Mauriz Schuster

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Mauriz Schuster , also Mauritius Schuster (born January 11, 1879 in Lundenburg , Moravia , † July 13, 1952 in Neulengbach ), was an Austrian classical philologist and high school teacher.


Mauriz Schuster, the son of a railway engineer, grew up in Lundenburg and later in Vienna on, attended the elementary school and high school and then studied at the University of Vienna first law . In 1897 he switched to classical philology under the influence of Karl Schenkl ; In addition to his lectures, he also heard the philologists Hans von Arnim , Theodor Gomperz , Edmund Hauler and Friedrich Marx as well as the archaeologists Otto Benndorf , Eugen Bormann and Emil Reisch . Schuster was a member of the philological seminar for four semesters and passed the teaching examination in 1902 in Latin, Greek (both major) and German (minor). On May 22, 1903, with an (unprinted) dissertation on the Horace imitation by Sidonius Apollinaris , he was awarded a Dr. phil. PhD .

After completing his studies, Schuster taught as a high school professor in Wels , Mährisch Ostrau and Vienna (Wiener Neustadt, later Vienna V) and also continued his scientific work. From September 1, 1924 to August 31, 1926, he was given leave of absence by the Austrian Federal Ministry of Education to work on the Thesaurus Linguae Latinae . There he wrote articles for Volume VI 2). In 1930 he completed his habilitation in Classical Philology at the University of Vienna, where he held lectures and exercises as a private lecturer, and from 1935 as associate professor. In 1937 he retired as a high school teacher. However, he continued to teach at the University of Vienna until he resigned after the end of the summer semester in 1945 for health reasons. He spent his retirement in Neulengbach .

Schuster dealt in his research with the Roman poetry of classical and post-classical period, especially with Catullus , Propertius , Tibullus and Pliny -Briefen. He submitted text editions, translations (his selection of Pliny letters at Reclam Verlag was particularly successful ) and special studies on these poets and also wrote relevant articles for Pauly's Real Encyclopedia of Classical Classical Studies (RE). Beyond this research focus, however, Schuster was familiar with all of Latin literature from Old Latin to Neo-Latin , which is particularly evident in his treatment of Alfred Kappelmacher's literary history (1934) and the numerous school editions of Latin writers. Schuster also propagated late , middle and neo-Latin texts as transitional reading at grammar school and secondary school. Together with his colleague Emil Gaar , he also wrote Latin textbooks (e.g. the Liber Latinus ) and grammars that remained in use until the 1970s.

Outside of specialist circles, Schuster is best known for his late work, a lexicon on the Old Viennese dialect (1951), which is considered a standard work.

Fonts (selection)

