Rudolf Hermann (theologian)

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Rudolf Hermann (born October 3, 1887 in Barmen ; † June 10, 1962 in Berlin ) was a German Protestant theologian and religious philosopher .


After graduating from high school in 1906, Rudolf Hermann first studied German, history and religion , and later theology in Marburg , Halle and Greifswald . During his studies in 1906 he became a member of the Black Castle Association Franconia Marburg and in 1909 a member of the Black Castle Association Sedinia Greifswald . In 1911 he passed his first state examination in theology in Koblenz . In 1913 he received his doctorate in Göttingen .

After starting his military service in 1913, he took part in the First World War as a soldier from 1914 and was seriously wounded and taken prisoner by the French in September 1914 . In 1915 he was exchanged and completed his habilitation in Göttingen in 1916, where he initially worked as a private lecturer. In 1919 he was given a teaching position in Breslau for “Newer Philosophy of Religion since Kant and for theology of the Reformers” and became inspector of the Theological Convict. In 1923 he was appointed associate professor in Breslau. One of his students and friends, who were impressed and influenced by him, was the later writer and hymn poet Jochen Klepper .

Hermann received an appointment as full professor for systematic theology in Greifswald in 1926 ; from May 1928 he was executive chairman of the Greifswald learned society for Luther research and modern intellectual history. From 1933 to 1938 he was a member of the Confessing Church . He took part in the Confession Synods of Barmen and Berlin-Dahlem, but later withdrew after conflicts with Karl Barth and Dietrich Bonhoeffer .

As dean of the Greifswald theological faculty, which he had been since 1946, he was appointed to the commission for the publication of Martin Luther's works ( Weimar edition ). In 1948 he took over the management of the Luther Academy in Sondershausen. Since 1953 he has taught at the Humboldt University in Berlin. Retired in 1955, he still taught and was director of the theological seminary.

After a short illness, he died in Berlin Charité in 1962 .


Hermann, who was influenced by Martin Kähler , made a name for himself above all for his development of Martin Luther's doctrine of justification . In the spirit of Immanuel Kant and Friedrich Schleiermacher , he advocated a close connection between theology and the philosophy of religion.

Fonts (selection)

  • Christianity and history with Wilhelm Herrmann  : With special consideration of the epistemological side of the problem . Leipzig: Deichert, 1914 (diss.)
  • The relationship between justification and prayer according to Luther's interpretation of Rom. 3 in the Romans lecture . Gütersloh: Bertelsmann, 1926
  • Luther's thesis 'righteous and sinner at the same time' . Gütersloh 1930 (2nd edition Darmstadt 1960)
  • Collected and postponed works . Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Göttingen
    • 1. Luther's theology . 1967
    • 2. Studies on theology of Luther and Lutheranism . 1981
    • 3. Bible and Hermeneutics . 1971
    • 4. Ethics . 1970
    • 5. Philosophy of religion . 1995
    • 6. Theological questions about the Church . 1967


Individual evidence

  1. ^ Hermann Goebel (ed.): Directory of members of the Schwarzburgbund. 8th edition, Frankfurt am Main 1930, p. 83 No. 1235.
  2. Markus Baum: Jochen Klepper. Neufeld , Schwarzenfeld 2011, ISBN 978-3-86256-014-1 , pp. 27 and ff.

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