upper course: Oosbach
right source stream: Schliffersbach
lower course: Ooser Landgraben
The Oos in the parks of Lichtentaler Allee
|Water code||EN : 2366|
|location||Baden-Wuerttemberg , Germany|
|Drain over||Murg → Rhine → North Sea|
|Headwaters||Bach of the source Schliffersbach on pancakes mountain in Nordschwarzwald
|muzzle||In Rastatt in the Murg
|Height difference||approx. 575 m|
|Bottom slope||approx. 23 ‰|
|length||25.2 km including Schliffersbach and Ooser Landgraben|
|Drain at the Baden-Baden gauge||
|60 l / s
200 l / s
1.42 m³ / s
According to tradition, the Celts are said to have called the watercourse "Ausawa", which means something like shiny or brightly shining water.
The source area of the Oos is located on the northern slope of the Eierkuchenberg in the northern Black Forest , near the almost 700 meters high Waldgasthaus Scherrhof. Several small, mostly nameless streams merge in this area to form the Oos. The two largest streams are named Scherrbach and Kälberwasser. The headwaters are an important source of drinking water, which is stored in elevated water tanks.
Around 430 meters of difference in altitude have to be covered from the headwaters northwards until the Oos passes the Forellenhof near Gaisbach and makes its way westwards through the valley.
Until the middle of the 19th century, the Oos flowing in this section of the valley was divided into different arms. On August 1, 1851, the mostly harmless body of water swelled massively after a downpour, washing tree trunks and parts of houses that destroyed the city's bridges. An emergency bridge at the Hôtel d'Angleterre made it possible for the spa guests to reach the conversation house and the casino .
This disaster triggered the correction and containment of the Oos. She received her bed that still exists today.
In Baden-Baden, after the Lichtentaler Allee and the Brenners Park-Hotel & Spa , the Oos flows through the Kaiserallee, past the Kurhaus , the pump room and the Hotel Europäische Hof , under the Hindenburgplatz and disappears at the level of the Festspielhaus to the intersection of Waldseestrasse and Eisenbahnstraße underground again.
There, too, it was regulated in the 19th century. To eradicate a centuries-old swamp, the Oos was divided after 1851. Opposite the present Friedenskirche an arm was directed to the west to the Sandbach coming from the Bühler area. The second arm made its way north towards Sandweier .
The northward arm runs east past Sandweier to Rastatt - Niederbühl . From Sandweier onwards it is referred to as Ooser Landgraben . The Ooser Landgraben flows into the Murg in Rastatt above the Murg Bridge of the Rhine Valley Railway . The Murg flows into the Rhine near stone walls .
Source streams, tributaries of the 1st order and dividing arms, as far as they are named on the geodata viewer of the state of Baden-Württemberg, from the origin downwards. With lengths and partly catchment areas. With several larger 2nd order tributaries, especially the Grobbach, also indented in a downstream order under the receiving water.
Confluence of Oosbachs to aboutat the southern end of the valley in the Zwiesel . The Oosbach runs northwards from here.
- Schliffersbach, right Quellbach, 1.1 km. Source at about
in the Breitenbrunnen .
- Calf water , from the right to about in Zwieselschlag , 0.7 km .. Source at about north of the Scherrhof.
- Scherrbach , left source stream, 1.5 km. Highest source at about southeast above the Scherrhof on the slope of the Eierkuchenberg .
- (Inflow), from the left, 1.7 km.
- Farngraben , from the right to about , 1.2 km. Source at about at the breakthrough hut.
- Rubach , from the right to about near Gaisbach , 4.6 km and 5.2 km². Source at about west below the Rote Lache pass . The Oosbach turns west at this tributary.
- Müllenbächel , from the right to about after a few fish ponds, 1.5 km. Source at about west of the Gernsbach residential area Müllenbild (nightingale).
- Hörschbach or Hörschenbächel from the left to below on the eastern edge of Oberbeuren, 0.9 km. Source at about .
- Horlach , from the right in Oberbeuren, 2.0 km. Source at about .
- Schluttenbach or Schluttenbächel , from the left in Oberbeuren, with another, somewhat shorter source branch 1.5 km .. Source at about on the northern slope of the Öserstein .
- Märzenbach , from the right in Oberbeuren, 1.4 km. Source at about on the southern slope of the Kleine Staufenberg .
