Changing of the guard

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As a guard or changing of the guard to hand over the will guard service between two or more persons or forces called. The changing of the guard can have a ceremonial meaning and is regulated by certain regulations in the military . In the Bundeswehr , changing the guard is regulated by the Central Service Regulations (ZDv) 10/6.


The “ Great Wachaufzug Unter den Linden ” in Berlin was a military ritual of honor that the Prussian Guard Grenadier Regiment No. 1 carried out for the first time on September 18, 1818 on the occasion of Tsar Alexander I's visit .

Until German reunification in 1990, two soldiers from the Friedrich Engels Guard Regiment stood as honor guards in front of the Neue Wache during the day . Every Wednesday and Saturday at 2:30 p.m., an honorary formation from the GDR Guard Regiment pulled up to the “Great Guard Elevator”.

Since the day of national mourning in 1993, the Neue Wache has served as the central memorial of the Federal Republic of Germany for the victims of war and tyranny. On the day of popular mourning, the guard battalion at the Federal Ministry of Defense will provide an honor guard for the building.


Changing of the guard of the Evzones , Athens
Changing of the guard of the Luxembourg guards in front of the Grand Ducal Palace

In Athens there is an hourly changing of the guard in front of the grave of the unknown soldier on Syntagma Square in front of the Parliament building .

Great Britain

In London there are daily changing of the guard at Horse Guards ( cavalry guards ) as well as at St James's Palace and Buckingham Palace ( infantry guards ) in summer and every other day in winter.

The same applies to Windsor Castle , where the guard is also provided by the Guard Infantry.


The two Canadian Guards Infantry Regiments put guards in front of Rideau Hall and on Parliament Hill in Ottawa , which are changed daily with a ceremony similar to that of the British.


In Stockholm the changing of the guard takes place every day at 12 noon (Sundays at 1 p.m.) in front of the Royal Palace . In addition to the bodyguard with about 200 days of watch, regiments from all over the country take part. In addition to the exchange of guards, the accompanying military band usually gives a concert. Around 50 parades of the guard are mounted each year, which means that the guard and the trumpet corps go on horseback to the Royal Palace; dismounts and performs the changing of the guard on foot.

Czech Republic

In the courtyard (also called the courtyard of honor ) of Prague Castle on the Hradschin , a magnificent changing of the guard has taken place every day at 12 noon since post-communist times. The guards in their pompous uniforms also keep watch at all entrances to the castle, but they also have a simple changing of the guard every hour on the hour.

United States of America

In front of the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier at Arlington National Cemetery , which is constantly guarded by a soldier, there is a ceremonial changing of the guard every half hour during the day in summer, every hour during the day in winter and every other hour at night. The watch is taken over by a lone soldier from the 3rd US Infantry Regiment . During the watch, he takes exactly 21 steps on a 63 foot long sidewalk, stands facing the tomb for exactly 21 seconds, stands in the opposite direction for another 21 seconds and then repeats this process. The watch is kept in all weathers.

The guard post at the grave of the unknown soldier has been permanently manned since July 2, 1937.


country place unit frequency comment
Chile Santiago de Chile : La Moneda Guardia de Palacio de Carabineros de Chile Every uneven day at 10 a.m., including weekends
Denmark Copenhagen : Amalienborg Palace The Congregational Livguard Daily at 12 noon Big changing of the guard "Kongevagt", only when the monarch resides in the castle
Greece Athens : Syntagma Square Evzones Hourly Big changing of the guard on Sundays at 11 a.m.
India New Delhi : Rashtrapati Bhavan President's Bodyguard and a rotating regiment of the Indian Army Every Saturday, in summer at 8 a.m., in winter at 10 a.m.
Italy Rome : Quirinal Palace , Vittoriano Corazzieri , other associations from all over the country Small changing of the guard at 6 p.m. in summer and at 4 p.m. in winter Big Changing of the Guard on Flag Day, January 7th and Festa della Repubblica , June 2nd
Canada Ottawa : Rideau Hall and Confederation Square at the National War Memorial
Québec : Government of Canada
Ottawa: Ceremonial Guard
Québec: 22nd Regiment
Daily at 10 a.m.
Malaysia Kuala Lumpur : Istana Negara Daily at 12 noon
Monaco Prince's Palace in Monaco Compagnie des Carabiniers du Prince Daily at 12 noon
Norway Oslo : Oslo Royal Castle , Akershus Fortress Hans Majestet Kongens Guard Daily at 1.30 p.m. In summer there is a big wake-up watch
Portugal Lisbon : Palácio Nacional de Belém Guarda Nacional Republicana Every 3rd Sunday of the month at 11 a.m.
Russia Moscow : at the tomb of the unknown soldier at the Moscow Kremlin Kremlin Regiment Hourly during the day
Republic of China (Taiwan) Taipei : Chiang Kai-shek National Memorial Hall , Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hall , National Revolutionary Martyrs' Shrine Honor Guard Divisions of the Armed Forces of the Republic of China Every hour during opening hours
San Marino Palazzo Pubblico Guardia di rocca Every half hour from April to September from 8.30 a.m. to 6.30 p.m.
Sweden Stockholm : Stockholm Castle Livguard or a changing regiment of the Swedish armed forces Daily around 12 p.m. (Sundays around 1 p.m.)
Singapore Istana Singapore Armed Forces Military Police Command Every first Sunday of the month at 6 p.m.
Spain Madrid : Palacio Real Guardia Real Wednesdays from 12 p.m. (except July, August and September)
Sri Lanka Colombo : Presidential House Guard Company of the President Every day
South Korea Seoul : Daehanmun Gate at Deoksugung Royal Guard Every day except Monday at 11 a.m., 2 p.m. and 3:30 p.m. In historical uniforms
Turkey Ankara : Anıtkabir Soldiers of the armed forces -
United Kingdom London : Horse Guards , St James's Palace , Buckingham Palace
Windsor : Windsor Castle
Regiment of the Guards Division or Alternate Regiment of a Commonwealth State Daily in summer and every other day at 11.30 a.m. in winter
United States Arlington County : Arlington National Cemetery at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier 3rd Infantry Regiment Every half hour from April 1st to September 30th, every hour from October 1st to March 31st

See also

Web links

Commons : Changing of the Guard  - Collection of images, videos and audio files
Wiktionary: Changing of the guard  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations