Schön Klinik Hamburg Eilbek

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Schön Klinik Hamburg Eilbek
Sponsorship Nice clinic
place Hamburg-Barmbek-Süd
state Hamburg
Coordinates 53 ° 34 '38 "  N , 10 ° 3' 14"  E Coordinates: 53 ° 34 '38 "  N , 10 ° 3' 14"  E
Clinic manager Julia Nolte
beds 754
Employee 1700
including doctors 204
areas of expertise 12
founding 1864

The Schön Klinik Hamburg Eilbek (until 2004 General Hospital Eilbek ) is a privately owned acute hospital in the Hamburg district of Barmbek-Süd . With 754 beds and almost 1,700 employees, it is the fifth largest hospital in Hamburg and also the academic teaching hospital of the University of Hamburg .


1901 plan
Former main entrance, built by Fritz Schumacher , demolished in 2014 to make space for condominiums

The insane, sanatorium and nursing home Friedrichsberg (later Friedrichsberg State Hospital ) was opened on October 20, 1864 under the director Ludwig Meyer after three years of construction and was then considered a modern facility for mental illness . For the first time in Germany, patients were no longer locked away, but instead looked after according to the principle of compulsory treatment . In 1908 there were already 1400 patients here.

Between 1912 and 1914, many of the pavilions that exist today were built according to plans by Fritz Schumacher . In 1919/1920 Erich Stern worked as a trainee doctor at the Psychiatric Clinic (State Hospital Hamburg-Friedrichsberg) and worked as a scientist and publisher at the Psychological Institute there under William Stern . In 1920 the neuropathologist Alfons Maria Jakob described Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease here for the first time . A state treaty concluded with the city of Lübeck in 1930 led to the expansion of bed capacity at the Lübeck sanatorium Strecknitz at the expense of Hamburg by 400 beds, which were occupied by patients from Hamburg who could no longer be admitted here due to overcrowding of the corresponding facilities. During the Nazi era, the Hamburg health administration handed over the clinic to the German Labor Front (DAF). The patients were distributed to other sanatoriums and nursing homes and some were murdered as part of the so-called T4 euthanasia campaign .

In 1949 the remaining patients were transferred to the Ochsenzoll hospital on the northern edge of Hamburg (today Asklepios Klinik Nord ) and the Friedrichsberg hospital was converted into a general hospital. It was renamed General Hospital Eilbek after the neighboring river , because the name AK Barmbek was already in use. At the same time, the ensemble of the neighboring former Ebenezer hospital , consisting of the clinic building with the chapel annex and the doctors' apartment building on Friedrichsberger Strasse, was incorporated into the new AK Eilbek.

Former Ebenezer Hospital in Hamburg-Barmbek-Süd

Despite a referendum to the contrary , which was not constitutionally binding, the hospital was privatized and sold to the Asklepios clinics . In 2004, they built a new building for the hospital now known as the Eilbek Clinic . A part of the previous hospital area was built on with apartments, the rest was converted into a public park ( Friedrichsberger Park ).

In 2006 Asklepios sold the hospital to the clinic group Schön Klinik , which has been operating as Schön Klinik Hamburg Eilbek ever since .


New main entrance with emergency room, right

The Schön Klinik Hamburg Eilbek comprises 17 departments and clinics. In April 2011, a new building for psychiatry and neurological early rehabilitation was opened on the hospital grounds. In 2013 a new 4-story car park went into operation.

In 2010, 17,620 inpatients and 24,625 outpatients were treated.

areas of expertise

rose Garden

The rose garden in memory of Elfriede Lohse-Wächtler

The rose garden in the center of the clinic is dedicated to the memory of the painter and former patient Elfriede Lohse-Wächtler . The artist was treated here for a few weeks for schizophrenia in 1929 . In December 1935 she was subjected to compulsory sterilization as part of the National Socialist eugenics . In 1940 she was murdered in the Sonnenstein Castle killing center near Pirna.


  • Marcinowski: Hamburg State Buildings by Fritz Schumacher. Friedrichsberg insane asylum. In: Zentralblatt der Bauverwaltung , Vol. XLII, No. 103 (December 23, 1922), urn : nbn: de: kobv: 109-opus-56538 , pp. 630–634. (Eleven pictures)
  • The General Hospitals and Asylums of the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg . Verlag von Leopold Voss, Hamburg 1901, pp. 144–167.
  • Reinhard Otto: 150 years of Friedrichsberg. From the insane asylum to the clinic in the residential park , Hamburg 2015, ISBN 978-3-922587-66-8 .

Web links

Commons : Klinikum Eilbek  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Cornelia Werner: Medical history: Hamburg's most modern "madhouse" . 17th February 2017.
  2. Reinhold Ahr: The medical-psychological work of Erich Stern. Medical dissertation Mainz 1989, pp. 112-116.
  3. Gernot Huppmann, Reinhold Ahr: Erich Stern (1889-1959) and medical psychology: an ergobiographical sketch. In: Medical historical messages. Journal for the history of science and specialist prose research. Volume 34, 2015, pp. 137–155, here: pp. 139 f.
  4. Quality Report 2010, p. 16