 and threatened with decay after the 1970s, has been restored. In the immediate vicinity of the chapel are the ALVA sculpture park with Jones Garden and the hydrangea garden, which opened in 2018 .
Currently (as of December 31, 2019) of the 23,227 inhabitants, 44% (10,163) are Protestant, 16% (3,814) Catholic and 40% belonged to other religions or are non-denominational.
LWL Clinic - "2 turrets"
On the weekend of the 1st Advent, the crib market is held around the Evangelical City Church. At the booth market designed as a Christmas market, a. Christmas baubles are sold, which show different motifs every year. A large nativity scene exhibition takes place every year in the town church on the first weekend of Advent. The nativity scenes, some of which were originally designed, were mostly made by the residents of Lengerich.
Economy and Infrastructure
The town of Lengerich has traditionally had strong economic pillars in mechanical engineering, in the plastics processing industry and in cement production. Particular mention should be made of the Windmöller & Hölscher (W&H) machine factory with a focus on packaging, printing and finishing machines, the Bischof + Klein plastic packaging factory and the Dyckerhoff AG cement factory .
The Lengerich train station is on the Wanne-Eickel-Hamburg route , the section between Münster and Osnabrück every hour, and every half hour during peak hours , served by the Eurobahn under the name Teuto-Bahn (RB 66). The long-distance trains do not stop between Münster and Osnabrück. The 581 m long Lengerich Tunnel , the northernmost classic railway tunnel in Germany beneath a mountain range and the only one on the way between the Ruhr area and Northern Germany, is striking for travelers .
Lengerich is also on the Ibbenbüren – Gütersloh railway line, opened in 1901 by the Teutoburg Forest Railway (TWE). In Lengerich-Hohne, the TWE operates a depot (Bw), which also functions as a central workshop for other NE railways . On the TWE route there is only regular freight traffic in sections. In the summer months, the Teuto-Express runs on the museum railroad with steam locomotives through the Tecklenburger Land. After a dam slide occurred as a result of the summer storm in August 2010, the "Teuto-Express" from Lengerich ends in Tecklenburg and can no longer continue via Brochterbeck to Ibbenbüren Aasee. When the tracks going south to Gütersloh were interrupted in September of the following year and not repaired by the new TWE owner Captrain Germany , the non-partisan campaign alliance pro TWE was founded in January 2012 . a. has set the goal of long-term maintenance and regular use of the Teutoburg Forest Railway in the areas of leisure and tourism traffic.
There are regular bus routes from Lengerich to Lotte (with a bus connection to Osnabrück), to Ibbenbüren, to Lienen and to Münster.
The Münster-Osnabrück airport is about 15 km away.
Lengerich has schools of all types. For the primary sector there are four primary schools: Hohne, Intrup, Stadtfeldmark and Stadt. For secondary schools there is the Hannah-Arendt-Gymnasium (HAG), the Dietrich-Bonhoeffer-Realschule and the Friedrich von Bodelschwingh Realschule. The responsible comprehensive school is the comprehensive school Lengerich / Tecklenburg with 2 school locations in the respective places, whereby Lengerich is the main school location. There is also the school In der Widum, a special school for people with intellectual disabilities. There are over eleven kindergartens in total.
- Education center Tecklenburger Land
- Ev. Special school for the specialty mental development "In der Widum"
- Tecklenburger Land music school
- Community College
In addition to the Helios Clinic Lengerich as a general hospital , the LWL Clinic Lengerich is a specialist clinic for psychiatry and neurology in Lengerich. The LWL-Klinik is sponsored by the Regional Association of Westphalia-Lippe and was opened in 1866 as the Bethesda Provincial Institution .
As part of the 150th anniversary of the clinic, the “Lengerich Memorial Path” was opened on its premises in 2017. The memorial path commemorates the murders of the sick as part of Action T4 during the National Socialist era and provides information about their background and state organization as well as the complicity and responsibility that the employees of the provincial sanatorium at the time had in the transport of at least 440 of their patients to the transit stations in Eichberg , Weilmünster and Wunstorf , from where they were transported further to be killed.
Various sports clubs are based in Lengerich. In the field of football and badminton, there is the SC Preußen Lengerich , whose first team has been playing in the district league since the 2014/15 season, and for football also the FC Grün-Weiß Lengerich , which is in the district league C3 (season 2018/19) plays. The TTC Lengerich offers table tennis . The first team plays in the district league in the 2014/15 season. There is also a handball team called HSG Hohne Lengerich . In Lengerich you will also find the Turnverein Lengerich (TVL), which is the largest club in Lengerich and offers a number of different sports, as well as the Turnverein Hohne , which is best known for its Teuto run . The Lengerich Riding Breeding and Driving Association is mainly responsible for equestrian sports.
