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Grafenwohr municipality
Coordinates: 49 ° 41 ′ 56 "  N , 11 ° 47 ′ 39"  E
Height : 495 m above sea level NN
Area : 9.16 km²
Residents : 238  (1933)
Population density : 26 inhabitants / km²
Incorporation : January 1, 1946
Postal code : 92655
Area code : 09641
Pappenberg - ruins of the former parish church

Pappenberg is a former municipality and an extinct parish village ( desert ) on the current site of the Grafenwöhr military training area in the Neustadt an der Waldnaab district in Bavaria . The former Catholic parish Pappenberg also included other areas such as the neighboring communities of Leuzenhof and Höhenberg.


In 1433 three pastors were mentioned in the registers . The Catholic parish church of the Assumption of Mary with origins from the 14th century was formerly a much-visited place of pilgrimage to Mary. A detailed description can be found in “Die Kunstdenkmäler von Bayern - Bezirksamt Eschenbach” (reprint of the 1909 edition by R. Oldenbourg-Verlag Munich / Vienna).

The image of the Virgin Mary is said to have been brought to the Strahov Monastery in Prague during the Thirty Years' War . Research showed that it can no longer be found there. A copy is in Wolfskofen , where the rest of the interior of the Pappenberg Church is also located. When the parish moved away around 1938, 25 families founded a new village with a parish church near Wolfskofen, and the Pappenberg parish moved to Wolfskofen in a canonical sense.

The "Kuckucks-Kirwa" ( cuckoos are said to have been many in the woods ) was known throughout the region . Pappenberger could be teased by imitating the cuckoo's call in their presence, because this was intended to indicate that the inhabitants of the village allegedly roasted cuckoos in the absence of chickens.

The parish was evacuated and dissolved in 1938/39 as part of the expansion of the exercise area that had existed since 1907, and the 628 residents of the entire parish were relocated (subsequently ordered by the Bavarian State Ministry of the Interior from August 22, 1951). The former community belongs to the core area of ​​the Grafenwöhr military training area. The area, which has been free from parishes since 1939, was incorporated into the city of Grafenwöhr on July 1, 1978. Today the ruined tower serves as a target for target practice by NATO troops.


According to the census of 1871, 392 inhabitants were recorded for the municipality Pappenberg, 213 of them in the parish village of the same name. The remaining inhabitants were distributed among the hamlets of Annahütte (99), Grünhund (32) and Wolfslegel (38), a few kilometers east of the village, as well as the Einöde Schmierhütte or Grünhunder Schmierhütte (10).

For the census on June 16, 1925, 268 inhabitants were recorded on an area of ​​916.11 hectares (area status January 1, 1928), which refer to the main town Pappenberg (219) and the hamlets of Grünhund (17), Wolfslegel (9) and Ziegelhütte (3) distributed.

Population development

The population development of the former municipality Pappenberg is shown in the following table:

1840 1852 1855 1861 1867 1871 1875 1880 1885 1890 1895 1900 1905 1910 1919 1925 1933 1939
344 354 355 348 384 392 432 462 472 443 442 481 471 234 231 268 238 -

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Website of the city of Grafenwöhr: Extension of the military training area 1936 - 1939 ( Memento of the original from April 7, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  2. ^ Wilhelm Volkert (ed.): Handbook of Bavarian offices, communities and courts 1799–1980 . CH Beck, Munich 1983, ISBN 3-406-09669-7 , p. 459 .
  3. Complete list of localities of the Kingdom of Bavaria, according to districts, administrative districts, court districts and communities with the addition of parish, school u. Post affiliation. ... with a general location register containing the population according to the results of the census of December 1st. 1875 edited by the Royal Statistical Bureau in Munich, Munich, 1876
  4. ^ Localities directory for the Free State of Bavaria, according to d. Census from June 16, 1925 and territorial status from January 1, 1928, Munich, 1928
  5. Bavarian State Statistical Office (Hrsg.): Historical municipality register: The population of the municipalities of Bavaria in the period from 1840 to 1952 (=  contributions to Statistics Bavaria . Issue 192). Munich 1954, DNB  451478568 , p. 107 , urn : nbn: de: bvb: 12-bsb00066439-3 ( digitized ).


  • Eckehart Griesbach: Grafenwöhr military training area - history of a landscape

Web links