List of human powered vehicles

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Muscle-powered vehicles are all types of vehicles that are not driven by machines or external forces such as wind, but are moved purely by using the muscle power of the occupants.

The following types of muscle-powered vehicles exist:

Land vehicles

Track guided vehicles



A distinction must be made between aircraft operated with muscle power :

Muscular aerodynamic aircraft

A distinction is made according to the aerodynamic lift principle :

Not to muscle power , however, include aircraft operated in the narrow sense gliders , hang gliders , paragliders or base jumping , as they only externally mostly through thermals supplied upwind or with the consumption of potential energy function in gliding flight, even if they by the rise previously was applied with muscle power. This certainly does not include carrier pigeons , model gliders , paper planes , water rockets , boomerangs or other projectiles that basically do not meet the definition of a vehicle as a construction with the purpose of transport .

Aerostats & Airships

In the case of airships or aerostats , a distinction must still be made as to whether the pilot is himself an occupant in the aircraft or whether he is dragging it from the ground like a barrow :

Muscle-powered airships with passenger transport for occupants
Cargo airships ( aerostats ) maneuvered manually from the ground

Hand-drawn tethered balloons, typically in the form of a zeppelin (elongated), are used or were used to pull the pilot line for pulling overhead lines and the like.

Toys, sports, street art and acrobatics

  • Seated carousel , which is driven by bystanders by hand, possibly while walking along or a passenger pushing off with his foot on the ground
  • Tied up "airplane", pulled and held by means of a curved rod that describes a cone shell. In particular, the wrist and neck joint are suitable for guiding the rod
  • Air fish on a line
  • Poi
  • curved cloth
  • Roller board with pull cord or to push off with hands or feet
  • Skateboard including variants snakeboard, waveboard
  • Balance ball
  • Balancing roll as a cylinder, or with 2 tires or in the form of a cable drum
  • Pedalo
  • Roller skis
  • Roller skates in variants
  • Gym wheel
  • Cross-country skiing on cross-country skis

Gravity driven

  • Zipline with seat plate and outlet on playgrounds, after being pulled up to the starting hill by the later passenger
  • Soapbox Race
  • Skiing during a ski tour

Web links

Commons : Human-powered vehicles  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. House runways, 2001, accessed April 4, 2019 - Vienna.
  2. Note. In Graz: Rauter hardware store (at least until 1993) between Schönaugasse 13 and Jakoministraße through low house vaults; Company NN, Griesgasse 3
  3. Companies registered by the commercial court in Graz December 21, 1937, p. 639.
  4. Miniumfabrik Bleiberger Bergwerks-Union, December 29, 2008, accessed May 15, 2019.
  5. Informations UK / US, accessed December 2, 2017 (English)
  6. Stephane Rousson (nee Zeus): Le vol du Scubster, Nice 2011, published May 27, 2012, accessed December 2, 2017, video (3:48)
  7. New Guinness World Record in Underwater Cycling, November 7, 2014, accessed December 2, 2017.
  9. Duden term definition "vehicle"
  10. Aerosail Stephane Rousson, accessed December 2, 2017.
  11. Stephane Rousson b. Zeus, accessed December 2, 2017 - French.
  12. Total Drone Solution Package “Spider” - The King of Overhead Power Lines Stringing Equipment, MMC, accessed September 23, 2017.