Federally administered tribal areas

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Federally Administered Tribal Areas
Federally Administered Tribal Areas
Basic data
Capital : Islamabad
Status: former area under federal administration
Area : 27,220 km²
Residents : 5,001,676 (2017)
Population density : 183.8 inh / km² (2017)
former ISO 3166-2 : PK-TA

Situation in Pakistan

Map of the tribal areas and Khyber Pakhtunkhwas (until 2018):
  • Tribal Areas Under Federal Administration (FATA)
  • Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (formerly NWFP)
  • The tribal areas under federal administration , ( Pashtun وسطي قبایلي سیمې ، منځنۍ پښتونخوا; Urdu وفاقی منتظم شدہ قبائیلی علاقہ جات) also known as Federally Administered Tribal Areas or FATA for short , were a special Pakistani territory that the Pakistani government had practically taken over from the British after the state was founded in 1947 . The tribal areas under federal administration and the province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa were called East Afghanistan or Pashtunistan by the Afghans.

    On March 2, 2017, the Pakistani government under Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif announced its intention to gradually incorporate the tribal areas into the adjacent northwestern province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. The integration should take about 5 years. The advocates of such a step promised better economic and cultural development of the backward region. Opponents of the reform spoke of a restriction of the previous freedoms of the residents. After the National Assembly of Pakistan voted on May 24, 2018 to merge the tribal areas with the province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and this was confirmed by its provincial assembly on May 27, 2018, President Mamnoon Hussain signed the amending law on May 31, 2018, with the the territory was dissolved.

    Pashtuns live in the areas , the ethnic group that is also the largest ethnic group in Afghanistan . Parts of the former tribal areas are under the control of al-Qaeda and the Pakistani Taliban .

    Administrative division

    The administration of the tribal areas distinguished two categories, which were dependent on the size and the population level. The areas of the "Agency" category had their own administrative headquarters and enjoyed greater autonomy. The areas of the category "Adjoining Tribal Areas" ( dt .: Neighboring tribal areas ) were managed from the respective district capital in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, after which they were named:

    Tribal Agency km² Population
    Administrative headquarters
    Bajaur Agency 1,290 596,700 Khar
    Khyber Agency 2,576 534,400 Peshawar
    Kurram Agency 3,380 441,600 Parachinar
    Mohmand Agency 2,296 331,600 Ghallanay
    North Waziristan Agency 4,707 357,900 Miranshah
    Orakzai Agency 1,538 223,900 Kalaya
    South Waziristan Agency 6,620 413,900 Wana
    Adjoining Tribal Area (Frontier Region)
    Tribal Area Adj. Bannu District 0.745 019,600 Bannu
    Tribal Area Adj. Dera Ismail Khan District 2.008 039,400 DIKhan
    Tribal Area Adj. Kohat District 0.446 090,800 Kohat
    Tribal Area Adj. Lakki Marwat District 0.132 007,000 Lakki
    Tribal Area Adj. Peshawar District 0.261 053,900 Peshawar
    Tribal Area Adj. Tank District 1,221 027,300 Jandola


    The tribal areas bordered the provinces of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (east), Punjab (southeast) and Balochistan (south) and Afghanistan (west).

    Population and politics

    According to the 1998 census, 99.1% spoke Pashtun as their first language. 99.4% were of Muslim faith . The literacy was 30% for men and only 3% for women. Until 2008, the provinces of Bajaur and North Waziristan were under the control of al-Qaida, while the Pakistani Taliban had the upper hand in South Waziristan.

    The tribal areas were the main target of the CIA 's drone strikes in Pakistan .

    Web links

    Commons : Federally administered tribal areas  - collection of images, videos and audio files

    Individual evidence

    1. Pakistan Bureau of Statistics | 6th Population and Housing Census. Retrieved November 9, 2017 .
    2. Pakistan approves move to merge tribal areas with Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa. Hindustan Times, March 2, 2017, accessed March 2, 2017 .
    3. ^ The Express Tribune: Senate passes FATA-KP merger bill with 71-5 vote from May 25, 2018, accessed on August 31, 2018
    4. ^ The Nation: President signs 'Constitutional Amendment' to merge FATA with KP, May 31, 2018, accessed August 5, 2018
    5. fata.gov.pk Socio Economic Indicators
    6. BBC: The new frontline in US was on terror

    Coordinates: 33 ° 0 ′ 0 ″  N , 70 ° 0 ′ 0 ″  E