Philipp Bozzini

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Philipp Bozzini (born May 25, 1773 in Mainz , † April 4, 1809 ) was a German doctor and inventor .

Life and work

Bozzini was born in Mainz in 1773 as the son of an Italian immigrant. After completing his school education, Bozzini began studying medicine at the University of Mainz , where he was a student with Samuel Thomas Soemmerring , among other things . Under the influence of Georg von Wedekind , he joined the Jakobin Club in Mainz and took the oath on the revolutionary constitution. To deepen his studies, he moved to the University of Jena in 1794 to listen to theoretical medicine with Christian Gottfried Gruner (1744-1815). His teachers in Jena also included Christoph Wilhelm Hufeland , court medic in Weimar and Justus Christian Loder . Philipp Bozzini returned to Mainz in 1796, where he received his doctorate in the summer of the same year and was appointed associate assessor of the medical faculty on July 13, 1796 . He first settled as a general practitioner in Mainz, after the Treaty of Lunéville in Frankfurt am Main , the city of his mother's birth.

In 1806 Bozzini constructed for the first time what he called a light guide , a rigid medical endoscope , consisting of a lighting device with a wax candle and a concave mirror (concave mirror) in a windowed tube. In addition, he used specula corresponding to the body orifices . The importance of this invention was misunderstood for many years. It was only rediscovered long after his death at the end of the 19th century when the Dresden doctor Maximilian Nitze presented the first electrically illuminated cystoscope in Vienna in 1879 .

Philipp Bozzini died of typhus in 1809 .


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Franz Dumont : Helping and Healing - Medicine and Care in the Middle Ages and Modern Times. In: Franz Dumont (ed.), Ferdinand Scherf , Friedrich Schütz : Mainz - The history of the city. Second edition. Verlag Philipp von Zabern, Mainz 1998, ISBN 3-8053-2000-0 , p. 785.
  2. Philipp Bozzini: The light guide or description of a simple device and its application to illuminate inner cavities and spaces in the living animal body. (Verlag des Landes, Industrie-Comptoirs) Weimar 1807.
  3. Far traveled and returned home - the light guide by Philipp Bozzini , leaflet from the Alumni Club of the Medical University of Vienna, whose Institute for the History of Medicine returned the device in 2001
  4. Horst Kremling : On the development of clinical diagnostics. In: Würzburger medical history reports 23, 2004, pp. 233–261; here: p. 238 f.