Husband (family)

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Johann Siegmund Mann's coat of arms from 1840 (as head of the poor house in St. Anne's monastery in Lübeck). The family's coat of arms is Mercury , the ancient god of trade (as well as eloquence).

The Mann family is a German literary family that descends from the Lübeck Senator Thomas Johann Heinrich Mann , the head of an old Hanseatic merchant family from the Lübeck patriciate .

His sons Thomas Mann and Heinrich Mann and members of the next generation became writers; they themed among others, the history of the German middle class and educated middle class , and its decadence in numerous, often autobiographical literary works, which the family itself in the public eye as a symbol and late representatives this same layer.


Family grave of the Johann Sigmund Mann family in the Burgtorfriedhof in Lübeck
The house of the Mann family in Lübeck, Mengstraße 4 (" Buddenbrookhaus ")

The history of the Mann family can be traced back to Nuremberg in the 16th century . The clearly verifiable line of ancestors begins with the merchant Johann Mourer Mann from Parchim, born in 1611 . However, a direct line between this and the Nuremberg line cannot be proven beyond doubt. Johann Mourer Mann's two sons married in Grabow , Mecklenburg , where the older of them was elected mayor in 1694 and the younger councilor in 1690 . Johann the Elder, born in 1635, married Elisabeth Marnitz, and Johann the Younger, born in 1644, married her younger sister Anna. Both were daughters of councilor Ebel Marnitz, members of the long-established and wealthy Marnitz merchant family.

The youngest brother's son, Siegmund Mann, moved to Rostock in 1713 . One of his sons, Joachim Siegmund, learned the trade of brewer and businessman. His only son, Johann Siegmund, came to Lübeck in 1775 as a tradesman. This, great-great-grandson of Johann Mourer Mann, founded the Johann Siegmund Mann, commission and freight forwarding business in Lübeck in 1790 . His son Johann Siegmund Mann jun. , the grandfather of Heinrich and Thomas Mann, married Elisabeth Marty as the second wife in 1837, the daughter of a wealthy Swiss merchant who was an active member of the respected Reformed community in Lübeck. The Mann family came into contact with the south for the first time since their possible origins in Nuremberg. In 1842 he acquired the house at Mengstrasse 4, built in 1758 (today known as the “ Buddenbrookhaus ”). A family grave of the Mann family is located in the Burgtorfriedhof in the Hanseatic city of Lübeck , the birthplace of Thomas and Heinrich Mann.

The son of Johann Siegmund Mann Jr., Thomas Johann Heinrich Mann , took over the company in 1862. In 1869 he married Julia da Silva-Bruhns (1851–1923), the daughter of a Lübeck merchant who emigrated to Brazil and the daughter of a Portuguese-born plantation owner . In 1877 he was elected Senator for Economics and Finance of the city state of Lübeck. This made him the most important politician in the city after the mayor and the rank of minister of a German federal state . His son Thomas Mann processed the history of the family up to him in the novel " Buddenbrooks " , published in 1901 and awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1929 . Thomas' older brother Heinrich Mann wrote important, often socially critical novels, influenced by the French novel of the 19th century, and was President of the Poetry Section of the Prussian Academy of the Arts .

In 1905 Thomas Mann married Katia Pringsheim from Munich, from the wealthy Pringsheim Jewish merchant family . Of their six children, three also became famous as writers, Erika (1905–1969), Klaus (1906–1949) and Golo (1909–1994), the latter as a qualified historian. Thomas Mann and his entire family emigrated, like his brother Henry, 1933 in the seizure of power of Hitler abroad and worked from there as much acclaimed representatives of the political and literary emigrants during the exile literature . Golo Mann was the only one to return to Germany, became a professor of political science and one of the most famous German historians of the 20th century.

