Federally administered tribal areas
|Status:||former area under federal administration|
|Area :||27,220 km²|
|Residents :||5,001,676 (2017)|
|Population density :||183.8 inh / km² (2017)|
|former ISO 3166-2 :||PK-TA|
The tribal areas under federal administration , ( Pashtun وسطي قبایلي سیمې ، منځنۍ پښتونخوا; Urdu وفاقی منتظم شدہ قبائیلی علاقہ جات) also known as Federally Administered Tribal Areas or FATA for short , were a special Pakistani territory that the Pakistani government had practically taken over from the British after the state was founded in 1947 . The tribal areas under federal administration and the province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa were called East Afghanistan or Pashtunistan by the Afghans.
On March 2, 2017, the Pakistani government under Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif announced its intention to gradually incorporate the tribal areas into the adjacent northwestern province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. The integration should take about 5 years. The advocates of such a step promised better economic and cultural development of the backward region. Opponents of the reform spoke of a restriction of the previous freedoms of the residents. After the National Assembly of Pakistan voted on May 24, 2018 to merge the tribal areas with the province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and this was confirmed by its provincial assembly on May 27, 2018, President Mamnoon Hussain signed the amending law on May 31, 2018, with the the territory was dissolved.
The administration of the tribal areas distinguished two categories, which were dependent on the size and the population level. The areas of the "Agency" category had their own administrative headquarters and enjoyed greater autonomy. The areas of the category "Adjoining Tribal Areas" ( dt .: Neighboring tribal areas ) were managed from the respective district capital in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, after which they were named:
|North Waziristan Agency||4,707||357,900||Miranshah|
|South Waziristan Agency||6,620||413,900||Wana|
|Adjoining Tribal Area (Frontier Region)|
|Tribal Area Adj. Bannu District||745||19,600||Bannu|
|Tribal Area Adj. Dera Ismail Khan District||2.008||39,400||DIKhan|
|Tribal Area Adj. Kohat District||446||90,800||Kohat|
|Tribal Area Adj. Lakki Marwat District||132||7,000||Lakki|
|Tribal Area Adj. Peshawar District||261||53,900||Peshawar|
|Tribal Area Adj. Tank District||1,221||27,300||Jandola|
Population and politics
According to the 1998 census, 99.1% spoke Pashtun as their first language. 99.4% were of Muslim faith . The literacy was 30% for men and only 3% for women. Until 2008, the provinces of Bajaur and North Waziristan were under the control of al-Qaida, while the Pakistani Taliban had the upper hand in South Waziristan.
- Pakistan Bureau of Statistics | 6th Population and Housing Census. Retrieved November 9, 2017 .
- Pakistan approves move to merge tribal areas with Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa. Hindustan Times, March 2, 2017, accessed March 2, 2017 .
- The Express Tribune: Senate passes FATA-KP merger bill with 71-5 vote from May 25, 2018, accessed on August 31, 2018
- The Nation: President signs 'Constitutional Amendment' to merge FATA with KP, May 31, 2018, accessed August 5, 2018
- fata.gov.pk Socio Economic Indicators
- BBC: The new frontline in US was on terror