Karl Christian Erdmann (Württemberg-Oels)

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Karl Christian Erdmann (Württemberg-Oels)

Karl Christian Erdmann von Württemberg-Oels (born October 26, 1716 in Wilhelminenort near Bernstadt , † December 14, 1792 in Oels ) was the ruling Duke of Württemberg-Oels and Bernstadt .



Karl Christian Erdmann was the only son of Duke Christian Ulrich II of Württemberg-Wilhelminenort (1691–1734) from his marriage to Philippine Charlotte (1691–1758), daughter of Count Erdmann von Redern auf Krappitz. Through the marriage of Duke Sylvius I Nimrod to the heiress Elisabeth Marie from the Podiebrad dynasty , the Württemberg residents came to the Silesian Duchy of Oels . Sylvius Nimrod's sons had divided the country into lines of Oels, Bernstadt and Juliusburg . Karl Christian Erdmann was a grandson of the founder of the Bernstadt line, Christian Ulrich I.


The prince was trained in Oels, Stuttgart and at the University of Tübingen . At first he was in imperial military service in the campaign against France, but switched to the Danish army at the request of his mother and to avoid a change of religion. In 1736 he became Danish major general of the cavalry. Karl Christian Erdmann was in high favor with the Danish king and in 1739 became commander of the royal bodyguard. He wore the Danish Elephant Order and the Ordre de l'union parfaite . After the death of Christian VI. from Denmark he returned to Oels in 1747; Appointed lieutenant general by King Friedrich II of Prussia , he became governor of Breslau and received the Order of the Black Eagle .

In 1744, Karl Friedrich II. , The uncle of Karl Christian Erdmann, renounced the ruling Duke of Oels in favor of his nephew. A year later, Duke Karl von Württemberg-Bernstadt also died without an heir, so that Karl Christian Erdmann reunited all three lines of the Silesian house of Württemberg in his person. The duke died as the last of his line. His son-in-law was enfeoffed with the Duchy of Oels . Karl Christian Erdmann was buried in the city named after him, Carlsruhe .

Carlsruhe Castle


According to legend, Karl Christian Erdmann got lost while hunting in 1745 and fell asleep in the forest. He dreamed of founding a city at this point. Until 1945 a memorial, the so-called Erdmannsstern, testified to this event. Initially a hunting seat, the planned residence town of Carlsruhe was built in 1763, in which the duke also adhered to the architectural concept for the Baden city of Karlsruhe . Here he also built a castle until 1753, in which he resided.

Carlsruhe with Waldvorwerk, Gründorf, Krogullno, Hönigern, Saabe, Schwirz and Städtel, declared as an allodial property to the Fideikommiss , came to Duke Eugen von Württemberg (1758-1822), a younger brother of the later King Friedrich I , after the death of Karl Christian Erdmann .


Karl Christian Erdmann married on April 8, 1741 Laubach Marie Sophie Wilhelmine (1721-1793), daughter of Count Friedrich Ernst zu Solms-Laubach , with whom he had the following children:

⚭ 1768 Duke Friedrich August von Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel (1740–1805)
  • Friedrich Christian Karl (1757–1759)


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predecessor Office successor
Karl Friedrich II. Duke of Oels
1744 - 1792
Friedrich August von Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel