Robert II. De Lénoncourt

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Robert II. De Lénoncourt

Robert II. De Lénoncourt , also Lenoncourt († February 4, 1561 in Régennes Castle near Appoigny ) was a French cardinal and archbishop .


Coming from one of the four leading families in Lorraine, he was the second son of Thierri de Lenoncourt († January 20, 1514 in Paris) and of Jeanne de Ville-sur-Illon († February 3, 1525 in Vitry), nephew of the Archbishop of Tours (1484–1509) and Archbishop of Reims (1509–1532) Robert de Lenoncourt and uncle of Philippe Cardinal de Lenoncourt .

Robert was prior of Saint-Pourçain from 1516 , from 1523 Commander Abbot of Saint-Remi in Reims , from 1530 Commander Abbot of Saint-Philbert in Tournus and some other abbeys . On May 10, 1535 he was appointed Bishop of Châlons , where he worked until May 30, 1550. Already on December 20, 1538 Pope Paul III raised him . to the cardinal. In 1540 he was appointed cardinal priest of Sant'Anastasia . He took part in the conclaves 1549–1550 , May 1555 and 1559 .

His second diocese was Metz (April 22, 1551 - December 16, 1555). He tried to move the seat of the diocese back to the city and to make himself lord of the city. Against the will of the citizens he did not succeed, so that on April 10, 1552 he called the French army against the city of Metz for help. He penetrated the city and seized the archives and the city regiment. The city republic of Metz was history. De Lénoncourt now planned to remain master of the city with the help of the French occupation, but had made the calculation without the French king, who had the entire diocese of Metz occupied by Marshal de Vieilleville. Robert now placed himself under the protection of Emperor Charles the Fifth and was finally resigned to the Archdiocese of Embrun for the lost diocese of Metz (March 23, 1556 - February 7, 1560). However, he never went to this diocese, but received the diocese of Auxerre in the same year (October 4, 1556 - February 7, 1560), here too there are hardly any traces of his presence. In 1560 he renounced Auxerre in favor of his nephew Philippe de Lenoncourt and was instead appointed Archbishop of Arles (February 7, 1560 - February 4, 1561), at the same time Cardinal Bishop of the diocese of Sabina (March 13, 1560 - February 4, 1561) and administrator of the Archdiocese of Toulouse (March 13, 1560 - February 4, 1561).

He died on February 4, 1561 in the castle of Régennes and was buried in his priory in La Charité-sur-Loire . In the following year the grave was broken into and the body desecrated.


  • Honoré Fisquet : La France pontificale (Gallia christiana), histoire chronologique et biographique des archevêques et évêques de tous les diocèses de France depuis l'établissement du christianisme jusqu'à nos jours, divisée en 18 provinces ecclésiastiques. Seconde partie. E. Repos, Paris 1864, No. 83, p. 666-670 .

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predecessor Office successor
Gilles de Luxembourg Bishop of Châlons
Philippe de Lénoncourt
Charles de Guise Bishop of Metz
François de Beaucaire de Péguillon
François II de Dinteville Bishop of Auxerre
Philippe de Lénoncourt
Louis de Laval de Bois-Dauphin Archbishop of Embrun
Guillaume VIII d'Avançon de Saint-Marcel
François II de Tournon Cardinal Bishop of Sabina
Giovanni Girolamo Morone
Jacques du Broullat Archbishop of Arles
Antoine d'Albon
Antoine Sanguin de Meudon Archbishop of Toulouse
Georges d'Armagnac