  • C. Valerius Catullus' all the poems in German translation together with detailed explanations . Vienna 1906. 2nd edition 1910. 3rd edition 1950
  • Studies on the textual criticism of the younger Pliny . Vienna 1919
  • Antiquity and German culture . Vienna 1926
  • The school doctor and gender instruction at middle and higher educational institutions. Perceptions and suggestions . Vienna 1928
  • Tibullus Studies. Contributions to the explanation and criticism of Tibullus and the Corpus Tibullianum . Vienna 1930 (habilitation thesis). Reprint Hildesheim 1968
  • C. Pliny Caecilius Secundus: Epistularum libri novem . Leipzig 1933. Editio altera aucta et correctior 1952. Editio tertia 1958. Reprint 1992 ( Bibliotheca Teubneriana )
  • Plinio il Giovane: Lettere scelte. Con commento archeologico di K. Lehmann-Hartleben . Florence 1936
  • Eugippius Life of Saint Severin . Vienna 1946
  • Catulli Veronensis liber . Leipzig 1948. Editio altera 1954. Improved reprint 1958 ( Bibliotheca Teubneriana )
  • Old Viennese. A dictionary of obsolete and obsolete Viennese expressions and idioms from the last 7 decades . Vienna 1951
    • Revised by Hans Schikola : Language teaching in Viennese dialect (Schuster-Schikola) . Vienna 1956. Reprint Vienna 1984
  • Pliny: From ancient Rome. Selected letters . Stuttgart 1953. Reprints 1954, 1960, 1966, 1970, 1981, 1983, 1985, 1987, 1990, 1994 ( Reclams Universal Library 7787)
  • Sex. Properties: Elegiarum libri IV . Leipzig 1954. Editio altera 1956 ( Bibliotheca Teubneriana )
School expenses
  • A selection of letters from the younger Pliny. Edited and explained for school use . Leipzig. 2nd edition 1913. 4th revised edition 1923
  • Cicero: Philosophical Writings . Leipzig 1926
  • Phaedri Augusti liberti Fabulae Aesopiae . Leipzig 1926
  • Pliny the Younger: Letters . Leipzig 1926
  • Horace: Odes and Epodes . Leipzig 1927
  • Phaedrus: Choice of Fables. With a look at the rest of the ancient and modern fables . Leipzig 1928
  • Horace: satires and epistles . Leipzig 1929
  • Late Latin, Middle Latin, New Latin. A selection from writers from the end of antiquity, from the Latin literature of the Middle Ages, the humanist era and from the neo-Latin literature . Vienna 1929. 2nd, essentially unchanged edition 1935–1937
  • A selection of philosophical writers and letters from the Romans (Cicero, Seneca, Pliny) . Vienna 1929–1935. 2nd edition 1932, expanded by an appendix
  • M. Tullius Cicero: Writings in selection . Vienna 1930
  • C. Julius Caesar: Commentarii de bello Gallico in selection . Vienna 1930. New editions Leipzig 1932, Leipzig / Vienna 1933
  • Titus Livius: Roman History in Selection. In addition to an appendix: From the older Roman literature . Leipzig / Vienna 1932. 2nd, essentially unchanged edition, Leipzig 1934
  • Thucydides in selection. In addition to an appendix: From the speakers and politicians of the Demosthenic era . Vienna / Leipzig 1934
  • T. Maccius Plautus: Mostellaria . Vienna / Leipzig 1934
  • Augustus and his work. The Monumentum Ancyranum together with a selection from Virgil, Horace and Suetonius . Vienna / Leipzig 1938
  • Germanism with Caesar and Tacitus. Selection from Caesar's Gallic War; Tacitus' Germania; Selection from Tacitus' annals and histories . Vienna / Leipzig 1939. New edition Vienna 1940. 2nd edition 1943
  • The report of the facts of the emperor Augustus . Vienna 1940
  • C. Julius Caesar: The Teutons . 2nd edition Leipzig / Vienna 1942
  • Thucydides in selection. In accordance with the curriculum of the Federal Ministry of Education and the guidelines of the Working Group of Classical Philologists with an introduction . Vienna 1950. 2nd, revised edition 1957
  • August Scheindler: Latin grammar . 13th revised edition, Vienna 1928. 14th revised edition 1932. 15th revised edition 1936
  • Alfred Kappelmacher : The literature of the Romans up to the Carolingian era. Finished by Mauriz Schuster after the author's death . Potsdam 1934


  • Emil Gaar: Mauriz Schuster † . In: Anzeiger für die Altarwissenschaft . Volume 5 (1952), Col. 195f.
  • In memory of university professor Dr. Mauriz Schuster (January 11, 1879 - July 13, 1952) . In: Vienna Studies . Volume 68 (1955), pp. 153-168 (with list of publications)
  • Dietfried Krömer , Manfred Flieger (ed.): Thesaurus stories. Contributions to a Historia Thesauri linguae Latinae by Theodor Bögel (1876–1973) . Leipzig 1996. ISBN 3-8154-7101-X , p. 202
  • Franz Römer , Sonja Martina Schreiner: Discontinuities. Classical Philology in National Socialism . In: Mitchell G. Ash, Wolfram Nieß, Ramon Pils (Eds.): Humanities in National Socialism. The example of the University of Vienna . Göttingen 2010, pp. 317–342 (on Schuster especially pp. 324–326)

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. De C. Solii Apollinaris Sidonii imitationibus ac studiis Horationii , Archive of the University of Vienna, Philosophical Faculty, Rigorosenakten, PH RA 1409 .