Tribe list

Thomas Johann Heinrich Mann.jpg Thomas Johann Heinrich Mann
Heinrich Thomas Mann.jpg Heinrich and Thomas Mann
Katia Mann (1905) .jpg Katia man
Erika Mann NYWTS.jpg Erika Mann
Klaus Mann.jpg Klaus Mann
Golo-mann-1978-2011-25-05.png Golo man
  1. Johann Siegmund Mann (1761–1848) - Lübeck businessman and Anna Catharina Grotjan (1766–1842)
    1. Johann Siegmund Mann jr. (1797–1863) - Lübeck businessman and Emilie Wunderlich (1806–1833), second marriage from 1837 to Elisabeth Marty (1811–1890)
      1. Marie Elisabeth Amalia Mann (1838–1917) and Ernst Elfeld (1829–1912) - Hamburg merchants; second marriage with Gustav Haag - Esslinger Kaufmann
        1. Olga Catharina Elisabeth Elfeld
        2. Siegmund Christian Carl Elfeld
        3. Alice Haag
        4. Ewald Siegmund Henry Haag
      2. Johannes Mann (1842–1844)
      3. Olga Marie Mann (1845–1886) and Gustav Sievers - merchant in Saint Petersburg
      4. Friedrich Wilhelm Lebrecht Mann (1847–1926)
      5. Thomas Johann Heinrich Mann (1840–1891) - Lübeck businessman and Julia da Silva-Bruhns (1851–1923)
        1. Luiz Heinrich Mann (1871–1950) - writer and Maria Kanová (1886–1947), divorced in 1930, second marriage in 1939 to Nelly Kröger (1898–1944)
          1. Carla Maria Henriette Leonie Mann (1916–1986) and Ludvík Aškenazy (1921–1986) - writers
            1. Jindřich Mann-Aškenazy (born 1948) - director
            2. Ludvik Mann-Aškenazy (born 1956) - filmmaker
        2. Paul Thomas Mann (1875–1955) - Nobel Prize for Literature and Katharina "Katia" Pringsheim (1883–1980)
          1. Erika Mann (1905–1969) - writer, cabaret artist and Gustaf Gründgens (1899–1963) - actor, director; second marriage to Wystan H. Auden (1907–1973) - poet
          2. Klaus Mann (1906–1949) - writer
          3. Gottfried Golo Mann (1909–1994) - historian, writer
            1. Hans Beck-Mann (adopted son) (1936–1986)
          4. Monika Mann (1910–1992) - writer and Jenö Lányi (1902–1940) - art historian
          5. Elisabeth Mann Borgese (1918–2002) - ecologist, writer and Giuseppe Antonio Borgese (1882–1952) - literary scholar
            1. Angelica Borgese (born 1940) - physicist
            2. Dominica Borgese (* 1944) - biologist
          6. Michael Thomas Mann (1919–1977) - musician, literary scholar and Gret Moser (1916–2007)
            1. Fridolin "Frido" Mann (* 1940) - psychologist, writer and Christine Heisenberg (daughter of Werner Heisenberg )
              1. Stefan Mann (* 1968) - economist and agricultural scientist and Kristina Zschiegner (* 1964)
                1. Lukas Mann (* 1994)
                2. Julia Mann (* 1996)
                3. Konstantin Mann (* 1998)
            2. Anthony Mann (* 1942)
            3. Raju Mann (adopted daughter) (* 1963)
        3. Julia Elisabeth Therese Mann (1877–1927) and Josef Löhr (1862–1922) - bank directors
          1. Eva Maria Elisabeth Löhr (1901–1968) and Hans Bohnenberger (1901–1989) - bank clerk
          2. Rosa Marie Julia Löhr (1907–1994) - horticultural technician and Friedrich Alder (1914–1942) - gardener
          3. Ilse Marie Julia Löhr (* 1907) - infant sister
        4. Carla Augusta Olga Maria Mann (1881–1910) - actress
        5. Karl Viktor Mann (1890–1949) - economist and Magdalena Nelly Kilian (1895–1962)

Literature (selection)


Web links

Commons : Man (Family)  - Collection of pictures, videos, and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Hans Wißkirchen: The Mann family . Rowohlt, 1999, 6th edition January 2007, p. 10f.
  2. Peter de Mendelssohn: The magician: The life of the German writer Thomas Mann , Fischer Verlag, Frankfurt / M., 1975