|coat of arms||Germany map|
|State :||North Rhine-Westphalia|
|Administrative region :||Cologne|
|Height :||110 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||26.12 km 2|
|Residents:||24,044 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||920 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||52531|
|Primaries :||02451, 02404|
|License plate :||HS, ERK, GK|
|Community key :||05 3 70 028|
|LOCODE :||DE BPA|
City administration address :
|Mayor :||Wolfgang Jungnitsch ( CDU )|
|Location of the city of Übach-Palenberg in the district of Heinsberg|
Übach-Palenberg is 17 kilometers north of Aachen in the south of the Heinsberg district. Immediately adjacent neighboring communities are the municipality of Landgraaf on the Dutch side and the cities of Geilenkirchen , Baesweiler , Alsdorf and Herzogenrath on the German side.
- The Wurm flows in a south-north direction through the districts of Zweibrüggen and Frelenberg.
- A brook named Übach rises south of the Alsdorf district of Busch. It flows, partly underground, in an arc to the north around Merkstein, further north past Herbach to Übach and further in an arc to the west towards Palenberg, where it flows into the Wurm near the local recreation area after about 9 kilometers.
Part of the Teverener Heide nature reserve belongs to the municipality.
The city consists of the following districts (population figures as of December 31, 2015 in brackets):
- Boscheln 4,650
- Frelenberg 3.180
- Holland 459
- Marienberg 1,856
- Palenberg 4,931
- Rimburg 346
- Scherpenseel 2.036
- Peter 129
- Stegh 30 (December 31, 2010)
- Over 6,812
- London 369
- Zweibrüggen 86
as well as the homesteads Hoverhof, Drinhausen, Blaustein, Valkerhofstadt and Weißenhaus.
The Via Belgica , a Roman main road, cut through today's urban area and crossed the Wurm near the Rimburg Castle . About a kilometer and a half downstream between Palenberg and Marienberg, the foundations of a Roman estate were found. The thermal bath belonging to the farm has now been partially reconstructed and can be viewed at the place where it was found.
In the Boscheln district, today's Friedensstrasse and Brünestrasse correspond to the course of the Römerstrasse.
From the Middle Ages to the Modern Age
The district of Palenberg is mentioned in writing for the first time in a document dated January 20, 867 about an exchange of goods between a vassal of Count Matfridt of Jülich named Otbert and the Frankish King Lothar II . Around the year 1000 the place probably belonged to the Geilenkirchen rule , which came into the possession of the Lords of Heinsberg in the 12th century . With the rule of Heinsberg, Palenberg finally came to the Duchy of Jülich and became part of the Jülich office of Geilenkirchen.
Übach was first mentioned in 1172 when a noblewoman of the same name was named as Ministerialin of the Abbey of Thorn an der Maas . The abbey had ruled the place at least since then, but probably earlier.
In 1794, after the French occupation of the Rhineland, the Mairie (mayor's office) Übach was formed and subordinated to the Département de la Roer . After the Congress of Vienna in 1815, the places that today belong to Übach-Palenberg were part of the newly formed Geilenkirchen district. In 1827 Palenberg had 98 inhabitants and Übach 1268 inhabitants.
Übach-Palenberg has had a rail connection since the Aachen-Mönchengladbach railway line was completed in 1852.
From 1917 to 1962, coal was mined at the Carolus Magnus mine. During this period, the Übach-Palenberg growing together developed parallel to the growth of the coal mine. The growth of Palenberg began opposite the operational area of the colliery along Carlstrasse and expanded to the Wurm. In the roughly 50 years of the colliery's existence, the population of the hamlet of Palenberg rose from around 400 to 4,436 and that of Übach from around 1,600 to 5,570.
Another miners' settlement was built in Boscheln at the beginning of the 1920s. This was not intended for the Carolus Magnus mine, but for the Carl Alexander mine in neighboring Baesweiler .
