|City of Tandag|
|Location of Tandag in the province of Surigao del Sur|
|Province :||Surigao del Sur|
|District:||1. District of Surigao del Sur|
|Income class :||5th income bracket|
May 1, 2000 census
August 1, 2015 census
|Population density :||178.3 inhabitants per km²|
|Area :||316.2 km²|
|Postal code :||8300|
|Area code :||+63 8621|
|Mayor :||Alexander T. Pimentel|
|Geographical location in the Philippines|
Tandag City is a city in the Province of Surigao del Sur in the Philippines . It is also the capital of this province and is connected to the air traffic via Tandag Airport . Tandag City can be reached with the yellow “Bachelor buses” from Surigao City (approx. 5 hours) or Butuan (approx. 4 hours).
Barangays (number: 21)
|Surname||Population (August 1, 2015)|
|Bagong Lungsod (Pob.)||5,734|
|Bongtod Pob. (East West)||5,822|
|San Agustin Norte||1,908|
|San Agustin Sur||4,967|
Source: National Statistical Coordination Board, Makati City, Philippines
(. Pob = Poblacion (population), so densely populated and urbanized areas ia) The boundaries of each barangays are seen on wikimapia.org. (To see the extent of the urban area of Tandag, move the mouse pointer just before the coast with a suitable enlargement !)
Tandag City is located in the northeastern part of Mindanao Island and in the center of Surigao del Sur Province . It is bounded to the north by the municipalities of Lanuza and Cortes , to the south by San Miguel and Tago and to the west by the municipality of Santiago from the province of Agusan del Norte . In the east lies the coastal section to the Philippine Sea .
The city area is a total of 316.2 km², which is 6.95% of the total land area of Surigao del Sur. About 20% of the area consists of reestablished forest, 61.31% of primeval forest. 18.69% are intended for arable farming, are built on or lie fallow.
Tandag's topography is characterized by a large mountain region and an extensive stretch of coast. The north-eastern and south-western parts of the urban area are mountainous, while in the east the flatlands extend to the Pacific .
The main waterways are the Tandag, Awasian and Buenavista rivers. The city also includes the islands of Mangcagangi Island and the twin islands Linungao I and II.
Language and religion
Before the arrival of the Spaniards, the area of today's tandag was populated by indigenous people groups such as the Manobos and Mamanwas, who settled on the river banks and were under the rule of Datu Suba. Suba was later converted to Christianity by Father Juan de la Encarnacion, a Spanish missionary.
After Miguel López de Legazpi conquered the Philippines in 1590, the Spanish government sent missionaries to the islands to Christianize the locals. One of these missionaries was Father Juan de la Vega, to whom the town of Tandag was assigned. De la Vega built a fortress and built a small settlement the size of a football field along the stone wall of the fort. Outside this settlement, the village of Tandag developed over time. During this time, Tandag became a port for Spanish galleons exploring southern Mindanao along the coast.
In 1650, the place became the headquarters of the government of the Surigao district, which included the present-day provinces of Agusan del Norte , Agusan del Sur , Surigao del Norte , Surigao del Sur and the northern part of Davao del Norte . As the religious center and headquarters of the district, Tandag was equipped with cottas, fortified positions, which were built sometime in the 18th century and strengthened the north side of the place and the old cemetery on the west side. These positions should protect the place from the raids of the Moro pirates.
In various attacks between 1754 and 1767, the pirates left havoc and severe damage to Tandag. Father Jose Ducos, a Jesuit from Iligan , came to Tandag to build a new town out of the ruins. He built a garrison and the Tandag Minster. Although the former fort outlasted the years, parts of the fort were damaged during the Second World War. Extreme weather such as typhoons and earthquakes destroyed other parts of the fortress, which is why no remains of the fort can be discovered today.
On June 19, 1960, the large province of Surigao was divided into the independent provinces of Surigao del Sur and Surigao del Norte with effect from Republic Act No. 2786 . The municipality of Tandag was awarded the seat of the provincial government of Surigao del Sur.
Since June 23, 2007, when House Bill No. 5999 came into force, Tandag has had major city rights and is one of the youngest Component Cities in the Philippines. However, this status is quite controversial, as Tandag - like 15 other “big cities” - does not meet the criteria for the granting of big city rights, which are set out in Republic Act No. 9009 were established in June 2001 (including municipal income PHP 100 million , previously only PHP 20 million was required). On February 15, 2011, the Supreme Court had to deal with the question for the fourth time and just confirmed the big city law for Tandag and the other 15 affected places with a slim majority (7: 6 votes), after having been rejected one after the other had been confirmed and rejected again. The background to the dispute is the fact that all Filipino cities with this status have to share a fixed share (23%) of the government's funds, so that new ones reduce the incomes of the already established cities. The most important educational institution is the Surigao del Sur State University , which was founded in 2010.
The climate of Tandag falls under climate category II, which is not characterized by a pronounced dry period, but by heavy rainfall in the months of September to February. The monsoons and the northwest winds bring heavy storms and clouds with them. The months March to April, on the other hand, are rather dry. The average annual rainfall is 3,815 mm on 216 rainy days.
The temperatures fluctuate between 25.6 ° C and 31.4 ° C. The average temperature is 26.9 ° C. The air humidity averages 84%.
The area is largely spared from typhoons. Exceptions were the years 1912, 1964 and 1984, when a hurricane caused greater devastation.
- Linungao Islands
- Mangcagangi Island
- Busay Falls and Pangi Falls
- Tandag Beach Resort
- Mahayag Beach Resort
- Habag Beach Resort
- Archived copy ( Memento of the original from February 15, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Cf. en: Cities of the Philippines # "League of 16" and legal battles
- Cf. en: Cities of the Philippines # Motivations for cityhood