The Lemberg-Warsaw School ( Polish: Szkoła lwowsko-warszawska ) (also: Warschauer Gruppe , Warschauer Schule ) was an influential logical-philosophical school in Poland in the 20th century. Kazimierz Twardowski laid the foundation stone when he came to Lviv in 1895 and started teaching philosophy there. After the re-establishment of the Polish state, many of its representatives moved to the University of Warsaw , from where the school takes its double name.
Twardowski's approaches are based on works by Franz Brentano , Robert von Zimmermann , Bernard Bolzano , as well as Edmund Husserl and Alexius Meinong . Twardowski was in scientific contact with the latter; this exchange promoted his interest in ontology , mereology and categorical grammar . He was inspired by Brentano to found a scientific school for philosophy; the influence of the Brentano School can be felt up to Alfred Tarski's generation.
The Lviv-Warsaw School was characterized by a broad research approach in philosophy, logic, philosophy of science and language analysis. Its representatives made important contributions to mathematical logic, logical semantics, epistemology and formal ontology, etc.
This school produced many great logicians, philosophers and mathematicians. The first generation in particular is known: Jan Łukasiewicz , Stanisław Leśniewski , Tadeusz Kotarbiński , Kazimierz Ajdukiewicz , Tadeusz Czeżowski , Zygmunt Zawirski . After that, Alfred Tarski was probably the most famous.
The Lemberg-Warsaw School was in contact with other logical-philosophical circles in Europe, B. the Vienna Circle and the Berlin Society for Empirical Philosophy . Together they organized several international congresses for the unity of science in the 1930s (the first congress was held in Paris in 1935).
The Lemberg-Warsaw School also includes:
Joseph Maria Bocheński , Walter Auerbach , Hersch bathroom , Stefan Baley , Stefan Blachowski , Eugenia Blaustein , Leopold Blaustein , Marian Borowski , Bronisław Brondowski , Edward Csató , Izydora Dąmbska , January Drewnowski , Ryszard Gansiniec , Mieczysław Gebarowicz , Eugeniusz Geblewicz , Daniela Gromska , Henryk Hiz , Janina Hosiasson-Lindenbaum , Salomon hedgehog , Stanisław Jaśkowski , Ludwik Jaxa Bykovsky , Zbigniew Jordan , January Kalicki , Juliusz Kleiner , Maria Kokoszynska-Lutman , Antoni Korcik , Janina Kotarbińska , Jerzy Kreczmar , Mieczyslaw Kreutz , Manfred Kridl , Jerzy Kuryłowicz , Czeslaw Lejewski , Stanisław Lempicki , Zygmunt Lempiski , Adolf Lindenbaum , Seweryna Łuszczewska-Romahnowa , Henryk Mehlberg , Mieczysław Milbrandt , Jan Mosdorf , Andrzej Mostowski , Bogdan Nawroczynski , Czeslaw Nowiński , Ostap Ortwin , Maria Ossowska , Stanislaw Ossowski , Antoni Panski , Edward Poznański , Mojżesz Presburger , Jakub Rajgrodzki , Jan Rutski , Jan Salamucha , Zygmunt Schmierer , H alina Sloniewska , Jerzy Słupecki , Franciszek Smolka , Bolesław Sobociński , Kazimierz Sosnicki , Stefan Świężawski , Władysław Szumowski , Władysław Tatarkiewicz , MichaĹ Treads , Mordechai Wajsberg , Mieczyslaw Wallis , Tadeusz Witwicki , Stefan Woloszyn , Aleksander wound healers , Jozef Zajkowski
- K. Szaniawski (Ed.): The Vienna Circle and the Lvov – Warsaw School. Kluwer, Dordrecht / Boston / London.
- Jan Wolenski: Logic and Philosophy in the Lvov – Warsaw School. Reidel, Dordrecht / Boston / Lancaster 1989.
- F. Coniglione: Polish Scientific Philosophy: The Lvov – Warsaw School. Rodopi, Amsterdam-Atlanta 1993.
- Barry Smith: Austrian Philosophy. Open Court Publishing Company, Chicago 1994.
- Christian Thiel ; Volker Peckhaus : Warschauer Schule , in: Jürgen Mittelstraß (Hrsg.): Encyclopedia Philosophy and Philosophy of Science. 2nd Edition. Volume 8: Th - Z. Stuttgart, Metzler 2018, ISBN 978-3-476-02107-6 , pp. 423 - 424 (detailed bibliography).
- Lvov-Warsaw School. Entry in Edward N. Zalta (Ed.): Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy . by Jan Woleński