Lichtental (Baden-Baden)

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
City of Baden-Baden
Lichtental coat of arms
Coordinates: 48 ° 44 ′ 38 "  N , 8 ° 15 ′ 39"  E
Height : 187 m above sea level NN
Area : 10.1 km²
Residents : 6927  (Jan. 1, 2020)
Population density : 686 inhabitants / km²
Incorporation : 1909
Postal code : 76534
Area code : 07221
View over Lichtental from the southwest, in front the Church of St. Bonifatius, on the left the Luther Church
View over Lichtental from the southwest, in front the Church of St. Bonifatius, on the left the Luther Church

The Baden-Baden district of Lichtental (former name: Lichtenthal) was incorporated into the municipality in 1909.


The small settlement was once called Büren or Beuern. The few huts were in the valley floor of the Oosbach and scattered on the surrounding mountain slopes.

In 1245 this area was donated to the newly founded Lichtenthal Abbey by the sons of Margravine Irmengard .

Lichtenthal Monastery

When Margrave Rudolf I gave the neighboring village of Geroldsau as a fief to Abbess Adelheid von Baden in 1288 , the common history of the two villages and their development into the later municipality of Lichtental began.

Abbess Adelheid stood up for the rights of her subjects and settled disputes. Since 1288 the residents have had the right to use the Baden district. who operated the woodwork of the Küblerei . They conducted a lively trade with their products, because thanks to a special privilege granted to the monastery, all markets and streets of the entire margraviate of Baden were open to them. In 1445 there was a hostel in Beyern . In 1572 the Lichtentaler "Bären" was mentioned for the first time. The Löwenwirtshaus also stood in the 16th century. Both inns were then inherited from the monastery.

In addition to woodwork, the residents also farmed and raised cattle as far as the steep slopes of the valley allowed. Cattle, sheep and pigs were kept. The buildings of the monastery sheep farm were on the Schafberg and 400 sheep grazed there.

The sunny side of the Schafberg once supported the monastery vineyards. But many a farmer had also planted a vineyard on his fiefdom.

The community center was in Unterbeuern. Here the men signed up in the citizens' register in order to receive their citizenship at the age of 25.

When the inhabitants of the valley were released from the abbess's feudal lordship in 1803, Beuern owned around 180 houses. What was still missing was a church of its own. Until 1809, Beuern still belonged to the parish of Baden. Then it was declared an independent parish and received a pastor. Services were held in the monastery church until the Catholic parish church of St. Boniface was completed in 1869. In 1907 the Evangelical Luther Church was built.

In 1815 the nuns took over the lessons of the Beuern girls and the so-called industrial school , in which the girls learned the necessary feminine handicrafts. At the request of Grand Duchess Luise , a kind of school kitchen was set up in the monastery around 1900 and cooking and housekeeping lessons were given there. In 1859, Luise helped initiate the Baden women's association , which was committed to women's education in rural areas. In Baden , and later also in other countries, there were, among other things, traveling cooking courses. These took place mainly in the winter months, the women's clubs provided teachers and the (mobile) kitchen equipment. With the increasing number of permanent facilities in Baden (as in Lichtenthal), the hiking schools lost their importance even before the First World War, while in Bavaria they were only systematically expanded afterwards.

Instead, the upper boys classes received regular lessons in the cultivation and care of fruit trees in a tree nursery. The other lessons were given to them by teachers in the classrooms of the town hall built in 1842 on today's Brahmsplatz.

In 1863 the people of Beuern decided to call their community, which at that time had 2847 inhabitants and whose fate had been linked to the abbey for centuries, Lichtental, and in 1909 the community and the monastery were incorporated into the city of Baden-Baden. On March 11, 1943, Lichtenthal was hit by bombs, with the St. Bonifatius Church being badly damaged and completely burned out, so that the service had to be moved to the monastery church.

Clara Schumann and Johannes Brahms lived in Lichtental for a long time. The Brahms House is now a museum and headquarters of the Brahms Society in Baden-Baden.

The uranium mining in Müllenbach , which began in 1975, was discontinued in 1986 due to general protests.


Web links

Commons : Lichtental  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Including Oberbeuern and Geroldsau. City of Baden-Baden: facts and figures. Retrieved July 14, 2016.
  2. Kramer, pp. 30-35
  3. ^ Johannes Kramer: The rural domestic education system in Germany, dissertation at the University of Erlangen, Fulda 1913
  4. ^ Catholic parish office St. Bonifatius: Wir über uns , p. 3. Baden-Baden 2002
  5. ^ Brahms house in Baden-Baden