South Wales Railway

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South Wales Railway
Gauge : 2140 mm
Grange Court
Hereford, Ross and Gloucester Railway
Westbury-on-Severn Halt
Ruddle Road stop
Bullo pill
Awre Junction
Forest of Dean Central Railway
Station, station
Wye Valley Railway
Chepstow East
Chepstow Bridge ( Wye )
Station, station
BSicon KDSTaq.svgBSicon ABZg + r.svgBSicon .svg
Royal Navy Propellant Factory, Caerwent
Stop, stop
Station, station
Severn Tunnel Junction
South Wales Main Line
Undy stop
Llanwern (steel mill)
Stop, stop
London and North Western Railway to Abergavenny
Station, station
Newport High Street
Alexandra Dock
A / D: transfer point, CH: lane change
BSicon exBHFq.svgBSicon eABZg + r.svgBSicon .svg
Cardiff Queen Street
Taff Vale Railway from Pontypridd
Station, station
Cardiff Central
Barry Railway
Station without passenger traffic
Cardiff Canton Locomotive Depot
Ninian Park
Penarth Harbor and Dock Railway from Taffs Well
St Fagans
BSicon STR.svg
St Fagans Junction / Drope Junction
Barry Railway ( Barry - Tynycaeau Junction )
BSicon STR.svg
Stop, stop
Ely Valley Railway
Cowbridge and Aberthaw Railway
Stop, stop
Cardiff and Ogmore Valley Railway
Stop, stop
Barry Railway from Vale of Glamorgan
Station, station
BSicon STR.svg
Llynvi and Ogmore Railway to Tondu and Maesteg
BSicon STR.svg
Pyle Junction
Stop, stop
Llynvi and Ogmore Railway from Porthcawl
Port Talbot Railway from Tondu
Stop, stop
Port Talbot
BSicon .svgBSicon eABZgl.svgBSicon exKDSTeq.svg
Port Talbot Docks
Stop, stop
BSicon .svgBSicon eABZgl.svgBSicon exSTR + r.svg
BSicon .svgBSicon eKRZu.svgBSicon exABZgr + r.svg
Rhondda and Swansea Bay Railway to Treherbert
BSicon .svgBSicon eKRZu.svgBSicon exABZgr + r.svg
South Wales Mineral Railway to Tonmawr
BSicon .svgBSicon HST.svgBSicon exDST.svg
Briton Ferry
BSicon .svgBSicon ABZgl.svgBSicon eABZqr + l.svg
Swansea District Line
BSicon .svgBSicon HST.svgBSicon exSTR.svg
BSicon .svgBSicon ABZgr.svgBSicon exSTR.svg
Vale of Neath Railway
BSicon .svgBSicon eABZg + l.svgBSicon exSTRr.svg
Stop, stop
Swansea District Line
Swansea docks
Stop, stop
Stop, stop
Landore high level
BSicon .svgBSicon ABZgl + l.svgBSicon KBHFeq.svg
Swansea High Street
Stop, stop
Gowerton North
Loughor Viaduct
BSicon .svgBSicon eABZglr.svgBSicon exKDSTeq.svg
Trostre Tinplate Works
Station, station
Llanelli (transition to the Heart of Wales Line )
Stop, stop
Pembrey and Burry Port
Carmarthen Junction
BSicon KBHFxaq.svgBSicon ABZgr + r.svgBSicon .svg
Carmarthen to the Carmarthen Aberystwyth Line
St Clears
Station, station
West Wales Line to Pembroke Dock
after cardigan
Stop, stop
Clunderwen Req
Castlebythe junction
Stop, stop
Clarbeston Road Req
BSicon STR + l.svgBSicon ABZgr.svgBSicon .svg
BSicon STR.svgBSicon BHF.svgBSicon .svg
BSicon eHST.svgBSicon STR.svgBSicon .svg
Wolf's Castle
BSicon eHST.svgBSicon STR.svgBSicon .svg
Welsh hook
BSicon eHST.svgBSicon STR.svgBSicon .svg
Mathry Road
BSicon eHST.svgBSicon STR.svgBSicon .svg
BSicon eHST.svgBSicon STR.svgBSicon .svg
Fishguard and Goodwick
BSicon KBHFe.svgBSicon STR.svgBSicon .svg
Fishguard Harbor to Rosslare Europort (ferry)
BSicon BOOT.svgBSicon HST.svgBSicon .svg
Johnston Req
BSicon .svgBSicon eABZgl.svgBSicon exKBHFeq.svg
Neyland Req
End station - end of the line
Milford Haven

The South Wales Railway was a broad gauge railway with a gauge of 7 feet 1/4 inches (2,140 mm). It connected the Gloucester and Forest of Dean Railway with Neyland in southern Wales .


Neath Valley Railway to Neath opened
  • 1852 Chepstow Bridge opened; Connection of the two sections of the route
Opening Landore - Carmarthen
Swansea Port Railway for freight
Change of license allows transfer of the terminus from Fishguard to Neyland

The gauge war

In the so-called "gauge war" ("gauge war"), the GWR fought fierce competition with the London and North Western Railway (LNWR). In 1846 the Bristol and Gloucester Railway was bought by the Midland Railway and converted to standard gauge in 1854. Three- rail tracks were laid on this route , on which trains of both gauges could run. Plymouth was reached in 1849 and Penzance in 1867 on the south-western tip of England with other own line structures . The South Wales Railway was opened in 1850 and connected to the GWR by the Wye Bridge built by Brunel in 1852 and Birmingham with Snow Hill station in the same year . Through such takeover and further line construction, the GWR grew to the largest company in the south-west of England.

Operational management

The South Wales Railway was entrusted with the operation of the Carmarthen and Cardigan Railway , which today is only in operation on small sections: the bankruptcy administrator did not cease to operate until 1878. In 1872 the line was converted to standard gauge . Today the Gwili Railway operates on a section of the route near Carmathen and the Teifi Valley Railway museum railway operations on a section near Henllan .

Individual evidence

  1. Grange Court
  2. a b La Luciole - Britain's 7 foot gauge railways ( Memento of the original from August 1, 2010 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  3. ^ ET MacDermot: History of the Great Western Railway, volume I 1833-1863 . Great Western Railway , London 1927.

Web links