Michelangelo Tonti

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Michelangelo Tonti (* late 1566 in Rimini , † April 21, 1622 in Rome ) was an Italian clergyman and cardinal of the Roman Church .


Michelangelo Tonti studied at the University of Bologna and received a doctorate in law . He also had a degree in music and worked in Rome as organist at the Hospital San Rocco a Ripetta . He later became procurator of Francesco Borghese , the brother of Camillo Borghese and from 1605 to 1621 Pope Paul V , and chief auditor at Scipione Cardinal Caffarelli-Borghese . He was also a canon of the Lateran Basilica . In 1605 he became the first finance secretary to Paul V .; he gained considerable wealth and reputation through his acquaintance with the Borghese Pope.

On November 5, 1608, he was named titular archbishop of Nazareth . He was ordained bishop on November 16, 1608 by Fabio Biondi , Patriarch of Jerusalem ; Co- consecrators were Metello Bichi , Bishop of Sovana , and Giambattista Leni , Bishop of Mileto .

On November 24, 1608, Michelangelo Tonti was elevated to cardinalate by Pope Paul V and on December 10, 1608 appointed cardinal priest of the titular church of San Bartolomeo all'Isola . He was also appointed archpriest of the first Church of Mary in the West, the Basilica Liberiana (Santa Maria Maggiore) .

On March 11, 1609 he became Bishop of Cesena with the personal title of Archbishop . In 1612 he moved from Rome to Cesena after disputes with Pope Paul V. He was ordered to have a daily mass for Pope Paul V in the church of Loreto , which belongs to his diocese . Cardinal Tonti did not return to Rome until after the death of Paul V in 1621. He was a participant in the 1621 conclave , in which Gregory XV. was elected Pope. On October 13, Tonti was assigned the Basilica of San Pietro in Vincoli as the new titular church.

In 1622 he founded the Collegio Nazareno , one of the most renowned educational and study institutions in Rome in the 17th and 18th centuries. José Calasanz , whose Piarist Order was constituted with the help of Cardinal Tontis, became the founding rector .

He was acquainted with the Italian painter Antonio Marziale Carracci and the French sculptor Nicolas Cordier .

He died in 1622 and was buried in the church of Santissimo Nome di Gesù in Rome.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ A b Irene Bald Romano: Classical sculpture . University of Pennsylvania, Museum of Archeology and Anthropology, 2006, ISBN 978-1-931707-84-8 , pp. 245 ( limited preview in Google Book Search [accessed November 10, 2016]).
  2. ^ "History of the Piarist Order" , accessed on November 19, 2016