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Swedish cavalry with spiked hats
Guard in front of the Stockholm Palace

The Livgarde (or with suffigiertem Article Livgardet, German: bodyguard ) is from infantry and cavalry existing regiment of the Swedish army , which in Kungsängen in the town of Upplands-Bro and in Stockholm in garrison is located.


In the event of war, the Livguard is jointly responsible for defending the Swedish capital Stockholm. In times of peace the carries Livbataljon the body- and property protection against the Swedish royal family .


The Livgarde was formed in 2000 through the merger of the Svea Livgarde with the Livgardesbrigaden and the Association of Livgardets Dragoons .

History of the Svea Livgarde

The later Svea Livgarde was set up in 1521 from 16 men from Dalarna as bodyguards for Gustav Wasa . After Gustav Vasa was crowned King of Sweden , the unit was expanded to form the Royal Hellbardier Corps . At the beginning of the Thirty Years' War the association was expanded to a regiment and accompanied King Gustav Adolf to the theater of war in Germany . After Gustav Adolf's death in the Battle of Lützen , the regiment accompanied his body to Stockholm and performed her guard duty there again under Queen Christina .

Under the Wittelsbach Kings, the regiment was restructured after the destruction of the Stockholm Palace in 1697 and used for military operations as part of the Great Northern War . After the reconstruction of the royal palace, the soldiers performed their regular guard duty again.

When King Adolf Friedrich tried to revolt in the palace, the bodyguard played a decisive role. She was also on August 19, 1772 at the putsch of King Gustav III. involved - the “proudest day” of the life guards - while June 20, 1810 (lynching of Riksmarskalk Axel von Fersen ) is regarded as the “most shameful day”.

Between 1792 and 1806 the soldiers were housed in Fredrikshov and were used for various tasks (among other things, the commander of Stockholm set up the association for the maintenance of public order). In 1888 they moved into the barracks in Linnégatan, before moving to Ulriksdal in 1946 . In 1970 the guard was moved to Kungsängen.

In 2000 the association was dissolved and integrated into the newly created Livguard .

History of the Livguard Brigades

The Livgardesbrigaden was established in 1521 by Gustav Wasa as Hans Nådis fotgångare ( German: His grace's own foot soldiers ). This elite unit was the size of an infantry brigade of the time. In 1523 it was renamed Gårdsfänikan . In addition to the missions in the capital Stockholm, the soldiers were also used in military campaigns.

Between 1608 and 1626 King Gustav Adolf only had a mounted body regiment temporarily available, the level of training of which was also not outstanding. In 1626 the Royal Regiment was established as a field unit, which when fighting alongside the Royal Bodyguard was referred to as the Yellow Brigade because of its yellow uniforms . In 1635 the regiment changed to French services.

Between 1654 and 1657 King Karl Gustav had a mixed field unit (consisting of infantry and cavalry) set up. This remained in the field until 1718. The association was then called in to guard duty in Stockholm and played an important role in the political intrigues at the Swedish royal court. Towards the end of the reign, another association was set up, whereupon the previous main unit was called the First Life Guard .

The First Life Guard took part in the war against Russia (1808-1809) and in the coalition wars . Under Crown Prince Karl Johann , the guard was divided into battalions among individual brigades of the Swedish army.

After the coalition wars, the Livgardesbrigaden was formed, consisting of the Svea Livgarde , the Göta Livgarde and the Hans Majestet Kongens Garde . The commander of the brigade was also the commander-in-chief of the 4th Military District, which later became the 4th Division . As part of the restructuring of the Swedish army, this division was dissolved and a 4th military district was re-established.

In 2000 the association was dissolved and integrated into the newly created Livguard .

History of the Livgardets Dragoons

The roots of mounted Swedish units go back to the Swedish struggle for independence under Gustav Wasa; however, the size of the units was dependent on the availability of horses and horse feed. In 1667 the Livgardets Dragoons were set up. In the Battle of Lund , unity played a crucial role. In the battle of Poltava the bandage was broken.

In 1791 the regiment was set up again. The unit initially consisted of infantry , hussars and cuirassiers and these were renamed Livgardets Dragoons in 1815 .

The unit also has roots in Finland ; In 1770 Magnus Sprengporten set up a cavalry unit called the Finnish Light Cavalry , after the coup of King Gustav III. in 1772 the unit was raised to a guard unit.

In 1928 these two units were merged to form a cavalry unit with four squadrons, which were stationed in Lidingövägen near Stockholm. During the Second World War the unit was motorized as a fire brigade unit and used for border protection. In 2000 the association was dissolved and integrated into the newly created Livguard .


The Livguard is structured as follows:

  • Leib battalion (Livbataljon)
    • Battalion Staff (Bataljonsstaben)
    • Livskvadron: The squadron is the only actual mounted cavalry unit in the entire Swedish army and also performs guard duty in this form.
  • 7th Battalion (7th Bataljon)
  • 13th Security Battalion (13th Säkerhetsbataljon)
    • Sicherheitskompanie Land (Säkerhetskompani mark), an army association
    • Sicherheitskompanie See (Säkerhetskompani sjö), a fleet association
  • 14th Military Police Company (14th Military Police Company)
  • 15th Military Police Company (15th Military Police Company)
  • Operations command Stockholm (Insatsledning Stockholm), will become part of the Eastern Military Region (Östra militaryregionen) on January 1, 2013
  • Army dog ​​service (Försvarsmaktens hundtjänstenhet)
  • International Army Center (Försvarets internationella centrum)
  • Military music ( Försvarsmusiken ), three corps
  • 3 Hemvärnsgrupper, military reserve formations made up of volunteers

Web links

Commons : Livgarde  - collection of images, videos and audio files