Born in Lengerich
- Johann Hildebrand Withof (1694–1769), professor of eloquence and history in Duisburg
- Johann Gerhard Hasenkamp (1736–1777), educator
- Friedrich Arnold Hasenkamp (1747–1795), educator
- Rudolf Smend (1851–1913), theologian (Old Testament scholar)
- Julius Smend (1857–1930), theologian
- Friedrich Kipp (1878–1953), writer
- Christian Gizewski (1941–2019), ancient historian
- Wolfgang Streeck (* 1946), sociologist and director at the Max Planck Institute for the Study of Societies in Cologne
- Wolfgang Hahn-Cremer (1948–2006), media advisor and politician
- Hartmut Krauss (* 1951), educational scientist and author
- Reinhold Hedtke (* 1953), author and professor for didactics of social sciences and economic sociology at Bielefeld University
- Wolfgang Sidka (* 1954), professional footballer and trainer
- Wilfried Schnepp (1957–2020), professor of nursing science at the University of Witten / Herdecke
- Kurt Gravemeier (* 1957), former show jumper and former national trainer of the German show jumpers
- Monika Stork (* 1961), former table tennis player
- Katharina Schallenberg (* 1980), national golf player
Associated with Lengerich
- Johann Rickmers (1881–1923), originally from Bremen participant in the failed Hitler putsch in 1923, as a result of which he died; Urn burial on Gut Vorlage, of which he was the owner
- Artur Anders (1896–1976), politician; 1945–1961 city director in Lengerich
- Friedrich Ernst Hunsche (1905–1994), author, linguist, genealogist, local history researcher and archivist; lived and worked in Lengerich for a long time
- Georg Neemann (1917–1993), politician; 1946 Head of the Lengerich Refugee and Housing Office
- Ewald Hinterding (1946–2014), cook; Has been awarded a Michelin star for 14 years .
- Alfred Wesselmann (* 1948), high school teacher and historian; Director of Studies at the Hannah-Arendt-Gymnasium; Chairman of the “Urban History Working Group” in the Lengerich Heimatverein
- Richard Spiegelburg (* 1977), pole vaulter
- Silke Spiegelburg (* 1986), former pole vaulter, graduated from high school in Lengerich
- Philipp Hauß (* 1980), actor at the Burgtheater Vienna, completed his Abitur at the local grammar school
in order of appearance
- The old parish of Lengerich. Pictures tell from days gone by . Geiger, Horb am Neckar 1990, ISBN 3-89264-448-9 .
- Ursula Schumacher-Haardt: Evangelical town church Lengerich (= Westfälische Kunststätten , issue 63). Munster 1992.
- Alois Thomes: Lengerich . In: Cities and municipalities in Westphalia. Volume 1: The Steinfurt district . Landschaftsverband Westfalen-Lippe, Geographical Commission for Westphalia, Münster 1994, ISBN 3-402-06270-4 , pp. 83–91 ( PDF; 8.1 MB ).
- Peter Barthold, Rolf Eschmann: Kirchplatz and Römer in Lengerich (= Westfälische Kunststätten , issue 97). Munster 2003.
- Christof Spannhoff (edit.): Lengerich (= Historical Atlas of Westphalian Cities , Vol. 11). Münster 2018, ISBN 978-3-87023-408-9 .
- Official website of the city of Lengerich
- Regional Association of Westphalia-Lippe: Park at Gut Erpenbeck in LWL GeodatenKultur
- Landschaftsverband Westfalen-Lippe: Gardens at the house Presentation in LWL geodata culture
- Landschaftsverband Westfalen-Lippe: Parks of the LWL-Klinik Lengerich in LWL-GeodatenKultur
- Lengerich in the Westphalia Culture Atlas
- Population of the municipalities of North Rhine-Westphalia on December 31, 2019 - update of the population based on the census of May 9, 2011. State Office for Information and Technology North Rhine-Westphalia (IT.NRW), accessed on June 17, 2020 . ( Help on this )
- City of Lengerich Religion , 2011 census
- Lengerich city portrait figures data facts , accessed on April 18, 2020
-  / "Lengerich in old views, Volume 2"
- Official Journal for the Münster administrative district 1927, page 59. Retrieved on September 3, 2017 .
- Stephanie Reekers: The regional development of the districts and communities of Westphalia 1817-1967 . Aschendorff, Münster Westfalen 1977, ISBN 3-402-05875-8 , p. 257 .
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 318 .
- Website Lengerich - City Partnerships , accessed on June 15, 2019
- Cemetery chapel and cemetery in Lengerich . city-map Internetmarketing AG
- ALVA Sculpture Park and Jones Garden . city-map Internetmarketing AG
- "The hydrangea park is taking off" - construction work completed. Opening on July 8, 2018 . City marketing offensive Lengerich
- City of Lengerich - City Portrait - Figures Data Facts , accessed on February 21, 2020
- Stadtkirche: Markets & Festivals in Lengerich: Nativity Market
- Neue Osnabrücker Zeitung September 22, 2011
- Action alliance wants to save TWE Neue Westfälische Zeitung January 27, 2012
- Münsterland e. V .: Cycling in Lengerich | Münsterland e. V. Tourism. Retrieved June 18, 2017 .
- History. Website of the LWL-Klinik Lengerich, accessed on June 19, 2018
- LWL-Klinik Lengerich: Der Lengericher Gedenkpfad (PDF) p. 3, p. 11
- football.de - FC GW Lengerich , accessed on June 15, 2019