In 1935 the municipality of Übach-Palenberg was created from the municipalities of Frelenberg , Scherpenseel and Übach. In 1936 14 Übach-Palenbergers were registered as Jews by the municipal administration, whose traces were lost in the following years. Two women married to non-Jews survived the Holocaust , while the Jew Baruch Dellman was expelled to Poland in 1938 and, according to evidence, found death in the Sachsenhausen concentration camp in 1940 .
During the war
On September 9, 1940, Heinrich Himmler ordered the supraregional establishment of brothels for communities in which more than a hundred foreign workers were housed. The Übach-Palenberg mayor Carl and the Carolus Magnus colliery tried to prevent this. The efforts were unsuccessful. In 1941 a brothel was set up in a wooden barrack with three Polish prostitutes. With the decline in coal production, the use of the brothel also decreased, which was subsequently closed. The barracks that became vacant were then occupied with Soviet prisoners of war .
After the American invasion, the population was initially relieved. For the community, the end of the fighting dates back to October 5, 1944. When an American infantry unit was preparing to march into the Cologne area for the following day at around 10 p.m., a V1 destined for an attack on Antwerp hit a semi-detached house in the Hügelstrasse. The damage to the settlement, which had been largely spared from the effects of war up to this point, was devastating. The number of deaths was never known.
In 1967 the municipality of Übach-Palenberg received city rights.
On January 1, 1972, a part of the Merkstein community with then about 300 inhabitants was incorporated. At the same time, the district membership changed. The city moved from the dissolved Selfkantkreis Geilenkirchen-Heinsberg to the new Heinsberg district .
In the 1970s and early 1980s, the miners' settlements Boscheln, Palenberg, Marienberg and Frelenberg and the center of Übach were redeveloped. In 1989 a large recreational area was inaugurated around the Wurmtalsee between Palenberg and Marienberg. In 1993 the former administration building of the Carolus Magnus mine was converted into the Carolus Magnus Center for Environmental Technology (CMC).
(always on December 31st)
The first church in Palenberg was a wooden post church from the 8th century. A small stone church was built in the 11th century, the core of which is still preserved today. This makes it one of the oldest churches in the Heinsberg district. The St. Petrus Chapel is also called the Karlskapelle .
Until December 31, 2009 the deanery Übach-Palenberg consisted of six parishes or communities. Corresponding services were held in the associated churches. Since January 1, 2010, through the merger of these six parishes, only the parish of St. Petrus Übach-Palenberg has existed. Their main church is in Übach (formerly St. Dionysius).
Catholic churches in the parish of St. Petrus Übach-Palenberg:
- The church in Übach, consecrated in 1953, was dedicated to St. Dionysius . There were two previous churches, namely an old sandstone church from around 930 to the 16th century, which was incorporated into the Thorn women's monastery in 1303 , as well as the subsequent building that was built in the course of the 16th century. In 1581 the next building with a large tower was completed. It was almost completely destroyed in the fighting during the Allied capture of Übach in October 1944. After using an emergency church - as already mentioned - the current church was consecrated in 1953.
- The Palenberg Church is consecrated to St. Theresa. It was built in 1930 after the Carolus Magnus mine was built there. Up to this point in time, the 11th century St. Peter's Chapel was used for services.
- The St. Fidelis Church in Boscheln has existed since 1930 and was the Rector 's Church for the first 20 years (part of the Übach parish). From 1951 to 2009 St. Fidelis Boscheln was an independent parish.
- There are two Catholic churches in Frelenberg, namely the old parish church (see sights), which was used until 1960. The new parish church, which, like the old church, is dedicated to Saint Dionysius, is a large and modern sacred building that has been used for church services since 1960.
- In 1895 the parish church of St. Mary of the Assumption was completed in Scherpenseel . It is one of the most beautiful churches in Übach-Palenberg.
- The parish of Marienberg also bears the name of St. Mary's Assumption . In 1911 the Oblates of St. Francis de Sales settled in Marienberg. The old church in Marienberg was completely destroyed in the Second World War. In 1957 and 1958, today's church was built on the old site.
