|Residents :||381,598 (2010)|
|Time zone :||UTC +3: 30|
Qazvin or Ghazwin (old German spelling: Kaswin ; Persian قزوين, DMG Qazwīn [ ɢæzˈviːn ]), is a city in Iran that was the capital of the Safavid Empire from 1548 to 1598 . Today Ghazwin is the capital of the province of the same name and has over 380,000 inhabitants (as of 2010).
Ghazwin is just 180 km northwest of Tehran . The city lies at an altitude of . Winters are cool and dry, while summers are hot. Ghazwin connects the highlands of Iran with the Caspian Sea and Asia Minor .
Archaeological finds indicate a settlement for 9000 years. The name Ghazwin is said to be derived from the word Cas . The Khazars were a people who also gave the Caspian Sea its name. Today's Ghazwin was probably founded by Shapur II as a castle with the name Schad Shapur .
Ghazwin is on the highway between Tehran and Tabriz .
The city is also on the Tehran – Tabriz railway line . Your station will be expanded into a branch station for the Ghazwin – Astara (–Azerbaijan) railway line, which is currently under construction . It is to be opened between Ghazwin and Rasht in 2017.
Average monthly temperatures and rainfall for Ghazwin
As the former capital of the Safavids, the city has more than 2000 architectural and archaeological sites.
- Qazvin Friday Mosque
- Heydarieh Madrasa
- Imamzade Hossein
- Sa'd al-Saltaneh caravanserai
- Nabi mosque
- Tschehel Sotun Pavilion
- Meimoon Ghal'eh
- City gates of Qazvin
sons and daughters of the town
- Hamdallah Mustaufi (around 1281–1344), historian and geographer
- Qurrat al-ʿAin (1814–1852), poet and martyr of Babism
- Monir Shahroudy Farmanfarmaian (1922–2019), visual artist
- Ebrahim Yazdi (1931–2017), politician
- Sohrab Shahid Saless (1944–1998), film director and screenwriter
- Shirin Neshat (* 1957), video artist and filmmaker
- Akbar Gandschi (* 1960), journalist, writer and sociologist
- Madjid Khaladj (* 1962), musician and tombak virtuoso
- Hassan Roudbarian (* 1978), football player
- Qazvin Cultural Heritage Organization (English)
- Population the major cities of Iran (2010) ( Memento of the original from October 2, 2012 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Table on the website of the Provincial Administration of South Khorasan (Persian)
- Wikipedia: Naming Conventions / Arabic # Persian Transcription .
- Construction homepage ( Memento of the original from January 27, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (Persian).