Archdiocese of Reims

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Archdiocese of Reims
Basic data
Country France
Diocesan bishop Eric de Moulins-Beaufort
Auxiliary bishop Bruno Feillet
Emeritus diocesan bishop Thierry Jordan
Auxiliary Bishop Emeritus Joseph Boishu
Vicar General Pascal Bardet
surface 6,932 km²
Parishes 76 (2016 / AP 2017 )
Residents 624,000 (2016 / AP 2017 )
Catholics 576,000 (2016 / AP 2017 )
proportion of 92.3%
Diocesan priest 110 (2016 / AP 2017 )
Religious priest 11 (2016 / AP 2017 )
Catholics per priest 4,760
Permanent deacons 34 (2016 / AP 2017 )
Friars 33 (2016 / AP 2017 )
Religious sisters 200 (2016 / AP 2017 )
rite Roman rite
Liturgical language French
cathedral Notre Dame
address Archevêque
3 rue du Cardinal-de-Lorraine
51058 Reims CEDEX
Ecclesiastical province
Map of the ecclesiastical province

Ecclesiastical province of Reims

The Archdiocese of Reims ( Latin Archidioecesis Remensis ) is in the northeast of France located Archdiocese of the Roman Catholic Church , based in Reims . The diocese includes the Arrondissement of Reims and the Département Ardennes .


The area around Reims was Christianized in the late Roman period and the city was declared a bishopric . According to legend, the first bishop , Sixtus of Reims , was a Roman and a student of the apostle Peter , who appointed him first archbishop of Reims and sent him in 57. Allegedly Sixtus died on September 1st, 67. However, this should only be a fiction that postulates an apostolic succession . Sixtus probably lived around the middle of the 3rd century.

Around 401 a church was built by Bishop Nicasus; the future saint was killed in the Vandals storming the city in 406. In the city's cathedral, between 497 and 499, Clovis I was baptized by Bishop Remigius , which was decisive for the development of the Frankish Empire . The importance of the city, whose bishop Tilpin (748-795) achieved the archbishopric , is also shown in the fact that it was the residence of a part of the kingdom during the Merovingian divisions. In the 10th century, the Archbishop Adalbero of Reims was instrumental in ensuring that the French reign passed from the House of Carolingians to the Capetians . Together with Gerbert von Aurillac , he also ensured that the city with its cathedral school became an intellectual center of the early Middle Ages. In 1023 the archbishop received the title of Count of Reims .

The cathedral of Reims was in 1212 under the Archbishop Alberic de Humbert had begun according to the plans Roberts de Coucy and in the 14th century up to the towers, only two-thirds of the projected height of 120 meters get completed. All French kings (with the exception of Henry IV and Louis XVIII ) have been crowned here since 1179 .

The development of the city of Reims and its bourgeoisie led to clashes with the archbishop, which were ended by the king in 1361 when he brought the city under his rule. The archbishop had to be satisfied with the mere title, now that of Duke of Reims , which also made him one of the five spiritual pairs of France .

Archbishop Regnault de Chartres was Chancellor of France 1425-1445 and represented Charles VII in the negotiations for the Treaty of Arras (1435) .

In the Huguenot Wars , the city and archbishop sided with the Catholic League , but in 1590 they submitted to King Henry IV.

From 1574 (as a gift from Cardinal Charles of Lorraine ) until the French Revolution , the Reims Cathedral was home to the so-called Reims Gospel Book , covered with gold sheet and decorated with precious stones , on which the kings swore the oath.

In 1777, Alexandre Angélique de Talleyrand-Périgord was ordained Archbishop of Reims. In 1789 Talleyrand was one of the representatives of the clergy in the Estates General . In 1790 Talleyrand went into exile, which the emigré spent successively in Aachen , Weimar and Braunschweig . Talleyrand, who rejected the dissolution of the archbishopric in the Concordat of 1801 and the division into the dioceses of Meaux and Metz , remained in his office until after the Bourbon Restoration in 1815, which he only resigned on November 8, 1816. During the " Rule of the Hundred Days ", Napoleon's brief return to power, Talleyrand, a proponent of the Bourbon monarchy, was followed by Louis XVIII. into exile in Ghent . On July 28, 1817, Talleyrand was made cardinal and on October 1, 1817, he became Archbishop of Paris .

With the Concordat of 1817 it was agreed to rebuild the Archdiocese of Reims. Jean-Charles de Coucy was appointed the new Archbishop of Reims on October 1, 1817. The official restoration of the archdiocese took place on October 6, 1822. The dioceses of Amiens and Soissons were assigned to Reims in 1821, Châlons-sur-Marne and Beauvais in 1822 as suffragan dioceses. During the First World War , Cardinal Louis Luçon (Archbishop 1906–1930) achieved widespread notoriety when he demonstratively stayed in Reims in anticipation of the destruction of his cathedral .

The current Archbishop has been Thierry Jordan since July 20, 1999 .

Coat of arms of the Archdiocese of Reims
  1. Suffragan seats until 1801:
    1. Diocese of Amiens
    2. Diocese of Beauvais
    3. Boulogne diocese
    4. Bishopric of Châlons
    5. Diocese of Laon
    6. Diocese of Noyon
    7. Senlis diocese
    8. Diocese of Soissons
  2. Suffragan seats from 1822 to 2002:
    1. Diocese of Amiens
    2. Diocese of Beauvais
    3. Bishopric of Châlons
    4. Diocese of Soissons
  3. Suffragan seats since 2002:
    1. Diocese of Amiens
    2. Diocese of Beauvais
    3. Bishopric of Châlons
    4. Diocese of Langres
    5. Diocese of Soissons
    6. Diocese of Troyes

See also

Web links

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