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Until 1927, Rimburg was a municipality in the Aachen district in the Prussian Rhine province .

Prussian Rimburg tranchot.png

The former municipality is now part of the cities of Übach-Palenberg in the Heinsberg district and Herzogenrath in the Aachen city region .

Rimburg with Finkenrath and Hofstadt on a map from the 19th century

Geography and history

To the north of Rimburg Castle , excavations from 1926 onwards by O. E. Mayer found the remains of a Roman vicus (whose name is unknown), a street settlement on both sides of the Roman road from Cologne to Boulogne-sur-Mer , which is now also known as Via Belgica . This settlement was on the bridge over the Wurm, on the western side there was another vicus in the area of ​​today's Dutch municipality Landgraaf . Both settlements existed between the first and fourth centuries AD and were densely populated with strip houses. They presumably served mainly to take care of the travelers. Pottery kiln, shoemaker, carpenter and a dealer in brass goods are proven, as well as a bone carver for hairpins. According to Mayer, one must imagine the vicus as a "large, flourishing village". There was a ditch and a six-meter-long wooden bridge on the Wurm lowland, the foundations of which could be secured to the west of the worm when a sewage treatment plant was being built there. The course of the Via Belgica is no longer recognizable in the Rimburg area today, as it was abandoned early west of Jülich in favor of a route from there to Aachen.

From the historical domination Rimburg which are headquartered in Castle Rimburg had been in the French period in -Inférieure Meuse the Mairie formed (mayoralty) Rimburg. Due to the demarcation established at the Congress of Vienna in 1815 , the part of the mayor's office to the west of the Wurm fell to the Netherlands and is now part of the municipality of Landgraaf in the province of Limburg . The part east of the Wurm fell to Prussia and since then has formed the mayor's office in Rimburg in the Aachen district , to which Rimburg Castle and the villages of Finkenrath, Hofstadt and Nievelstein belonged. The mayorry of Rimburg was abolished in 1857. The municipality of Rimburg has belonged to the Merkstein mayor since then . It covered an area of ​​3.24 km².

Rimburg was incorporated into Merkstein in 1927. By the Aachen law , Merkstein was split up on January 1, 1972. The northern part of the former municipality of Rimburg with Rimburg Castle and the surrounding area became part of the Heinsberg district and has since formed the Rimburg district of the city of Übach-Palenberg. Finkenrath, Hofstadt and Nievelstein have been part of the city of Herzogenrath in the Aachen city region since then.

Population development

year Residents
1825 102
1852 161
1885 149
1910 226

Individual evidence

  1. Susanne Jenter: The vicus of Rimburg , p. 75ff. in: Landschaftsverband Rheinland - Rheinische Bodendenkmalpflege (Hrsg.): Erlebnisraum Römerstraße - Via Belgica . print'n'press-Verlag Aachen 2008, ISBN 978-3-935522-01-4
  2. a b GenWiki: Rimburg
  3. a b Statistics of the administrative district of Aachen 1827, p. 108
  4. a b Community encyclopedia for the Kingdom of Prussia 1885, p. 212 ff.
  5. ^ Statistics of the administrative district of Aachen 1852, p. 32
  6. Municipal directory 1910

Web links

Commons : Rimburg  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Coordinates: 50 ° 54 ′ 50 ″  N , 6 ° 5 ′ 23 ″  E