- Pfrimmersbach ', from the right in Oberbeuren, 1.7 km. Source at about on the southwest slope of the Kleine Staufenberg.
- Heimbach , from the right in Lichtental , 2.1 km. Source at about on the western slope of the Kleiner Staufenberg.
Grobbach , from the left at Brahmsplatz in Lichtental, 11.0 km and 35.6 km. Source at about east of the Bühlertal residential area Oberer Plättig on the slope of the apron head . From around this tributary, the Oosbach now runs as Oos to the northwest.
- Froschbach , from the right to about at Schwanenwasen , 0.9 km. Source at about north of the lower plateau .
- Latschgraben , from the right to about opposite the Grobbachhof in Baden-Baden, 0.9 km. Source at about south of the Urberg .
- Harzbach , from the right to about between Lanzenfelsen and Eberkopf , 4.1 km and 11.3 km². Source at about on the western slope of the Eierkuchenberg .
- Hodenbach , from the left to below at Baden-Badener Bütthof, 1.7 km. Source at over south of the Wettersberg .
- A little after the inlet of the Hodenbach, the Grobbach falls down the Geroldsauer waterfall .
- Littersbach , from the right to below front of the Baden-Baden district of Geroldsau , 3.4 km. Source at about northwest of the Scherrhof.
- Malschbächel , from the left to about in Geroldsau , 2.5 km. Source at about at the room .
- Ibach , from the left to below in Geroldsau, 2.4 km. Source at about north of the Iberst , 2.4 km.
- Übelsbach , from the right in the southern Lichtental, 3.3 km. Higher secondary sources up to on the northern slope of the Steinberg .
- Falkenbach , from the right in southern Baden-Baden, 2.7 km and 2.4 km². Source at about on the western slope of Mercury .
- Gunzenbach or Gunzenbächel , from the left almost opposite the previous one, 2.8 km and 2.5 km². Source at about under the saddle at the pool .
- Herchenbach , from the left immediately after the previous one at the beginning of the Gönneranlage , 1.5 km. Arises at about at the Rappenhalde .
- Rotenbach , from the right at the bridge on Sophienstrasse, 3.4 km. Source at about at the north foot of Mercury.
- Benzenwinkelbach , from the right, 1.0 km. Source at about on the southwest slope of the Battert under Hohenbaden Castle .
- Michelbach , from the left between E. Schlapperplatz and Verfassungsplatz, 3.6 km and 3.4 km². Source at about on the western slope of the Korbmattenkopf .
- Weißer-Weg-Bächle , from the left between Verfassungs- and Ebertplatz, 1.2 km and 0.3 km². Source at about at the powder stone .
- Galgenbächel , from the right shortly after Ebertplatz, 1.4 km and 1.3 km². Source at about west under Hohenbaden.
- Silberbächel , from the left in front of the Aumatt Stadium, 1.4 km and 0.9 km². Source at about on the eastern slope of the Kälbelskopf .
- Tieflochgraben , from the left to the Ooswinkel settlement in Baden-Baden's Weststadt, 0.9 km. Arises in the area of the landfill under the Kälbelskopf .
- Schweigrother Graben , from the left at the Oosbrücke on Hubertusstraße, 1.2 km and 0.5 km². Source at about under the Ooser Jagdhaus.
- River division at the park in the Oos floodplain in Oos . The right arm of the Ooser Landgraben flows northwards, the rest of the Oos flows westwards in the Oos Canal .
- Eugen Reinhard: Surface forms and water network. In: Landesarchivdirektion Baden-Württemberg, City of Baden-Baden (Hrsg.): The city district of Baden-Baden. (District descriptions of the state of Baden-Württemberg.) Thorbecke, Sigmaringen 1995, ISBN 3-7995-1356-6 , pp. 37–51.
- Franz von Kettner : Description of the Baden Murg and Oosthals , Frankfurt am Main 1843 ( digitized version ).
- Length according to: State Institute for the Environment Baden-Württemberg (LUBW) ( notes )
- Flood forecast center Baden-Württemberg
- Geoportal Baden-Württemberg ( information )
- area to: State Institute for the Environment Baden-Württemberg (LUBW) ( information )
- Name according to Geoportal Baden-Württemberg ( information ), resolution 1: 3.750.
- Name according to: Geoportal Baden-Württemberg ( information )
- Name after: State Institute for the Environment Baden-Württemberg (LUBW) ( information )