Due to the settlement of numerous miners, Evangelical Christians also moved in larger numbers. Until the end of 2006 there were two Protestant parishes in the city area (Übach-Palenberg-Ost and Übach-Palenberg-West), which merged on January 1, 2007 to form the Evangelical parish of Übach-Palenberg. The parish belongs to the Jülich parish of the Evangelical Church in the Rhineland .
There have been four Protestant churches in Übach-Palenberg since the 1950s. The Kreuzkirche (built in 1953) in the Boscheln district was sold to the Free Church Community on January 1, 2011. The Church of the Resurrection in Marienberg (built in 1957) was deconstructed in February 2014. Thus the Protestant community still has two churches, the Erlöserkirche in Übach (built in 1932) and the Christ Church in Frelenberg (built in 1954). The parish currently has around 4700 parishioners (as of December 2014) and two parish offices. The proportion of Protestants in the total population of the city thus makes up almost 20%.
The Free Churches represent the Apostolic Community with its community center in Boscheln, and the New Apostolic Church with its church in Übach is represented by other denominations . From 1981 to 2017 there was also a New Apostolic Church in Boscheln.
In December 2010, the Evangelical Free Church Community Herzogenrath -Merkstein acquired the Kreuzkirche in Boscheln from the Evangelical Church . The community now operates as the Evangelical Free Church Community of Übach-Palenberg. Since mid-February 2011, all EFG community events have been held in the Kreuzkirche. Before the Second World War, the Kreuzkirche in Boscheln, built in 1953, had a provisional predecessor, a wooden barrack converted into a church. This became possible after the Nazi rulers had expropriated this barrack (a youth home) belonging to the workers' welfare and later sold it to the Protestant church.
In the Holthausen district there is a mosque for the city's almost 2,000 Muslims in the commercial area.
The local elections on May 25, 2014 resulted in the following distribution of the 32 seats in the city council:
- CDU : 15 seats (+3)
- SPD : 10 seats (−1)
- UWG : 2 seats (−3)
- GREEN : 3 seats (+1)
- FDP : 1 seat (± 0)
- USPD: 1 seat (+1)
A coalition was formed between the CDU and FDP / USPD parliamentary groups.
- 1935–1944: Wilhelm (Willy) Carl
- 1946–1948: Johann (Johannes) Heinrichs
- 1949: Gerhard Peters
- 1949–1952: Richard Wagner
- 1952–1961: Martin Lürkens
- 1961–1964: Josef Fürkötter, CDU
- 1964–1972: Max Gärtner, SPD
- 1972–1982: Manfred Sybertz , SPD
- 1982–1988: Werner Müller, SPD
- 1988–1996: Rolf Kornetka, SPD (died in office on November 28, 1996)
- 1997–2009: Paul Schmitz-Kröll, SPD, full-time
- since October 2009: Wolfgang Jungnitsch, CDU, full-time
coat of arms
A horizontally divided shield, in the upper blue field crossed lily sceptres, gold tinged, floating above the letter T in black. The lower field of the shield is split, in front of the yellow field is a black, uncrowned lion with a red tongue. In the red field is a white, crowned lion.
The crossed lily sceptres and the letter T indicate the manorial rule of the Thorn women's monastery (Netherlands). Frelenberg and Palenberg belonged to the Duchy of Jülich . The black, uncrowned lion is a reminder of this. The silver lion is borrowed from the coat of arms of the Heinsberg rulership because Scherpenseel originally belonged to this.
Übach-Palenberg maintains the following city partnerships:
In April 2013, as part of the preliminary program for the annual Charlemagne Prize award ceremony in Aachen, the so-called Eurolog was held as a European conversation between EU citizens, EU politicians and Eurocrats in the city of Zweibrüggen Castle. On the podium for the second Eurolog in May 2014 were: MEP Sabine Verheyen , former President of the European Parliament Klaus Hänsch , Spokesman for the Charlemagne Prize Board Jürgen Linden , MEP Sven Giegold , and Secretary General of the European Parliament Klaus Welle .
