Richmond (North Yorkshire)
|Coordinates||54 ° 24 ′ N , 1 ° 44 ′ W|
|Residents||8970 (status: 2001)|
|ZIP code section||DL10|
|Part of the country||England|
|region||Yorkshire and the Humber|
|Shire county||North Yorkshire|
Richmond is a small town in the English county of North Yorkshire and the administrative seat of the District of Richmondshire . According to the 2001 census, Richmond had a total of 8,970 inhabitants.
Richmond is located at the foot of the Yorkshire Dales , which rise to the west, or on the edge of the Vale of Mowbray , which connects to the east. The city lies on the River Swale , which rises in the Dales above Keld (about 30 km to the west) and later flows into the Ouse . The famous Coast to Coast Walk leads through the city from St Bees on the Irish Sea to Robin Hood's Bay on the North Sea , with Richmond being the only town along the way.
The name Richmond comes from the place Richemont in Normandy and was the fief of the Earls of Richmond .
Richmond was founded in 1071 by the Breton Alan Rufus , to whom manors were transferred from the Norman King Wilhelm I. The Richmond Castle of 1086 includes an area which is known as the marketplace today.
Duke Francis II bequeathed Richmond to King Henry VII. The first Duke of Richmond was Henry Fitzroy , the grandson of Henry VII , who however died after a short reign.
Richmondshire's amalgamation with the Principality of Wales and the Kingdom of England to form England and Wales occurred at the time of the enactment of the Incorporation of Wales Acts 1535–1542 , parallel to the unification of Brittany with the Kingdom of France, see History of France . Richmondshire was the subject of the Rhuddlan statute and was incorporated into the Welsh Marches during Esmé Stewart's lifetime .
Local residents vehemently countered the inclusion of Richmond in sovereign politics by means of several conspiracies and uprisings, which ultimately led to the English Civil War .
Richmond and Swaledale were already an economically prosperous region due to the textile industry, but their economic importance increased further through the mining of lead ore (especially above Keld) in the 17th and 18th centuries.
Richmond has twinned cities with
Culture and sights
- The Richmond Castle is located in the city center above the Swale and is a nationally known tourist attraction.
- The Green Howards Regimental Museum is located in the Old Trinity Church on the market square in the center of town; the Richmondshire Museum is also located here .
- The Georgian Theater, founded by Samuel Butler in 1788, is also located directly on the market square. However, the theater had to close in 1848, after which the building was used as a warehouse for many years. The theater was reopened in 1963 and a theater museum was added in 1979.
- The Coast to Coast Walk runs right through Richmond.
Economy and Infrastructure
The A1 motorway ( London - Edinburgh ) passes the city in a north-south direction about 5 km to the east . Other A-roads are the A6108 ( Scotch Corner - Ripon ) and the A6136 (to Catterick ).
Richmond has had no rail connection since 1969. Up until that point, Richmond Station was the terminus of the Eryholme-Richmond railway line , which branched off from the East Coast Main Line . The station building, which was renovated in 2007, now houses two cinema screens, an art gallery as well as a restaurant and café. There are bus connections to Catterick, Darlington , Gunnerside (–Keld) and Northallerton .
Fresh Radio has a radio studio in Richmond which broadcasts a radio program for the entire Yorkshire Dales .
In Richmond, the Darlington & Stockton Times appears weekly and the Northern Echo appears daily .
Richmond has two secondary schools, Richmond School and St Francis Xavier School for students ages 11 to 16, and three elementary schools ( Richmond Methodist , Richmond C of E, and St Marys Catholic School ).
sons and daughters of the town
- Conyers Middleton (1683–1750), English clergyman.
- John Lawrence, 1st Baron Lawrence (1811–1879), Irish nobleman and British statesman
- Banesh Hoffmann (1906–1986), mathematician, physicist and university professor
- Theo Hutchcraft (* 1986), singer Hurts