Syrian Catholic Church
Latin Ecclesia Syro-Catholica ,
Syriac ܥܕܬܐ ܣܘܪܝܝܬܐ ܩܬܘܠܝܩܝܬܐ īṯo suryoyṯo qaṯolīqoyṯo
|Jurisdiction status||Patriarchal Church|
|Seat||Syrian Catholic Patriarchate of Antioch ( Beirut )|
|Hierarch||Patriarch of Antioch and the Syrian Ignatius Joseph III. Younan|
The Eastern Catholic Churches have around 150,000 members worldwide, mainly in Lebanon , Syria , Iraq , the USA and the other diaspora . Its head is the Syrian Catholic Patriarch of Antioch , currently S. S. Mar Ignatius Joseph III. Younan , based in Beirut , Lebanon. The liturgical language is Syriac . Although Arabic is used very often in everyday life, a north-east Aramaic dialect is still spoken in some areas in northern Iraq and north-east Syria , which has developed from Syrian.
From 1628 the Jesuits , Capuchins and other orders worked in Aleppo (Syria). Quite a few Syrian Orthodox believers converted to Catholicism . In 1662, Ignatius Andreas Akhidjan, a representative of the Catholic group, was elected patriarch. After his death, both groups chose their own patriarchs. After the death of the Catholic Patriarch Petrus Gregorius (previously Syrian Orthodox Archbishop of Jerusalem) in 1702, the Ottomans did not allow a new Catholic Patriarch to be elected. In 1782 the newly elected Syrian Orthodox Patriarch converted to Catholicism, whereby the Syrian Catholic Church established its patriarchal line of succession .
The Syrian Catholic Church thus emerged in the 17th century from the Syrian Orthodox Church of Antioch , when the Syrian Orthodox Archbishop of Aleppo , Mor Ignatius Andreas Akhidjan (1662–1677), who was trained in Rome, was ordained by the Catholic Maronite Patriarch and sent a Catholic creed to Rome. Since 1783 there has been a stable Catholic succession line of the Syrian Patriarchs of Antioch, first based in Lebanon, from 1850 to 1920 in Mardin , and since 1920 with Ignatius Ephrem II Rahmani (1898–1929) in Beirut .
In addition to the Patriarch, the Syrian Catholic Church has seventeen bishops (as of 2016). The liturgical language is Old Syriac Aramaic. The Julian calendar is followed. The date of Easter is old style. Many diaspora communities, however, adapt to the environment and therefore partly follow the Gregorian calendar .
The Syrian Catholic Church has been seeking union with the mother church, the Syrian Orthodox Church of Antioch, since the mid-1990s.
- Wilhelm Vries: Three Hundred Years of the Syrian Catholic Hierarchy. In: Eastern Church Studies. 5. 1956, pp. 137-157.
- Svante Lundgren: The Assyrians: From Nineveh to Gütersloh. Lit Verlag, Berlin / Münster 2015, ISBN 978-3-643-13256-7
- The Syrian Catholic Church . ( Memento of January 14, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) (French)
- Entry on Syriac Catholic Church at Pro Oriente
- Entry on Syrian Catholic Church on gcatholic.org (English)
- The Eastern Catholic Churches 2014. (PDF) Catholic Near East Welfare Association, accessed February 11, 2015 .
- Syrian Catholics seek unity . ( Memento of October 7, 2007 in the Internet Archive ) Vatican Radio , April 28, 2007
- Christian Cannuyer: Syriac Catholic Church . In: Wolfgang Thönissen (Hrsg.): Lexicon of ecumenism and denominational studies . On behalf of the Johann Adam Möhler Institute for Ecumenism. Herder Verlag, Freiburg im Breisgau 2007, ISBN 978-3-451-29500-3 , pp. 1324-1325.
- Bishopric in Mosul in flames . The standard