Joseph Philippe Pierre Yves Elliott Trudeau PC , CC , QC , CH , FSRC (born October 18, 1919 in Montreal , Québec ; † September 28, 2000 there , usually called Pierre Trudeau ) was Prime Minister of Canada from 1968 to 1984 with one interruption . He belonged to the Liberal Party . His eldest son Justin Trudeau followed him in his political career and also became Prime Minister of Canada on November 4, 2015.
Pierre Trudeau was born in the province of Québec . He attended the Jesuit College Jean de Brébeuf , the Universities of Montreal , Harvard and the Institut d'études politiques de Paris, and the London School of Economics and Political Science . He completed his studies as a lawyer and political scientist. He was 15 years old when his father Charles-Émile Trudeau died in 1934.
During the Second World War he was drafted into the military, but never used in Europe. In 1944 Trudeau entered the Québec Bar Association as a lawyer and political scientist. In 1961 he received a professorship at the University of Montreal.
For his party, the Liberal Party of Canada , Pierre Trudeau won a seat in the Canadian House of Commons in 1965 . Soon after, in 1967, he became Canadian Minister of Justice . When incumbent Prime Minister Lester Pearson resigned in 1968, Trudeau became the 15th Prime Minister of Canada. He held this office - with an interruption of a few months - until 1984, when he, now 65 years old, retired from politics and returned to work as a lawyer. When forces of the radical Canadian organization Front de Liberation du Québec kidnapped two politicians in 1970, he had martial law proclaimed in the so-called " October Crisis ".
Because of the beginning of Parkinson's disease , Trudeau withdrew completely from the public in 2000. He died of cancer on September 28, 2000 at the age of 80.
With his wife Margaret Sinclair , to whom he had been married since 1971, Trudeau had three sons, Justin , who has been serving and 23rd Prime Minister of Canada since 2015, Alexandre and Michel. Michel was killed in an avalanche accident in 1998. The couple separated in 1977 and divorced in 1984. In 1991, Trudeau had his only daughter, Sarah Elisabeth Coyne, with the lawyer and politician Deborah Coyne.
Throughout his life, Trudeau regarded the unification and reconciliation of the Anglophone and Francophone parts of Canada as one of his greatest tasks. He was also a friend and sponsor of the bilingual schools he initiated . It is thanks to his efforts that the province of Québec's quest for sovereignty in 1980 did not win a majority.
Under his leadership, Parliament passed the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms in 1982, which , among other things, permanently enshrines freedom of expression, equality, indigenous rights, the right to use one of Canada's two official languages, and the protection of multiculturalism in Canada are.
On January 1, 2004, the international airport of Montreal ( Aéroport Dorval ) was renamed in honor of Pierre Elliott Trudeau in Aéroport international Pierre-Elliott-Trudeau de Montréal .
- Peter C. Newman : Drawn & Quartered: The Trudeau Years . Key Porter Books, Toronto, 1984.
- Pierre Elliott Trudeau: 1919-2000 EARLY YEARS Ambulant life made him one-of-a-kind ( Memento from September 30, 2007 in the Internet Archive )
- October 18, 1919. Pierre Trudeau is born, WDR-from October 18, 2019, in: October 18, 1919- Pierre Trudeau is born, in: WDR, https://www1.wdr.de/stichtag/stichtag-pierre -trudeau-100.html
- Biographical presentation of Trudeau at canadahistory.com (English)
- Pierre Trudeau - biographical information on the website of the Canadian Parliament (English)
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Trudeau, Joseph Philippe Pierre Yves Elliott (full name)|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Canadian politician|
|DATE OF BIRTH||October 18, 1919|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Montreal|
|DATE OF DEATH||September 28, 2000|
|Place of death||Montreal|