Tyrolean Franciscan Province

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The Tyrolean Franciscan Province of Blessed Engelbert Kolland as the Order of the Franciscans (OFM) for Tyrol was founded in 1580 and has been part of the Franciscan Province of Austria for St. Leopold . From 2001 she bore the patronage of the blessed Engelbert Kolland (1827-1860), martyr of Damascus.


In 1580, at the instigation of the Tyrolean Prince Archduke Ferdinand II, a separate Tyrolean Franciscan Province was established under the patronage of St. Leopold of Austria founded. It was intended to unite the Franciscan monasteries in his territory and thus included the branches in Tyrol and Württemberg , the former Austrian foothills that were ruled from Innsbruck. At the beginning, the province consisted of the old Franciscan monasteries in Bozen , Brixen and Freiburg , the founding of which dates back to the 13th century, and the monasteries Schwaz and Innsbruck at the court church . The Poor Clare monasteries in Brixen and Freiburg, as well as a number of Terziar Brothers and Sisters ' clauses , were also incorporated in Upper Austria.

In the 17th century a number of monasteries were founded in Tyrol in Kaltern , Innichen , Hall in Tirol , Reutte and Telfs , in Bavaria in Füssen and in front Austria in Kenzingen , Saulgau and Ehingen . In 1627 the province went over to the Franciscan Reformates , who followed stricter penances. The Tyrolean Franciscan Province experienced a heyday until the 18th century, so that by 1740 it had almost 500 members. During this time, the Franciscans devoted themselves primarily to pastoral care and science. Around 1780 they began teaching at the grammar schools in Hall and Bozen.

As a result of the church political reforms under Emperor Joseph II in 1783, the monasteries in Upper Austria and the monastery of Füssen were separated from the mother province. The province also lost its headquarters in 1785 when the Innsbruck court monastery was closed. The former Carmelite monastery in Lienz replaced it .

After the Napoleonic wars and the Bavarian rule in Tyrol at the beginning of the 19th century, the religious province regained its strength. In 1818 the monasteries in Salzburg and St. Anton im Pinzgau were taken over. The Tyrolean Franciscans also worked as missionaries in Upper Egypt, the Holy Land, North America (subsidiary province of Cincinnati ) and even in China. A new field of activity also presented itself in the popular mission back home that was started at that time . New branches were also opened within Austria, especially in Upper Austria ( Enns , Baumgartenberg , Pupping , Maria Schmolln , Suben , Bruckmühl and Steyr ).

The First World War brought not only personnel losses, but also the separation of the South Tyrolean monasteries in 1927. During the Second World War, the province had to overcome great difficulties by calling up its members for military service and the abolition of monasteries. After the war, a wide range of activities developed, which of course had to be gradually restricted again due to the general decline in religious vocations. Some monasteries also had to be closed again.

Due to the changed political circumstances, the South Tyrolean monasteries were able to be accepted back into the Tyrolean Franciscan Province in 2001. The patron saint of this new province was Blessed Engelbert Kolland , a Tyrolean Franciscan who died a martyr in Damascus in 1860 . Due to the decreasing number of religious admissions and religious endeavors, the Tyrolean Franciscan Province was united with the Vienna Franciscan Province on October 21, 2007. The resulting Austrian Franciscan Province of Austria includes all Franciscan monasteries in Austria and South Tyrol and is again under the patronage of St. Leopold of Austria.

Monasteries of the Tyrolean Franciscan Province

Before merging with the Province of Vienna in 2007, the Tyrolean Franciscan Province comprised the following monasteries:

North and East Tyrol
South Tyrol (Italy)
Upper Austria

Members of the Tyrolean Franciscan Province

In the course of its more than four hundred years of existence, around 4,000 men entered the Tyrolean Franciscan Province. It also produced well-known pastors, theologians and scholars:

See also

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Herbert Schneider : The Franciscans in the German-speaking area. Life and goals. Dietrich-Coelde-Verlag, Werl 1988, p. 19.
  2. The new Franciscan Province of Austria from St. Leopold - from October 21, 2007.  ( Page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Toter Link / franziskaner.at   franziskaner.at
  3. ^ Farewell to the Franciscans from Baumgartenberg . Franziskaner.at. Archived from the original on October 29, 2013. Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Retrieved July 13, 2010. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.franziskaner.at