Culture, art and sights
Art and culture prize of the city of Übach-Palenberg
In 2011, the city council of Übach-Palenberg decided to announce an art and culture prize, which is to honor deserving artists of the city in an appropriate framework for their services to the city. Previous winners are:
- 2011: Professor Reinhold Bohrer (guitarist and musician)
- 2012: Hermann Josef Mispelbaum (painter)
- 2013: Professor Benno Werth (painter)
- 2014: Ingrid Heinze (dance, theater Traumkarussel)
- 2015: Jürgen Tarrach (actor)
- 2016: Private music band Scherpenseel (music)
- 2017: Richard Riediger (archaeologist, Riediger Collection)
- 2019: Hanns Paul Jouck (Music)
- historical wall altar in Zweibrüggen Castle
- Sound bridge from the Wurmtal to the Willy-Dohmen-Park
- The silent witness - the plea of innocence , bronze sculpture by Hermann Josef Mispelbaum, memorial for the victims of National Socialism in the park at the outdoor pool in Übach-Palenberg (2014)
- Platschhonk monument by Krista Löneke-Kemmerling on the market square in Übach (1979)
- Sculpture Today - a symbiosis of yesterday and tomorrow , Corten steel, Übach-Palenberg roundabout, Brünestr. - David Hansemann Str., Designed by the Geilenkirchen artist Willi Arlt , 2012.
- Sculpture The Chicken Market in the Scherpenseel district (Heerlener Straße), designed by the Geilenkirchen artist Willi Arlt (2017)
- The (private) Riediger Collection shows finds from the Mesolithic as well as numerous and unusual flash tubes .
• The St. Petrus Chapel in Palenberg, also called Karlskapelle, is a two-aisled building from the 11th, 12th and 17th centuries made of pebbles, broken stones and bricks.
In 1957, during excavations at the chapel, an eight-sided baptismal font from the 8th century was found, which proves that the wooden church must have been a baptismal and parish church as early as the 8th century.
The oldest part of the chapel is the nave of a hall church from the 11th century, which was built on the site of an earlier wooden post church. In the light it is 9 m long and 6 m wide. In the twelfth century, the south aisle was added and a little later the previous rectangular altar house of the aisle church was laid down. The present-day choir, consisting of a transversely oblong, barrel-vaulted yoke and the semicircular apse vaulted with a semi-dome, took its place.
In the 17th century, after the Thirty Years' War, the large northern porch, which is equipped with a fireplace, was added. In addition, a high, triangular gable was built over the long side of the aisle, and living rooms for guards were built behind this on the upper floor. The slender roof turret of the chapel also seems to come from the time of this renovation. 
• The pay hall of the Carolus Magnus mine (in today's Carolus Magnus Centrum), in the style of brick expressionism
• The water tower of the Carolus Magnus mine. This was built in 1912 in the shape of a spherical bottom container by the steel construction company FA Neumann (Eschweiler). The spherical tank, resting on a hexagonal steel framework, held around 500 m³ of water. In 1997/1998 a thorough repair took place, during which the lantern was completely replaced due to excessive corrosion damage, the central tube with the spiral staircase for access and the mobile ladder for container maintenance were lost. During the Euregionale 2008 the water tower was illuminated with LED lights. 
• The Zweibrüggen water mill, a mill that was still in operation until the Wurm was regulated in 1974 • Zweibrüggen Castle in the classical style 
• A replica of a Roman hypocaust facility in the Wurmtal recreation area
• The old Frelenberg parish church from the 15th and 16th centuries, choir from 1826
• The Rimburg Castle on the Wurm is said to be the oldest or at least the second oldest inhabited house in Germany.
• The former reception building of the Übach-Palenberg train station has been used as a youth and senior center for the city since 2002 after renovation and renovation and has been operated as a multi-generation house since 2008.
• Backes / Backhaus Zweibrüggen. A jewel in Zweibrüggen is the old restored bakery, which was saved from deterioration by the village community. The bakery is fully functional and bread can still be baked there, just like in the old days.
