Liutbert (Mainz)

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Liutbert OSB († February 17, 889 ) was the third abbot of the Herrieden monastery and archbishop of Mainz . In 870 he was the first archbishop of Mainz to be appointed arch chaplain and arch chancellor .


Liutbert came from a noble Swabian family and was a monastery teacher in Reichenau Monastery before he became Archbishop of Mainz on November 30, 863.

During his time as Archbishop Liutbert was mainly in the political and sometimes military service of Ludwig the German , Ludwig the Younger and Charles III. He acted as a negotiator in negotiations with the West Frankish King Charles the Bald regarding the division of the Middle Kingdom . After its ruler Lothar II died in 869, Charles was crowned king of the empire in Metz. Archbishop Liutbert, however, succeeded on January 7, 870 Willibert in making a partisan of Ludwig the German the new Archbishop of Cologne, which was the most important diocese of the Middle Kingdom. The new Archbishop of Cologne was supposed to secure Ludwig's claims regarding the Middle Kingdom. Liutbert was rewarded for this action by Ludwig with the position of arch chaplain and arch chancellor . He was the first Archbishop of Mainz to hold this dual office. After him it was only awarded again to Archbishop Heriger (913-927). From 965 it was permanently connected to the Mainz Erzstuhl.

When, after the death of the Duke and Margrave of the Sorbian margrave Thakulf (848–873), the Siusili (on both sides of the lower hollow) no longer felt bound by the contracts concluded with him, Archbishop Liutbert and the new Margrave Ratolf quickly moved there in January 774 them and restored the previous state without war.

During his tenure, Vikings made raids up the Rhine several times . In the summer of 882 they devastated Cologne, Bonn and Andernach. In the vicinity of Andernach, numerous churches and monasteries were also looted and set on fire. When the Vikings turned towards Mainz, they were repulsed by an army led by Liutbert and Count Heinrich von Babenberg .

After the empire in 882 on Charles III. had passed over, Liutbert was replaced in the office of arch chaplain and arch chancellor by his favorite Liutward von Vercelli , but reinstated in 887. In the same year, however, Karl lost the rule in Eastern Franconia to Arnulf von Kärnten , who transferred the dual office to the Archbishop of Salzburg. At least the Mainz continuation of the Annales Fuldenses , in which Karl and Liutward were portrayed negatively, was created in the context of Liutbert .

Liutbert led synods within the church in 868 and 888, which dealt with church issues in the East Franconian Empire. He campaigned for a certain independence of the monasteries and towards the end of his pontificate founded the Mauritian monastery in Mainz , which in the Middle Ages was the baptismal church of the Liebfrauenstift , which in turn was the baptistery of the cathedral monastery .

Liutbert died on February 17, 889 and was probably buried in St. Alban .


  1. ^ Meginhard: Annales Fuldensis sive Annales regni Francorum orientalis . In: Friedrich Kurz (Ed.): MGH, SS rer. Germ. Hanover 1891, p. 81 .
  2. Jennifer Striewski: Vikings on the Middle Rhine. Rhenish History Portal, February 25, 2013, accessed on February 26, 2014 .


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predecessor Office successor
Charles of Aquitaine Archbishop of Mainz