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Ladin plowers in Wengen below "Cians" in the 1960s

The Ladins or Dolomite Ladins are an ethnic group or language community , whose self-confidence is determined by belonging to the Dolomite Ladin language group.

Language area, population

The Ladin-speaking valleys Fassatal, Gröden, Gadertal, Buchenstein and Ampezzo and their location in Northern Italy

Most of the Ladin people live in northern Italy in an area also known as Ladinia , which is spread over the following provinces:

Of the approx. 40,000 people who live in the Ladin-speaking area in the Dolomites , around 35,000 are Ladins. The Ladins make up almost four percent of the population of South Tyrol.

Whether the Ladin language forms part of a larger Rhaeto-Romanic language group has long been discussed under the heading of Questione Ladina .

Culture and culture maintenance

Ladin farmsteads in Wengen / La Val

The Ladins have their own language, which is spoken and written in different idioms . Micurà de Rü made the first attempt to develop a Ladin written language . Like other ethnic groups in the region, the Ladins developed their own cultural national consciousness in the 19th century . Today the Ladin culture is cultivated in the Istitut Ladin "Micurà de Rü" in Sankt Martin in Thurn . There is also a Ladin museum in the same place . The Trentino and Belluno Ladins have their own cultural institutes: Majon de Fascegn in Vigo di Fassa , Cesa de Jan in Col / Colle Santa Lucia and Istituto Ladin de la Dolomites in Borca di Cadore .

Many South Tyrolean sagas come from the Ladin region, such as the national epic of the Ladins from the Fanes kingdom . Other figures from Ladin mythology are, for example, the Anguana , Pavaruk, Ondina, Vivena-Angana, Salvan, Orco, Bregostan and Stria. The various Ladin house types are also part of Ladin culture .

See also


  • Peter Hilpold , Christoph Perathoner (Hrsg.): The Ladins: a minority in the minority . Athesia, Bozen 2005, ISBN 978-3-7083-0254-6 .
  • Tobia Moroder (Ed.): The Dolomite Ladins: People, Landscape, Culture . Folio, Vienna 2016, ISBN 978-3-85256-691-7 .
  • Christoph Perathoner: The Dolomite Ladins 1848–1918: ethnic awareness and political participation . Folio, Bozen / Vienna 1998, ISBN 978-3-85256-080-9 .

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Minorities in Europe: 1. The Dolomite Ladins (PDF; 65 kB). Info material SRF - educational television , as of February 2018th