• Marienberg Monastery belongs to the Order of the Oblates of St. Franz von Sales and is their first branch in Germany (1910)
• Source in Frelenberg. The source is a listed building and is located in the center of the village. They provided the village with drinking water until the mid-twenties. A thick stream flowed from a pipe into a stone basin "dr Pött" and from there as a brook "de Siep" over a paved channel along the village street into the Wurm. When Geilenkirchener Strasse was expanded in 1934, the brook was channeled and unfortunately disappeared under the street. To the delight of the people of Frelenberg, the spring water still flows into a basin and from there to the Frelenberg sewage treatment plant, where it is used to treat the dirty water.
- The Wurmtalsee recreational area is located between Palenberg and Marienberg.
- The Willy-Dohmen-Park in Windhausen (park donated to the public and freely accessible by the late entrepreneur Willy Dohmen from Übach-Palenberg)
Economy and Infrastructure
To go biking
Übach-Palenberg is part of the cycle path network of North Rhine-Westphalia . Cycle tourists can also orientate themselves on the system of junctions . This guidance system was first installed here and in neighboring Herzogenrath in Germany, and it can now be found in almost all municipalities on the left bank of the Rhine in North Rhine-Westphalia.
Übach-Palenberg has the Übach-Palenberg train station on the Aachen – Duisburg / Düsseldorf line , located on the western edge of the Palenberg district. The local trains of the Rhein-Niers-Bahn and the Wupper-Express stop there .
Übach-Palenberg is part of the Aachen transport association and has its own city bus line, called ÜP1.
In addition to internationally active companies such as SLV, Neuman & Esser , Schlafhorst and Spanset, since 2010 the Solent GmbH & Co. KG company in Übach-Palenberg has been producing chocolate, nuts and dried fruits for various brands . Their sister company Bonback GmbH & Co. KG produces as a large bakery at the same location.
- Official Journal of the City of Übach-Palenberg, publisher: The Mayor. Published 10 times a year, distributed to households.
Fire and rescue services
The Übach-Palenberg ambulance is equipped with an ambulance. The Übach-Palenberg volunteer fire brigade provides fire protection and general help. It has two fire engines and four fire stations (Boscheln, Hauptwache Übach, Frelenberg and Scherpenseel). The fire brigade in Boscheln has a team transport vehicle , a fire fighting group vehicle 8/6 and an equipment vehicle for dangerous goods .
The Löschgruppe Frelenberg has a team transport vehicle, a fire fighting vehicle 8/6 and a fire fighting vehicle 20/16.
The Scherpenseel fire fighting group has a personnel transport vehicle and an LF 20 .
sons and daughters of the town
- Franz Derichs (1885–1967), German Jesuit
- Jessica Faust (* 1992), television actress
- Hans Holzbecher (born December 8, 1958), actor, cabaret artist and cabaret director
- Leonard Jansen (born May 18, 1681 in the Zweibrüggen mill; † April 21, 1754) was prior of the Knechtsteden monastery
- Thomas Jordan (born March 15, 1949 in Aachen), athlete
- Detlev Lauscher (1952–2010), football player
- Norman Langen (* 1985 in Übach-Palenberg), grew up and lives in Übach-Palenberg, German pop singer
- Peter Melchers (Petrus Melchioris), (born May 12, 1621 in Stegh near Übach-Palenberg, † December 1, 1682), was the Reform Abbot of the Dutch Abbey of Rolduc
- Hermann Josef Mispelbaum (born January 1, 1944), painter and sculptor
- Richard Riediger (* in Übach-Palenberg) is the owner of the largest Mesolithic collection in Germany
- Alfred Schobert (1963–2006), German social scientist and journalist, grew up in Übach-Palenberg
- Peter Speckens (born May 28, 1935 - November 9, 2019), senior athlete, numerous championships
- Joseph van der Velden (born August 7, 1891 in Übach; † May 19, 1954 in Krefeld) was bishop of the Aachen diocese from 1943 to 1954
- Roman Thomas Heil (born January 5, 1997), athlete, three-time West German champion and third place at the 2014 German Winter Throwing Championships
People in connection with Übach-Palenberg
- Thomas Maria Blisniewski (* 1960), grew up in Übach-Palenberg, art and cultural historian
- Jürgen Tarrach (born December 17, 1960), grew up in Boscheln, German actor
- City of Übach-Palenberg (Ed.): Übach-Palenberg in the past, present and future , 1967.
