Julius Victor Carus
Julius Victor Carus was the grandson of the philosopher Friedrich August Carus . His parents were the surgeon Ernst August Carus (1797-1854) and his wife Agnes Küster (born June 3, 1802, † March 6, 1839).
In 1853 Carus became professor of comparative anatomy and director of the Zoological Institute at the University of Leipzig .
He was in correspondence with Charles Darwin and translated his works Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation to Sex , Origin of Species , The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals and The formation of vegetable mold into German. These translations have often been used as the standard translation ever since. In 1863 he also translated the work of Thomas Henry Huxley Man's Place in Nature (testimonies to the position of man in nature).
In 1856 Carus was elected a member of the German Academy of Sciences Leopoldina . He was a member of the Society of German Natural Scientists and Doctors . In 1861 Carus was accepted into the Leipzig Freemason Lodge Minerva to the three palms , which he headed from 1874 to 1881 as master of the chair . Since 1898 he was a full member of the Saxon Academy of Sciences .
He married Sophie Catharina Hasse (May 13, 1827 - April 18, 1884) in Schönefeld near Leipzig in 1853 , a daughter of Professor Friedrich Christian August Hasse (1773-1848). The couple had three daughters:
- Agnes Marie Elisabeth (born May 19, 1856 - † November 22, 1922)
- Anna Sophie Gertud (born June 9, 1858 - † April 25, 1933), piano teacher
- Louise Charlotte Johanna (* October 25, 1862; † February 3, 1940) ⚭ March 2, 1892 Johannes Ferdinand Lehmann (* July 3, 1864; † October 19, 1942), Dr. phil., superintendent in Freiberg
After the death of his first wife, he married Alexandra Petroff (born January 28, 1847, † 1940) in Dresden in 1886 , a daughter of the Imperial Russian Privy Councilor Alexander Petroff from Odessa . The couple had a son:
- Victor Alexander Dr. phil. (* July 13, 1888; † August 31, 1940), art and music historian
- ⚭ 1919 Marta Baum
- ⚭ 1933 Clara Helene Frost (born September 5, 1884)
- Icones Zootomicae. With original contributions by Messrs GJ Allman, C. Gegenbaur, Th. H. Huxley, Alb. Kölliker, H. Müller, MS Schultze, C. Th. E. von Siebold and F. Stein . Wilhelm Engelmann, Leipzig 1857.
- Bibliotheca zoologica . Leipzig 1861.
- About the leptocephalids . Wilhelm Engelmann, Leipzig 1861.
- with Wilhelm Peters and Carl Eduard Adolph Gerstäcker : Handbuch der Zoologie . Leipzig 1863–1875
- Alexander von Humboldt. A scientific biography , 3 volumes. Leipzig 1872.
- History of zoology except for Joh. Müller and Ch. Darwin . Munich 1872 ( digitized version and full text in the German text archive )
- Wilhelm Haan : Julius Victor Carus . In: Saxon Writer's Lexicon . Robert Schaefer's Verlag, Leipzig 1875, p. 37.
- Max Beier : In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 3, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1957, ISBN 3-428-00184-2 , p. 161 ( ).
- Literature by and about Julius Victor Carus in the catalog of the German National Library
- Julius Victor Carus in the professorial catalog of the University of Leipzig
- Overview of the courses of Julius Victor Carus at the University of Leipzig (winter semester 1851 to summer semester 1903)
- members Leopoldina, Julius Victor Carus
- Members of the Society of German Natural Scientists and Doctors 1857
- Jürgen Holtorf: The lodges of the Freemasons. Nikol VerlagsGmbH, Hamburg, ISBN 3-930656-58-2 , p. 141.
- Eugen Lennhoff, Oskar Posner, Dieter A. Binder: Internationales Freemaurerlexikon. Revised and expanded new edition of the 1932 edition. Munich 2003, 951 pp., ISBN 3-7766-2161-3 , p. 271.
- Members of the SAW: Julius Victor Carus. Saxon Academy of Sciences, accessed on October 2, 2016 .
|SURNAME||Carus, Julius Victor|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German zoologist|
|DATE OF BIRTH||August 23, 1823|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Leipzig|
|DATE OF DEATH||March 10, 1903|
|Place of death||Leipzig|