Louis François Élie Pelletier, comte de Montmarie , called Louis-François Pelletier (born March 12, 1771 in Boury-en-Vexin , † February 17, 1854 in Pontault-Combault ) was a French general de division of the infantry .
Live and act
Enthusiastic about the ideals of the revolution , Pelletier joined the revolutionary troops together with his younger brother - the later cavalry general Aimé-Sulpice Pelletier . He was able to distinguish himself through bravery several times in the Revolutionary Wars and was also promoted very quickly. As early as 1804 - with the rank of Chef d'escadron - he was appointed as aide-de-camp on the staff of General François-Joseph Lefebvre .
In 1809 Pelletier commanded the suppression of the Tyrolean uprising . He was then transferred to the war in Spain . He fought in front of Buçaco (September 27, 1810), Vinaròs (November 26, 1810) and Sagunto (October 25, 1811). He also took part in the sieges of Ciudad Rodrigo (April / June 1810), Tarragona (May / June 1811) and Valencia (December 1811 / January 1812). After the battle of Vitoria (June 21, 1813) the fortunes of war had turned and he was able to return to France with his troops.
After the Battle of Paris (March 30, 1814) and Napoleon's abdication (→ Abdication ) Pelletier joined the Bourbons and supported King Louis XVIII. During the Restoration he was entrusted with a leading role - as Lieutenant of the Gardes du Corps in the Royal Guard. Pelletier was successful in politics under King Charles X. Between 1824 and 1827 Pelletier represented the Haut-Rhin department in the Chamber of Deputies . In 1827 he resigned his mandate and retired into private life.
He settled in Pontault-Combault and died there three weeks before his 83rd birthday, on February 17, 1854. He found his final resting place in the Père Lachaise cemetery (24th division).
- 1804 Chevalier of the Legion of Honor
- 1809 Baron de l'Émpire
- 1825 Commandeur des Ordre royal et militaire de Saint-Louis
- Knight of the Military Order of St. Henry
- Knight of the Military Max Joseph Order
- Knight of the Military Karl Friedrich Order of Merit
- Grand Officier of the Legion of Honor
- His name can be found on the western pillar (40th column) of the triumphal arch on Place Charles-de-Gaulle ( Paris ).
- David G. Chandler : The campaigns of Napoleon . Weidenfeld, London 1993, ISBN 0-297-81367-6 (reprint of the London 1966 edition).
- Charles Mullié: Biography of the célébrites militaires des armées de terre et de mer de 1789 à 1850 . Poignavant, Paris 1851 (2 volumes).
- Georges Six: Dictionnaire biographique des généraux & amiraux français de la Révolution et de l'Émpire. 1792-1814 . Saffroy, Paris 1999, ISBN 2-901541-06-2 (reprint of Paris 1934 edition).
- Digby Smith : The Greenhill Napoleonic Wars Data Book . Greenhill, London 1998, ISBN 1-85367-276-9 .
- Jean Tulard (Ed.): Dictionnaire Napoléon . Fayard, Paris 1995, ISBN 2-213-02286-0 .
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Pelletier, Louis François Élie|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||French infantry division general|
|DATE OF BIRTH||March 12, 1771|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Boury-en-Vexin|
|DATE OF DEATH||February 17, 1854|
|Place of death||Pontault-Combault|