|Nickname : Crossroads of the South, Jack-town|
Mississippi State Capitol
|Location in Mississippi|
|State :||United States|
|Time zone :||Central ( UTC − 6 / −5 )|
- Metropolitan Area :
|169,148 (as of 2016)
579,229 (as of 2016)
|Population density :||1,612.5 inhabitants per km 2|
|Area :||106.8 km 2 (approx. 41 mi 2 ) of
which 104.9 km 2 (approx. 41 mi 2 ) is land
|Height :||85 m|
|Area code :||+1 601, 769|
|GNIS ID :||0711543|
|Mayor :||Chowkwe A. Lumumba (Democratic Party)|
Jackson lies on the former Choctaw settlement area . Jackson was founded in 1822 because Mississippi needed a central capital and was named after General Andrew Jackson . The architect Peter van Dorn laid out the city like a chessboard, as Thomas Jefferson had requested. Today many of the parks have disappeared.
On May 14, 1863, the Confederate defeat in the American Civil War took place in Jackson . Union General Ulysses S. Grant defeated officers Joseph E. Johnston and John Gregg . After the war, the racist paramilitary group Red Shirts was founded in Jackson in 1875 . Writer Richard Wright published the classic Black Boy in 1945 , which describes the suffering of blacks from racism in Jackson.
On May 24, 1961, numerous members of the American civil rights movement were arrested in Jackson. In 1967 a bomb attack on the Beth Israel Congregation synagogue was carried out by the Ku Klux Klan . On June 12, 1963, the civil rights activist Medgar Evers was murdered by Byron De La Beckwith , his killer was acquitted several times and only convicted in 1994. Jackson-Evers International Airport was later named in honor of Evers.
The National Park Service identifies five National Historic Landmarks for Jackson : the Mississippi Governor's Mansion , the Old Mississippi State Capitol , the Eudora Welty House , the Mississippi State Capitol and the Medgar Evers House . 62 buildings and sites in the city are listed on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) (as of November 7, 2018).
¹ 1980–2010: census results; 2016: US Census Bureau estimate
Jackson is enclosed by Interstate 20 to the south, Interstate 55 to the east, and Interstate 220 to the northeast . US Highways 49 , 51 and 80 and Mississippi State Routes 18 and 25 also run through the city .
- Millsaps College
- Belhaven College
- Jackson State University
- Tougaloo College
- Reformed Theological Seminary
- University of Mississippi Medical Center
- Jackson Free Press
- Clarion Ledger
- Northside Sun
- University Press of Mississippi
- The Jackson Advocate
Cultural institutions or sights
- Mississippi Symphonic Orchestra
- Mississippi Ballet
- New Stage Theater
- Mississippi Hispanic Association
- Mississippi Heritage Trust
- Mississippi Arts Center
- Mississippi Braves (baseball)
- Jackson Senators (baseball)
- Jackson Rage (basketball)
- JSU Tigers (Football)
sons and daughters of the town
- Joe McCoy (1905–1950), blues guitarist and singer
- Charlie McCoy (1909–1950), blues guitarist, singer and mandolin player
- Eudora Welty (1909-2001), writer
- Dick Davis (1917–1954), R&B and jazz tenor saxophonist and band leader
- Teddy Edwards (1924–2003), tenor saxophonist of blues and modern jazz
- Otis Spann (1930–1970), blues pianist and singer
- David Kirkwood (1935–2012), pentathlete and actor
- Thomas Harris (* 1940), writer
- Freddie Waits (1943–1989), jazz musician
- Richard Ford (born 1944), writer
- MC Gainey (born 1948), actor
- Jackie Slater (born 1954), American football player
- Cassandra Wilson (* 1955), jazz singer
- Gregg Harper (* 1956), politician
- Faith Hill (* 1967), country and pop singer
- Alice Brown (* 1960), sprinter
- Kathryn Stockett (* 1969), writer
- Geneva Carr (* 1971), film and stage actress
- David Banner (* 1974), rapper, producer and representative of the "Down South"
- Chad Wolf (born 1976), government official
- Bobby V (born 1980), R&B singer
- LeAnn Rimes (* 1982), singer
- Maurice Williams (* 1982), basketball player
- Monta Ellis (born 1985), basketball player
- Darrian Douglas (* ≈1985), jazz musician
- Candice Patton (born 1988), actress
- Angie Thomas (* 1988), writer
- Daniel Curtis Lee (born 1991), actor
Jackson in art
- The song Jackson , written by Billy Edd Wheeler and Gaby Rogers aka Jerry Leiber , is about the city. Originally from 1963, the song is from the Kingston Trio . The song became famous in 1967 but two cover versions that were recorded as duets: June Carter and Johnny Cash had a country hit with it. A version by Nancy Sinatra and Lee Hazlewood became popular in the pop charts .
- Jackson is mentioned in the song Uptown Funk by the US singer Bruno Mars .
Average monthly temperatures and rainfall for Jackson, Mississippi
- Archive link ( Memento of the original from October 5, 2007 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- List of NHL by State . National Park Service , accessed November 7, 2018.
- Search mask database in the National Register Information System. National Park Service , accessed November 7, 2018.
- http://www.visitjackson.com/ (English)