- City of Übach-Palenberg, Reinhold Esser (Ed.): 50 Years of Übach-Palenberg (1935–1985) , 1985.
- City of Übach-Palenberg, Reinhold Esser (Ed.): Rentmeister Wilhelm Engelen - My Memories , Übach-Palenberg 1998.
- Marco Kieser, Jascha Philipp Braun: The architectural monuments in the Heinsberg district. Urban area of Übach-Palenberg . In: District of Heinsberg (ed.): Home calendar of the district of Heinsberg 2017, Heinsberg 2016, pp. 140–160.
- Jürgen Klosa, Paul Gontrum: The last funding The Carolus-Magnus union in stories and pictures , Übach-Palenberg 2002, ISBN 3-00-009703-1 .
- Jürgen Klosa: Boscheln - The book, local history (s) and pictures from Boscheln , Übach-Palenberg 2000.
- Jürgen Klosa: “A generation says goodbye” (stories and images from war and imprisonment of 120 contemporary witnesses), Übach-Palenberg 2004, ISBN 3-00-014237-1 .
- Jürgen Klosa: "Frelenberg and Zweibrüggen - as it used to be" (History from Frelenberg / Zweibrüggen by Leo Pauli, Heinrich Lieck, Friedhelm Burghoff, Franz Mingers, Werner Freiherr von Negri and Jürgen Klosa), Übach-Palenberg 2007, ISBN 978-3 -00-22563-5
- Website of the city of Übach-Palenberg
- Monuments in the city of Übach-Palenberg
- Churches and chapels in the town of Übach-Palenberg
- Population of the municipalities of North Rhine-Westphalia on December 31, 2019 - update of the population based on the census of May 9, 2011. State Office for Information and Technology North Rhine-Westphalia (IT.NRW), accessed on June 17, 2020 . ( Help on this )
- Water station map of the state of North Rhine-Westphalia - as of June 2, 2014 . Specialized information system ELWAS with the evaluation tool ELWAS-WEB. Retrieved June 11, 2014.
- Jeanne-Nora Andrikopoulou-Strack: On foot, on horseback, by wagon - on the Via Belgica from Cologne to Rimburg S. 17ff. in: Landschaftsverband Rheinland - Rheinische Bodendenkmalpflege (Hrsg.): Erlebnisraum Römerstraße - Via Belgica . print'n'press-Verlag Aachen 2008, ISBN 978-3-935522-01-4
- Leo Schaefer: Early church building in the Heinsberg district. Museum publications of the Heinsberg district 8 . Self-published by the district of Heinsberg, Heinsberg 1987, ISBN 3-925620-02-8 , p. 13.
- Jürgen Klosa: On the history of the Jews in Übach-Palenberg. In: Home calendar of the district of Heinsberg p. 148 ff.
- The National Socialist Era in Übach-Palenberg. A documentation by Helmut Landscheidt from 2005.
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 305 .
- 2014 municipal elections , on election results.nrw
- Markus Bienwald: First Eurolog in Zweibrüggen Castle: No songs of praise for the EU. In: Aachener Nachrichten . April 11, 2013, accessed January 24, 2020 .
- Image of the work of art in the Übach-Palenberg roundabout. In: Art in the roundabout . Retrieved January 24, 2020 .
- New landmark: “Chicken Market” reminds us of times gone by. In: Aachener Nachrichten . July 16, 2017, accessed January 24, 2020 .
- gallery of the Übach-Palenberg recreational area
- Solent chocolate
- Bonback large bakery
- Official Journal of the City of Übach-Palenberg