Pleiserhohn is a district of the city of Königswinter in the Rhein-Sieg district in North Rhine-Westphalia . It belongs to the Oberpleis district and the Wahlfeld district ; on December 31, 2019, it had 250 residents.
Pleiserhohn is located two kilometers northeast of the center of Oberpleis in the Pleiser Hügelland on an area sloping from east to west to the Pleisbach . The village covers altitudes between 180 and . The closest localities include Westerhausen in the north, Broichhausen in the east (both city of Hennef (Sieg) ), Rübhausen in the southeast and Thelenbitze in the southwest. Pleiserhohn is crossed by Landesstraße 331 (Königswinter – Oberpleis – Hennef).
Pleiserhohn appeared in a document in 1645 under the name Haen , when a leased property of the provost of Oberpleis ( corridor "Auf dem Steimel") is mentioned here. The local residents had a share in the Höhner Mark (a market cooperative with annual forest goods ), which extended to the forest area between Pleiserhohn, Thelenbitze and Wahlfeld. From the community of the so-called Märker , to whom the forest was leased, the “Neighborhood Pleiserhohn-Thelenbitze” developed after the dissolution of the Höhner Mark through secularization at the beginning of the 19th century.
Pleiserhohn belonged to the Wahlfeld honors , one of the last five honors that made up the Oberpleis parish in the Bergisch Amt of Blankenberg . After the dissolution of the Duchy of Berg in 1806, Pleiserhohn was part of the cadastral or tax community Wahlfeld in the administrative district of the Oberpleis mayor and was incorporated into the newly formed Oberpleis municipality in 1845/46. In the context of censuses , the village was recorded as a village under the name Oberpleiserhohn until at least 1843 . In 1898 the residents of Pleiserhohn built a hydraulic ram with their own financial contribution and founded the "Pleiserhohn Water Pipeline Association" for this purpose. In 1929 a second water lifting system was built about 50 m below the first, which was in operation until the water supply association Thomasberg took over in 1971.
In 1885 the St. Anna Chapel was built on the property of the Pleiserhohn-Thelenbitze neighborhood, which presumably replaced a previously existing “neighborhood cross” as a place of prayer and devotion. In 1925/26 the chapel was renovated. At the beginning of the 1950s, the village community property was dissolved, and the chapel and the surrounding property became the property of the municipality of Oberpleis. At this time and again in 1976/77, the chapel was renovated, including a new altar made of natural stone .
- Population development
The St. Anna chapel is a plastered brick building from 1885 with neo-Romanesque decorative shapes and a three-sided apse . The roof is slate and has an open roof turret . As a monument under monument protection are out of the chapel and a grave Cross (For Sandkaule) from Trachyt of 1729 with inscription and the lifting unit from 1898 in the hallway The Pützbungert .
- without secondary residences ; Population statistics of the city of Königswinter (PDF)
- Peter Weber, Willi Zerres: 100 Years of St. Anna Chapel 220 Years of the Pleiserhohn-Thelenbitze Neighborhood - A Look Back at the Past ( Memento from November 15, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) , Pleiserhohn 1985
- Wilhelm Fabricius : Explanations of the historical atlas of the Rhine province, Volume 2: The map of 1789. Bonn 1898, p. 309 ff.
- Willi Zerres: The water lifting machine system from Pleiserhohn from 1898
- AA Mützell: New topographical-statistical-geographical dictionary of the Prussian state , Verlag KA Kümmel, Halle 1823, fourth volume, p. 50
- Friedrich von Restorff: Topographical-Statistical Description of the Royal Prussian Rhine Province , Nicolaische Buchhandlung, Berlin and Stettin 1830, p. 303
- Royal Government of Cologne: overview of the components u. Directory of all localities in the government district of Cologne. Cöln 1845, p. 104. ( Online ub.uni-duesseldorf.de )
- Community for the Kingdom of Prussia , Volume XII Province of Rhineland, Publishing House of the Royal Statistical Bureau (Hrsg.), 1888, pages 118 u. 119.
- Community for the Kingdom of Prussia. Booklet XII Rhine Province. Berlin 1909, p. 151.
- Angelika Schyma : City of Königswinter. (= Monument topography Federal Republic of Germany , Monuments in the Rhineland , Volume 23.5.) Rheinland-Verlag, Cologne 1992, ISBN 3-7927-1200-8 , pp. 258/259.