University of Mississippi
|University of Mississippi|
|motto||Pro scientiae et sapientia ("For knowledge and wisdom")|
|place||Oxford , Mississippi , United States|
|Annual budget||2,448,000,000 USD|
|Foundation assets||737,300,000 USD|
|University sports||Southeastern Conference|
|Networks||APLU , ORAU , SURA|
The University of Mississippi (also called Ole Miss ) is a state university in Oxford in the north of the US state Mississippi . With around 23,000 students (2018), it is the largest university in Mississippi. Films like Blind Side - The Big Chance , songs like Oxford Town by Bob Dylan or We Didn't Start the Fire by Billy Joel as well as the first presidential debate between the candidates Barack Obama and John McCain in 2008 made the university internationally known. There are branch offices inBooneville , Tupelo and Southaven . The university also includes the University of Mississippi Medical Center in Jackson and a research station in Bay Springs .
The university, whose introduction the Mississippi Legislature decided on February 24, 1844 , was founded in 1848 as a Lyceum . During the civil war the building was used as a hospital. The college did not reopen until after the war in 1874. From 1882 women were allowed to study at the university, and in 1886 the first female teacher was hired. In 1962, James Meredith enrolled as the first African American student and could only be accepted into the university under the protection of the federal police. The riots went down in history as "Ole Miss Riots". Two people, a white French journalist and a white jukebox electrician, were killed by targeted shots in the back of the head by strangers during the race riot on campus. James Meredith was harassed by fellow students during his first two semesters. This fact was processed in the song " We Didn't Start the Fire " by Billy Joel . Even Bob Dylan wrote a song about the events ( Oxford Town ). The part of the university campus that was at the center of the unrest in 1962 was designated a National Historic Landmark on October 7, 2008 by the United States government as Lyceum-The Circle Historic District .
At the University Medical Center in Jackson, surgeon James D. Hardy achieved the first unilateral lung transplant on a human in 1963 . In the following year he transplanted the heart of a chimpanzee into a comatose patient and thus carried out the first heart transplant on a human.
In 2012, around 500 students gathered on campus and protested against Barack Obama's re-election as US president. They shouted racist slogans.
On the main campus:
- applied Sciences
- Nursing (since 2006)
- law Sciences
- Graduate school
In Jackson at the University Medical Center :
- Health professions
- Care (nursing)
The Ole Miss sports teams are called the Rebels . The university is a member of the Southeastern Conference .
- Derrick Allen - basketball player
- Haley Barbour - Governor
- Thad Cochran - Senator
- Paige Cothren - American football player
- John Grisham - writer
- Parker Hall - American football player
- Greg Iles - writer
- Kate Jackson - actress
- Frank Kinard - American football player
- Trent Lott - Senator
- Archie Manning - American football player
- Eli Manning - American football player
- Deuce McAllister - American football player
- John Sidney McCain I - Admiral (grandfather of John Sidney McCain III )
- Gerald McRaney - actor
- James Meredith - civil rights activist
- Michael Oher - American football player
- Barney Poole - American football player
- Buster Poole - American football player
- Ollie Poole - American football player
- Ray Poole - American football player
- Roosevelt Skerrit - Prime Minister of Dominica
- Elizabeth Thomas - Egyptologist
- Laquon Treadwell - American football player
- Terrico White - basketball player
- David G. Sansing: The University of Mississippi: A Sesquicentennial History . University Press of Mississippi, Jackson 1999, ISBN 9781578060917 .
- The University of Mississippi 2018-19 Mini Fact Book , accessed April 4, 2020 (PDF, English).
- University history on the University of Mississippi website
- Bryant, Nick (Autumn 2006). "Black Man Who Was Crazy Enough to Apply to Ole Miss". The Journal of Blacks in Higher Education (53): pages 60-71.
- Racial slurs at college protests prompt a deeper look. In: USA Today . November 12, 2012, accessed July 21, 2014 .
- University of Mississippi (English)