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Map of the island, with districts: Arosi, Haununu, Bauro, Ravo, Wainoni, Eastern
Map of the island, with districts:
Arosi, Haununu, Bauro, Ravo, Wainoni, Eastern
Waters Pacific Ocean
Archipelago Solomon Islands
Geographical location 10 ° 27 '  S , 161 ° 53'  E Coordinates: 10 ° 27 '  S , 161 ° 53'  E
Location of Makira
length 135 km
width 40 km
surface 3 190  km²
Highest elevation 1250  m
Residents 33,529 (2009)
11 inhabitants / km²
main place Kirakira
Topographic map
Topographic map

Makira (also San Cristóbal ) is with an area of ​​3190 km 2 the largest island in the province of Makira and Ulawa in the Solomon Islands . Owaraha (formerly Santa Ana ) and Owariki (formerly Santa Catalina ), the neighboring islands to the southeast, also belong to the province .

Makira is located 64 km southeast of Guadalcanal . It is also south of Malaita . The capital is Kirakira , located on the north coast of the island . The mountains of the rocky island rise up to 1250 meters in their middle. Only a few tourists visit it. Most of the population is made up of Melanesians . There are several coconut plantations and trading posts on the island.

The first known sighting of Makira by Europeans took place in June 1568 by the Spanish expedition of Alvaro de Mendaña de Neyra . This discovery came during a local sea voyage made by Alférez Hernando Enriquez with the Brigantine Santiago under his command from Guadalcanal, with Hernán Gallego as the pilot. They mapped the island as San Cristóbal .

Web links

Commons : Makira  - collection of images, videos and audio files


  1. ^ San Cristóbal , in: Encyclopædia Britannica online.
  2. ^ Andrew Sharp: The discovery of the Pacific Islands , Oxford, 1960, pp. 46 f .; Donald D. Brand: The Pacific Basin: A History of its Geographical Explorations , The American Geographical Society, New York, 1967, p. 133.
Aboriginal culture